As previously stated, both the Han Dynasty and the Roman empire were able to incorporate everyone around them into their empires. In addition, both empires had an economy based on agriculture. The Roman agriculture system was primarily based on large plantations that depended on slave labor.
The Roman empire was based on slavery: slavery on a massive scale. Therefore The success and spoils of Roman wars meant that slaves were everywhere putting regular Roman citizens out of work. This solution was not ideal but no rich Romans (patricians) seemed willing to compromise and give up their slaves. Attempts were made to base taxes on the numbers of slaves owned but the rich simply freed their slaves to avoid taxation and then added on still to the numbers of unemployed.
WT Notebook Journal 2 During the period of the Early Empire, Roman expansion and change marked the end of the Roman Republic. Growth changed the ideal of the republic and new problems surfaced within Rome itself. Increase power in the Senate which led to a less democratic society and increase military power for the Greeks as well as civil wars between Rome and the provinces were some of the political changes that were prompted by Roman expansion. Socio-economical changes like high taxes due to the wars and movement towards cities, increase unemployment, and income disparity caused by the dispute between patricians and the plebeian were promoted by Roman expansion.
Learning Journal Task 8 Discuss how the provinces affected the general Roman economy. Introduction “Provincia,” in Latin words for a province, are any territories outside of Italy and subjected to Rome (The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 1979). Through conquest, Rome was expanded by the acquisition of provinces. These provinces provided food, taxes, metals, and other sources to Rome. In turn, the provinces were given peace and stability through garrisons of Roman soldiers and governed by governors.
The map of Foreign Invasions of the Roman Empire shows the territory of the Roman Empire and how many different people were migrating near Rome, some even reaching the city itself. All of these migrations of people led to Rome being invaded often, as everyone wanted a piece of Rome’s riches. (Doc C) This evidence means that Rome suffered greatly from the migrations of people around them. The constant invasions and attacks Rome had to defend itself against contributed to their fall.
Due to lack of funding to urban upkeep, those who weren't wealthy lived in horrible and menacing conditions. Soon, those with money vacated Rome to live on private estates, and they constructed private armies to defend their land. In the cities, inflation had maximized the prices of goods extensively, and the Western part of the Roman Empire fell apart. The Eastern Empire sustained a alter of power.
The expansion of the Roman Empire led to a greater divide between the rich and poor, a heavy reliance on agriculture, and more war. Those are just a few of the social, economic, and political changes that occurred in the Roman Empire during its expansion. In documents 5, 6, 7, and 9, the social changes of the Roman Empire are brought to light. Document 5 illustrates how the divide between the rich and poor classes widened.
Legions started to demand higher pay resulting in raised taxes. Also the desire for goods from outside the empire grew making less economic growth within Rome. As more products were shipped to Rome pirates started to steal more and more items making stores go out of business back on the mainland. High tariffs were placed on imported goods in a desperate attempt to get money flowing back into Rome. Furthermore the lack of new conquests also instigated the decrease of money flow into Rome because they were not stealing gold.
First, the amount of casualties in numerous wars, such as the Punic Wars in which 300,000 were estimated to have died, negatively impacted the number of Roman farmers. The farmers were known as the backbone of Rome at the time. Land reforms called latifundias started developing. These estates would buy out small farms and turn the free workers into slaves. These reforms became really popular because they
In Ancient Rome, slavery was an integral part of the Roman society and economy. Slaves were either conquered or purchased, and their various skills and labors greatly contributed to Rome’s success. Romans arguably invested so much energy into slave labor that they failed to nurture innovation. Slaves made up roughly 10- 15% of the Roman population.
How did slaves affect the daily Roman economy? Introduction Inspired by the Greeks, the Romans instituted slavery on a widespread scale throughout their empire (Scheidel, 2010, p.2). Some scholars place the percentage of slaves in the entire population of the Roman Empire as high as 33% (Kamm, 2009a). Subsequently, the substantial scope of the slave practice had profound effects on the dynamics of the Roman economy.
Regarding economy, the bases old Greece and old Rome was agriculture. Greeks lived on little wheat creating ranches however had poor days due to shameful agribusiness rehearses while Romans had turned towards estates, delivering olive oil and wine. Socially, both the Greek and Roman believed in a hierarchy. Greece isolated their social frameworks into five classes: slaves, freedmen, natives and ladies.
Ancient Rome had a well organized government that had many purposes that helped them create an amazing civilization. I studied 5 difference purposes of government to learn more about Ancient Rome. Those were the following: public services, protect rights, rule of law, prepare for a common defense, and support the economic system. The Roman Republic had amazing features.