How can the events in the Stanford Prison Experiment be explained by the theory of deindividuation. Introduction Stanford Prison Experiment is a famous psychological study conducted by Philip Zimbardo in 1971. The main purpose of the experiment was to study the effects of a prison environment on the behavior of ordinary people. An artificial prison was constructed in the basement of Stanford University. Twenty-four mentally healthy men agreed to participate in this experiment for 15$ per day and were assigned to the roles of either prisoners or guards.
But, the experiment had long term effects that Zimbardo thought to be superior to the short-term effects, hence he decided to continue the experiment. Zimbardo chose to get the long-term effects instead of worrying about the short-term effects. The long-term effects of the Stanford Prison Guard experiment are that it has showed that social roles are a dominant strength in human nature. The guards and prisoners lived as though they were actually guards and prisoners.
The Stanford Prison Experiment was conducted in the year of 1871 by the psychologist and professor Philip Zimbardo. The aim of the experiment was to see if the roles as a prison guard or a prisoner would affect their behaviour towards their roles they were randomly given and their role in society. The Stanford Prison Experiment was a Social Experiment which refers to the participants of the experiment being randomly selected, as each of the 24 males who participated were either selected as a prisoner who sits in a cell and follow instructions that the prisoner guards give or being selected as a prison guard who is outside the cells giving the instructions and keeping the prisoners in line. This experiment also has many extraneous variables
Stanford Prison Experiment (1971, Zimbardo): Aim: To study the two following problems: “1. The development of norms which govern behavior in a novel situation. The creation of a psychological environment within the physical environment provided. 2. The differential perception of the same situation "the prison experience" from people who are initially comparable (from the same population) but arbitrarily assigned to play different roles.” Purpose: “A simulated prison will be established somewhere in the vicinity of Palo Alto, Stanford, to study a number of problems of psychological and sociological relevance.” Taken from: http://pdf.prisonexp.org/geninfo.pdf Participants: Educated, male, American university students, with no prior psychological issues.
Prisons in the 1971 were a truly horrific place. Not only were criminals being punished by incarceration but they were being day in and day out by cruelty of the prison staff. This corrupt system of retribution became evident to a man named Philip G. Zimbardo. Zimbardo’s initial aim of the Stanford Prison experiment was to determine if it was the environment or if it was the conflicting personalities between guards and criminals that brought about the brutality in prisons. The experiment developed into something more abstract.
The film, The Stanford Prison Experiment, is an excellent modern-day example of social constructionism. The film expertly portrays the sheer intensity of the psychological effects that a prison would have on the minds of people. As well as how, over an extended time period, the volunteers would begin
The Stanford prison experiment is one of disturbing experiment in human history. It is planned by Philip Zimbardo to grasp causes of conflicts between military personnel and prisoner. In August, 1971, He builds mock prison under the Stanford University’s basement and constructs two weeks experiment. He recruits a sample from common people and allots participants into two groups, prisoners and prison officers, by random assignment. Surprisingly, both groups adapt to their assigned role, even none of them has a mental disorder or an idiosyncrasy: the prison officers become authoritative, assaulting and abusing prisoners, and the prisoner obey to ridiculous edict and become passive and pessimistic.
After that warning, the men kept doing it. They were too afraid of the consequences of what would happen if they failed to obey orders. (Browning 315). The Stanford Prison Experiment was a study of the psychological effects of becoming a prisoner or prison guard. The experiment was supposed to last two weeks but ended up only lasting six days because of the way that people abused their power and did not do the morally right thing.
In the start of the experiment, nothing was being executed. Zimbardo was expecting to have to shut it down because there was no purpose in doing it. However, a guard mindlessly took the first small step by stirring up trouble between the guards and prisoners. This began the revolution of blind obedience to authority. The guards were blindly obeying Zimbardo while the prisoners were obeying the guards and Zimbardo.
None of the Jews knew who the officers were, and none of the officers knew who the Jews were. This allowed for the complete and total anonymity. Because of this anonymity, it was so easy for the officers to beat another human because the officers simply could not be caught because everything was anonymous. In later years, the Zimbardo experiment would should when a higher authority orders someone to do a task, most people will end up completing that task, regardless of how sadistic or harmful it may