Historians differ on what they think about the net result of the European arrival in the New World. Considering that the Columbian Exchange, which refers to “exchange of plants, animals, people, disease, and culture between Afro-Eurasia and the Americas after Columbus sailed to the Americas in 1492,” led to possibly tens of millions of deaths on the side of the American Indians, but also enabled agricultural and technological trade (Henretta et al. 42), I cannot help but reflect on whether the effects should be addressed as a historical or a moral question. The impact that European contact had on the indigenous populations of North America should be understood as a moral question because first, treating it as a historical question is difficult due to lack of reliable historical evidence; second, the meaning of compelling historical claims is contestable as the academic historian perspective tends to view the American Indian oral history as invalid; and finally, what happened to the native Indians is morally repulsive and must be discussed as such. The consequences of European contact should be answered as a moral question because historically, it is hard to be historically objective in the absence of valid and dependable historical evidence.
The Columbian Exchange refers to the monumental transfer of goods such as: ideas, foods, animals, religions, cultures, and even diseases between Afroeurasia and the Americas after Christopher Columbus’ voyage in 1492. The significance of the Columbian Exchange is that it created a lasting tie between the Old and New Worlds that established globalization and reshaped history itself (Garcia, Columbian Exchange). Worlds that had been separated by vast oceans for years began to merge and transform the life on both sides of the Atlantic (The Effects of the Columbian Exchange). This massive exchange of goods gave rise to social, political, and economic developments that dramatically impacted the world (Garcia, Columbian Exchange). During this time,
The Columbian Exchange between the new world and the old world significantly change people’s lives. After 1492, Europeans brought in horses to America which changes the nomadic Native American groups’ living from riding on buffalos to horses. This interchange also change the diet of the rest of the world with foods such as corns (maize), potatoes which are major diet for European nowadays. Besides all the animals from old world to the new world, Spanish also brought in the diseases that Native Americans were not immune of, such as smallpox which led to a large amount of Native Americans’ deaths.
America’s discovery and the formation of Triangular Trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas drove many new advancements in technology and economics. For example, inflation caused the capitalism’s popularity to rise, new goods were discovered, and European empires thrived. As the Europeans discovered, the Americas contained many resources such as silver, gold, spices, and other valuable goods that were sold to make a surplus of profit. Later on, such resources were farmed using African American slave labor. Quote A exemplifies the benefits for many upper class Europeans and American slave owners.
1. The development of agriculture experienced a diversification among the people of the region. It also experienced in the Northwest an economic development as well as social diversification and the developing of hunting and foraging. 2. Many Native American societies emerged to the North of Mexico.
Christopher Columbus and his crew cruised the sea in the year of 1492. Although unintentional, these western explorers were responsible for the revelation of North America . This discovery has been known to be the reason for the Columbian Exchange. The Columbian exchange was the widespread transfer of merchandise For example, animals, plants, culture, human population, and even diseases. With this immense change on the world, came incredible sadness, despair, and negative impacts in the
During the thousands of years before the arrival of European contact, the Native American people developed an inventive and creative culture. They had created a very well round colonization among the extensive land. The year 1492 the Spaniards allowed for Christopher Columbus's voyage of discovery began a series of developments. Columbus traveling in hopes of finding faster route to Asia for trade and riches. While he never truly ended up there, the new found land was viewed as an opportunity for new riches.
The Columbian Exchange was a widespread trade of animals, plants, and diseases. This system allowed us to have access to these items in our everyday lives. I have never realized how much we all have taken many items for granted. For instance, If it wasn 't for the Columbian Exchange, I wouldn 't be able stay awake for my morning classes. I drink a cup of coffee every morning in order to get through my morning classes.
The term “Columbian Exchange” is used to describe the period of time in the fifteenth and sixteenth century following Christopher Columbus’ arrival to America (Crosby, 1972). This event kicked of a series of events that resulted in agricultural products, cattle, microbes, and ideas all being exchanged between America, also known as “The New World”, and Afro-Eurasian, also known as “The Old World”. These events would transform the entire world forever. Even though this term describes what took place starting in 1492, it was not until Alfred Crosby wrote “The Columbian Exchange” in 1972 that the term became widely accepted and used by most historians. Many of these ideas that were exchanged such as a written alphabet and new farming capabilities
During the early 15th century, there were thousands of groups of people with distinct cultures and languages spread across the Americas. Their lifestyles varied from hurters to farmers. Because of the diversity and complexity, civilizations rose and fell even before Christopher Columbus’s voyage. When Columbus sailed across the Atlantic Ocean, there were about 50 million people living on the Americas. Their lives drastically changed from the arrival of the Europeans.
In 1492, just as the Reconquista ended in Spain, Christopher Columbus left for Asia. Spain would later create one of the largest empires in history. Expelling Jews and muslims, Ferdinand and Isabella highly centralized the Catholic bureaucracy and founded a strongly Catholic Spain (Norton 16). Also, increased competition with Portugal motivated the Spanish to explore this new route to Asia. Influence from the current cultural events shaped the motives for Spanish exploration.