American Imperialism Imperialism by the book is the policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political or military territories. The time period where the US exampled imperialism was very important for our country because the US was able to grow with the new territories that were gained and the economic gain from the new market that were acquired. The spread of American culture was also a big concept during this time in the countries history. The United States exhibited imperialism between 1890-1920 through military strength, new markets, and cultural superiority. Throughout the time period of 1890 to 1920 there was a desire for military strength as the whole world was competing against each other. Admiral T. Mahan of the Navy …show more content…
Emilio Aguinaldo led a rebellion in the Philippines when he heard of the plans that the United States was going to annex their country. The American military imposed authority by defeating the Filipino rebels over a long period of time. The aftermath of the situation included a war cost of $400 million, which is 20 times what the US paid for the island. This event shows the strength of the military because the soldiers were able to hold off the Filipino rebels not only for a long period of time, but they also defeated them helping America claim the Philippines. The second example of the military strength of the United States is the installation of naval bases in Pearl Harbor in Hawaii and Guantanamo Bay in Cuba. After the annexation of Hawaii, US military and economic leaders knew that the Hawaiian Islands had value so they pressured Hawaii to allow the United States to build a naval base at Pearl Harbor. The base became a refueling station for American ships. When establishing the Cuban constitution, the United States insisted that Cuba add provisions to their constitution, which were known as the Platt Amendment. One of the provisions in the Platt Amendment was that America was able to buy or lease …show more content…
First, the acquisition of Alaska proved itself to be a great new market for the United States. William Seward, who was the Secretary of State under presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, planned to buy Alaska from Russia. He had trouble persuading the House of Representatives and the public that the purchase of Alaska was a good idea and no one believed him. Over time, after the purchase of Alaska, the new land proved itself to the country by being rich in timber, minerals, and oil. The purchase of Alaska created a new market for the US by growing the oil trade, and by adding timber and minerals to the trade list. Second, the Open Door Policy in China made sure that China would always be open for trade. China was weakened by war and foreign intervention from so many different countries, multiple countries build prosperous settlements along the coast of China. To make sure that American traders would not b shut out from China’s markets, John Hay issued the Open Door Notes, which are letters addressed to the leaders of imperialist nations proposing that the nations share their trading rights with the United States. This meant that one nation could not control all of China’s markets creating a monopoly. This is important with new markets because America is reassuring a relationship with China that will last awhile through trade. In the years 1890 to 1920, new
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Many events followed after the war was formally declared on Spain. An American fleet destroyed a Spanish fleet in Manila Bay in the Philippines, effortlessly on May 1st. The commander of the fleet was Commodore George Dewey. The total casualty report was seven wounded from that battle. An American expeditionary force landed east of the Cuban City of Santiago in June.
The United States was not interested in having people with different cultures, languages, and religions where an older generation of moralists thought it violate a core principle of republicanism, while a younger generation believed that the United States had a role to uplift backward societies. When the foreign policy changed after 1890, the US became an imperialist nation. After the United States bought Alaska from Russia the US quickly decided to look into overseas. Their plan was to take over other foreign lands and slowly gain an empire, and soon become a world power. The two major causes for US expansion after 1890 were for economic benefits and military control overseas.
This expansion included the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam, granting the US significant strategic advantages in the Pacific and the Caribbean. The Spanish-American War showcased the growing prowess of the US Navy. Admiral George Dewey, who led the successful attack on the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay, declared, "You may fire when you are ready, Gridley," a phrase that has become synonymous with American naval power. This victory established the United States as a force to be reckoned with on the global stage. The war also influenced global affairs,
Imperialism and its consequences Imperialism is the term that describes one nation’s dominance over another nation or territory. In the 1800s there were four types of imperialisms, which were; Colonial imperialism, Economic Imperialism, Political Imperialism, and the Socio-Cultural Imperialism. Colonial Imperialism, this form of imperialism is virtual complete takeover of an area, with domination in all areas: economic, political, and socio-cultural. Economic Imperialism, this form of imperialism allowed the area to operate as its own nation, except for the trading and other businesses.
Imperialism was a controversial idea that a nation can extend its power outward through means of diplomatic or military force. This often results in a shift of power from one major force currently in control to another. The people of that nation under control conflict may also experience wars, rebellions, or cultural destruction. Looking at some of these events, we see some positives and negatives of imperialistic action taken by the United States, and how it affected the nations imperialized by the United States. For starters, let’s look at Hawaii’s annexation.
The Americans, however, deemed it appropriate for them to take advantage of Spain’s loss. The Americans had a conflict with Spain regarding Cuba. Throughout the time when they had Spain as a rival, they surely would have already known about the other areas their opponent holds, including the Philippines. The archipelago was in a good strategic place in Asia and had a
At the start of the 19th century, America was already expanding its territory. In 1803, the United States of America had bought the Louisiana Territory, it was bought from France which had made the country two times larger. In 1819 Spain had given up their territory of Florida to the United States. President Monroe issued the “Monroe Doctrine” in 1823, its main purpose was to warn the European countries to not enter the Western Hemisphere. In order for America to achieve its goal of becoming an imperialist nation they had conquered other countries economically, culturally, and with a strong military in the late 1800’s.
Sandalwood from Hawaii could then be sold to China and all of the profit would go to America, therefore increasing its economy. Hawaii also had sugar to offer. The sugar industry was big and brought in a lot of money, America saw this as an opportunity to obviously increase the economy. Of course,
Imperialism means that one country controls all political, economic, or cultural life in another country or region. Europe successfully did this in the Americas and established colonies in South Asia, Africa, and China. Although this would seem like a substantial amount of power, Europe did not gain much influence until later on. Once Europe recognized their own growing control, they embarked on what is now called the “New Imperialism”. Many components played into this seemingly rapid success, but one significant reason was that of the
History | Unit 4 | Lesson 16: A New Century Unit Test © 2009 K12 Inc. All rights reserved. Page 2 of 3 Copying or distributing without K12’s written consent is prohibited.
American imperialism is economically, socially, and politically damaging to countries, as well as costly for America. Furthermore, it infringes upon national sovereignty and the right to self-governance. Historical cases have shown the detrimental repercussions America has repeatedly caused. The few cases of success should not undermine the calamitous effects American neo-imperialism has caused. The United States should cede its colonies and stop intervening in the affairs of other nations.
The economic interest for America was to support the industrial boom of the 1800s the U.S. needed. The United States had limited raw resources and to make more money for new markets. The only way was industries nations by taking non-industrialized nations to use their raw materials and expand markets. America wanted to annex the Philippines
The June 1914 assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by the Serbian Black Hand Group, caused Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia. As their allies got involved this conflict grew into World War I (WWI). This event wasn’t the real cause of the war, it was just the spark that started it. Most people would say the causes were imperialism, nationalism, alliances and militarism.
What is imperialism? Imperialism is an approach to expand a nation’s power and their influences over other lands. Empires would look for expansion in their rule over other countries like Africa, Asia, and the Middle East starting in the 1870s and continued until 1914. But, was Imperialism beneficial for developing nations? Imperialism benefited developing nations from the positive aspects of technological advancements, economic gain, and political power.