Auschwitz was located 37 miles west of Kracow which was near the German border before the war. In January 1945 the Soviet forces approached the Auschwitz camp complex. When the Nazis hear that the Soviet Army was on its way, they evacuated the camp and made the prisoners march to the nearest camp. The Nazis would continue to exterminate prisoners at the nearest camp and when the Soviets got close enough they eventually shut down the whole operation and the Nazis made their way back to Germany. The Soviets overran the camps of Belzec, Sobibor, and Treblinka in the summer of 1944.
The Holocaust is a time in history when millions of people were persecuted in Europe by being sent to live in ghettos and eventually being deported to concentration camps where they were systematically annihilated until the Allied forces liberated the remaining survivors. The first step in the Holocaust was moving the Jews to ghettos. Ghettos were temporary holding places for Jews. The Nazis wanted the concentration camps to exterminate the majority of the Jews, but the ghettos gave more opportunities for natural death (Byers 73). Many Jews were also forced to do labor in the ghettos, which sometimes caused natural death (Byers 73).
Her name was Ilse Koch. Her husband Karl-otto Koch was the first commandant at the Buchenwald camp. She would order a prisoner to death for their tattoos, then she would take their marked skin and made things out of them like a lamp shade she had owned. She was just another thing the prisoners at the Buchenwald camp had to face and deal with. One week before liberation she was sentenced to death.
In 1942, 7 year old Krystyna Chiger and 21 year old Pavel Friedman were forced with other Jews by Germans to be in the terrible place called the Ghetto. They all thought that they would be in there for a million years. While they were there in the Ghetto, European countries were being taken over by the Germans. One poem ( The Butterfly ) and one story ( Krystyna’s Story ) tell a lot of what they and other Jews went through. Krystyna had to live in the sewer with 20 Jews until the war was over and Pavel had to die to get of the Ghetto but the only thing that could go was a butterfly laughing at them.
The Holocaust was also known as Hitler’s “Final Solution”, which was to exterminate Gypsies, Jews, Homosexuals, Jehovah 's Witnesses, and Political Prisoners. The Socialist Workers Party, used a system of death camps and labor camps located in occupied Poland, and in eastern Germany. After the passing of the Nuremberg laws, the Jewish people were denied of their rights. They were stripped of their citizenship and couldn’t live a normal life. The Jews could not leave their house,
At first, when the SS men came into their house they told them to pack their things and get out of the house. All the Gypsies in her town were sent to a big hall where they were housed for a couple of days. The family was on the train for 3 days. When she got there, she had to strip down to being naked, and her mom covered herself with her hands because of the embarrassment. Her hair was then sprayed on and all cut off.
The first extermination took place in September 1941. Auschwitz II, Birkenau, became a major site of the Nazi’s final solution to the Jewish question during the Holocaust. From early 1942 until late 1944, trains delivered Jews to the camps gas chambers where they were killed with the pesticide Zyklon B. An estimated 1.3 million were sent and at least 1.1 million died. Around 90% of those killed were Jews.
Annelies Marie “Anne” Frank (June 12, 1929 to March 1945) was a world-famous German-born diarist and World War II Holocaust victim. Her work, The Diary of Anne Frank, has gone on to be read by millions. Fleeing Nazi persecution of Jews, the family moved to Amsterdam and later went into hiding for two years. During this time, Frank wrote about her experiences and wishes. She was 15 when the family was found and sent to concentration camps, where she died.
During WWII, Nazi parties led by Adolf Hitler systematically slaughtered millions of Jews in Europe. Work camps called concentration camps, were used to gas Jews or work them to death. Many have recorded the unspeakable horrors of this event, known as the Holocaust. The book, The Diary Of A Young Girl, by Anne Frank, offers a firsthand account of what happened to Anne and her family as they went into hiding for two years during the war. It is a record of Anne’s life in the annexe as well as her innermost thoughts during her time spend hiding.
In May 1940 the Franks were trapped in Amsterdam by the Germans. Everyone that lived in Amsterdam in their small hiding was found in August 1944 after their arrests they were all transported to concentration camps. A few months later they were all separated from each other, other than Anne and Margot they died at a camp called Auschwitz a few months after they arrived due to typhus fever. Everyone that stayed in the secret hiding place had not survived other than Otto Frank he returned to Amsterdam after the war ended after the war he found her diary that had been saved by a helper named Miep Gies. Where he found
As soon as they arrived, they underwent processing to determine whether or not they were fit for forced labor. If they were deemed unfit, they were immediately sent to the gas chambers for execution. To deceive the victims, the gas chambers were disguised as shower installations. In early October of 1944, hundreds of prisoners that were scheduled for execution rebelled, which resulted in the death of three guards and destroying a crematorium and gas chamber. The Germans quickly got a hold of the situation by killing almost all of prisoners involved in the revolt and hung the Jewish women who smuggled in the explosives used to destroy the crematorium and gas chamber.
May 20th, 1940 Nazis open up Auschwitz concentration camp Nov. 15th, 1940 Warsaw Ghetto was sealed off – Approx. 400,000 inside July 1941 Einsatzgruppen (killing squads) began to kill Jews -33,000 dead in 2 days in Babi Yar, near Kiev July 31st, 1941 The “Final Solution” was introduced Dec. 8th,1941 First extermination camp at Chelmno was
The diary of Miriam Wattenberg (“Mary Berg”) was one of the first children 's journals which revealed to a wider public the horrors of the Holocaust. Wattenberg was born in Lódz on October 10, 1924. She began a wartime diary in October 1939, shortly after Poland surrendered to German forces. The Wattenberg family fled to Warsaw, where in November 1940, Miriam, with her parents and younger sister, had to live in the Warsaw ghetto. In the summer of 1942, German officials detained Miriam, her family, and other Jews bearing foreign passports in the infamous Pawiak Prison.
Measuring were to finish from protection of Jewish property The amount of Jews that died at Westerbork was 34,313. When Westerbork was freed the last train that left Westerbork was on September 13,1944 caring 77 young children who had been taken away from their hiding by the nazis. Westerbork was liberated April 12,1945 and 876 prisoners were set free when the Canadian army came upon the camp. During the holocaust a famous girl named Anne frank came to Westerbork. She was famous because she held onto a diary the holocaust and wrote all her notes in it.Anne and her sister were killed on March 1945.Her diary is now read by millions of people all over the world.Anne frank thought that only she was going to read
holocaust. The main characters are two Jewish girls, Zlatka and Fania. They both live in ghettos, until their lives drastically change. They are both sent in cargo trains to one of the biggest death camps, Auschwitz. There, the two girls meet.