The ‘Apology’ is a form of dialectic philosophy. It illustrates the charges brought upon Socrates and the self-defense he demonstrates during the trial. Socrates is accused of ‘corruption of the youth’ and ‘impiety’. Socrates is found guilty of having faith in the wrong Gods and Meletus accuses him of not acknowledging the sun and moon as gods but as masses of stone. Socrates is accused of studying things in heaven and below the earth.
Socrates was a greek philosopher who found himself in trouble with his fellow citizens and court for standing his grounds on his new found beliefs from his studies about philosophical virtue, justice, and truth. In “Apology” written by Plato, Socrates defended himself in trial, not with the goal of escaping the death sentence, but with the goal of doing the right thing and standing for his beliefs. With this mindset, Socrates had no intention of kissing up to the Athenians to save his life. Many will argue that Socrates’ speech was not very effective because he did not fight for his life, he just accepted the death sentence that he was punished with. In his speech he said, “But now it’s time to leave, time for me to die and for you to live.”
In Plato's Gorgias, it is apparent that Socrates has no desire to be a good statesman as it is defined in the eyes of the Athenians. His calculation is that Athenian rhetoricians place no reliance on facts or truth, nor are these their aim. Instead, they rely on the illusion of knowledge, and this morally weakens both themselves and their audiences. It is clear however, that if he wishes, Socrates is able to match most or all of the other statesmen in Athens, as is clearly indicated by his very eloquent speech which ends the dialogue. Additionally, under his own definition of a good statesman, it is evident that Socrates is more than qualified.
‘The Odyssey” where Odysseus tries to persuade his crew to bypass Thrinacia, the island of the sun god Helios, but they were too stubborn and insisted on landing. Due to their ignorance, and refusal to listen to Odysseus they accidentally angered the god Helios and to appease Helios Zeus sent down a thunderbolt on their ship killing all of Odysseus’s crew except himself. This is proof of how this was not entirely his fault, and how his name and reputation of being a hero shouldn’t be
Kriti Dhungel Phil 101-3001 Paper 1 2/26/2017 Crito 's first argument states that if Socrates does not escape then he will hurt Crito. Crito and Socrates had been friends for a long time and if Socrates is executed then Crito would lose really good friend and hence will be hurt. Also, Crito will gain a bad reputation because it would seem that Crito made no effort to save Socrates. No one in the country would know that it was Socrates choice to be executed and hence Crito would be blamed for not putting enough effort to save his friend.
Socrates was searching for a way to prove that relativist way of thinking was false. Relativists believe that truths were relative to culture and morality. If Socrates could undo the work of the sophists, he could prove the existence of objective facts with universal definitions. Socrates was motivated to prove them wrong because he disagreed of the pre-Socratics and wanted to undo the sophists rhetoric of training people how to win arguments with manipulation, instead of truth.
The way Odysseus replies to Telémakhos’ concern feels like he is mocking his child for thinking in a cowardly manner which is not man-like to Greeks. Homer now introduces him as “clearheaded” which is a trait given to him by Athena. He wants to remind the readers that because of Athena’s help he is able to think like an adult. But, right after calling him “clearheaded”, Homer describes him as “looked hard”. Homer putting these two descriptions beside each other emphasize on Telémakhos has changed with a god interference but deep down is still doubtful and afraid.
Ancient Era - (BCE) The Ancient Era (BCE) is the most significant because it was the era that Philosophy was born. The work that the Philosophers created in this era has made a huge impact on our world today. One of the philosophers in this era was “Thales of Miletus” he was an ancient Greek Philosopher. Thales was born in c.624 and died in 546 BCE.
The first concept that I noticed shared by Russell and Socrates was the concept that one had to remove themselves before serious philosophical contemplation could take place. In Russell 's case, he refers to the "Self" and the "Not-Self". With Socrates, as seen in the Apology, confronting his accuser about the corruption of youth, his accuser is silent because he had not given the matter any thought. Socrates awareness of his own ignorance frees him from what Russell would refer to as "Self". I mention this because it serves as a common theme even as both philosophers differ in their messages.
As Socrates is being put up for trial in Athens due to the distasteful accusations made against him In "Plato's Apology of Socrates" written by Plato, He stands firm to his philosophy that he was wiser than other men only due to the fact that he knows nothing. Socrates believes it his his duty to expose the common "wise men" knowledge as ignorance. These actions offended many, causing him to be put on death trial. Even so, Socrates manged to keep his calm and stands firm in the fact that one should never betray their own philosophy for any reason, even if the reason is death. This central message was not only greatly admired by past scholars, but also continues to influence freedom and justice in our world
Socrates defended himself well during the trial. I do not think that Socrates was guilty for anything. He was accused by Meletus for "corrupting the young”. However, there was no evidence of this. Socrates mentioned that there was no youth to testify that they were corrupted by him.