What Is Self-Determination Theory

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Many theories and concepts from the past have been proposed by different researchers to explain how the sport subculture have grabbed a hold on the academic performance of the student-athlete. Self-Determination Theory, a macro theory of human motivation and personality that concerns people 's inherent growth and innate psychological needs. It is concerned with the motivation behind the said choices people make without the external influence and interference of others. The theory was made during the 1970’s but remain true with the constant research of different researchers in the field of Psychology. According to a research that expanded on the theory, the three psychological needs motivate the self to initiate behavior and specify nutriments that are essential for psychological health and well-being of an individual. These needs are said to be universal, innate and psychological and include the need for competence, autonomy, and psychological relatedness (Deci & Ryan, 2006) . Another theory, The Hierarchical Model of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation by Vallerand (2000) which was similarly modelled by Vansteenkiste et al. (2006), viewed motivation as a hierarchy of different components and factors. He linked his model in a “causal sequence: the environment (social factors) influences perceived autonomy, competence, and relatedness (need satisfaction in SDT) that in turn influences motivation that in turn leads to outcomes” (Vallerand, 2000, p. 315 also stated by Tower,
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