It can be argued that the Missouri Compromise not only put off the start of the Civil War, but was also a cause. Many contributing factors led up to the Civil War in the years following the passing after the Missouri Compromise. Years after the Missouri Compromise went into effect, Congress passed the Tariff Act of 1833, sometimes called the Compromise Tariff. This was proposed by Henry Clay, and called for the gradual reduction of tariffs, ending the Nullification Crisis. In 1846, United States’ President James Polk requested 2 million dollars to purchase land from Mexico following the Mexican-American War.
Slavery became a key issue in the arguments of the north and the south. The south was very agricultural while the north was industrial. The south feared the declaration of freedom for the slaves by government leaders in the north. Government officials at the time were not interested in ending Slavery in the slave states, but instead in keeping newly admitted states from becoming slave states. The first official disagreement of this came in 1820.
It was possible for them to both believe that slavery should not be taking place. “The Lincoln-Douglas Debates were a defining event in American Politics”(Goldfield,389). Lincoln was a prominent lawyer in the years prior to being elected president and returned after his presidency. Lincoln represented blacks in courts where he fought for their rights to remain free, but also during the 1830s and 1840s represented slave owners. He occasionally expressed views that it was wrong to own humans, but as politician during that time, he knew he couldn’t run on a position that emphasized slavery(Black).
The ‘Civil War’ Amendments The 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments were all deemed to be the Civil War amendments. In the US Constitution of 1787 US Constitution Amendment Abolishes slavery & involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, by the House on January 31, 1865, and adopted by the States on December 6, 1865. On December 18, 1865, Secretary of State William H. Seward proclaimed it to have been enacted. It was the first of the three Reconstruction Amendments adopted following the American Civil War.
The Wilmot Proviso was proposed during the Mexican-American War. David Wilmot (a Democrat) submitted the Wilmot Proviso. The Proviso meant that if the United States won they would not turn the Mexican people who were on the land into slaves. This passed through the House of Representatives (based on population), but not the Senate (equal number of reps from slave and free states). In order for the Wilmot Proviso to be passed it needed at least two thirds of the Senate, (did not happen).
Due to the Missouri Compromise, new states in the North were automatically free states. The Northerns started to hate slavery and wanted to push other states to become free states. The South could not let this happen because their economy depending on slavery. Since the slave masters did not have to pay their workers, everything they sold was 100% profit to the South. If slavery was abolished, they’d have to find other ways to farm their plantations and would undoubtedly make less money.
However, the Amendment would not be felt in all states without the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction or widely known as the ten percent plan. The Amnesty and Reconstruction Act will pardon the Confederate States if ten percent of its legislative voters take an “oath in support the Constitution and all its acts and proclamations made by Congress and the president concerning slavery.” Lincoln’s ten percent plan was not well supported by his party for it was far too lenient to ‘rebels; ' nevertheless, Lincoln was beyond the conflicts of North and South but aimed at mending the Union effort in a peaceful if not forceful
During his presidency he supported slavery and states’ rights. He fought against the National Bank and opposed the form of currency currently in place. However, what is remembered most for was his part in relocating the Native Americans in what was named the “Indian Removal Act”. Andrew Jackson served in office only two terms and did not seek a third. Vice president Martin Van Buren became the eight president
In the summer of 1864, the Radical Republicans passed a new bill to counter the plan, known as the Wade–Davis Bill. These radicals believed that Lincoln 's plan was too lenient, and this new bill would make readmission into the Union more difficult. The Bill stated that for a state to be readmitted, the majority of the state would have to take a loyalty oath, not just ten percent. Lincoln later pocket-vetoed this
The Proclamation would free all slaves in territories that were in rebellion. On January 1, 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation again. This time the executive order did proclaim that all slaves that lived in states that were in rebellion were free, but the Proclamation did not free many slaves. This proclamation did not free slaves that were in states that were already under the control of the Union, fighting on the Union’s side. States that were in rebellion did not follow the executive order made by the president because they were rebelling against the government.
The Civil War was mainly fought over slavery and secession. If we had just been allowed to secede that wouldn 't have to happen. The 620,000 thousand people who died would still be alive because there was no war. No one would have to pay for the damage done in the Civil War because there was no Civil War so that would help with the debt. We could’ve decided what our laws were instead of going to war over them and we could’ve taken over what states we wanted instead of fighting the North for them.
Nat Turner’s rebellion was the first successful slave rebellion. 16. The Compromise of 1850 was created to end slavery issues. California was allowed into the Union as a free state while New Mexico and Utah allowed slaves in their
One issue they faced concerned how they would count slaves for legislative purposes. The free North states thought slaves shouldn’t be counted at all because it would give the slave states an unfair representation due to the high slave population. However, the South disagreed for they feared the Northern states would have a substantial population advantage if the slaves were not counted. They worried that the Northern states would use such an advantage against them to regulate or even abolish slavery. To appease the slavery states they enacted the Three-Fifths Compromise.
The president encouraged congress to provide financial aid to any slave states willing to adopt plans of The Emancipation, and also funds to the people in the colonies of the African descent with their consent. The Emancipation Proclamation did not include the areas that had already been conquered by Union Armies. The North benefited from the Emancipation Proclamation in several ways. The slaves from the south fled to the north to become free but that put a hurting on the south economy. The proclamation also gave renewed purpose to Union Soldiers, who now saw their cause as abolition as well as the preservation of the union.