Hydrated Lime The results show that hydrated lime increased the intermediate temperature stiffness of the PG 64 - 22 binder. Hydrated lime showed to improve the fatigue properties of the aged binder. It could decrease the fatigue parameter by 23% which is a desired result when cracking due to aging is a concern. The mixing was done at three percentages: 1%, 2%, 3% . The lowest aging index was found to be at 2% by weight of the binder.
This is what prevents the spots from becoming darker during the 15 minute reflux process. The initial amount was 2.003 grams and the end product weighed 1.468 grams. The results show that the crude sample that was made from the lab had around the same purity with that of the known sample, thus, the experiment was
The possible explanations and changes to make are similar to the previous questions. Conclusion and Future Experiment 18. The identity of the product and unknown were 4-tert-butylbenzyl phenol ether and tert-butyl phenol respectively. The key to making this discovery was the melting point and TLC results! The substitution reaction was successful but not fully effective.
Results and Discussion The effects of ultrasound, electric field strength, the time of applying the field and sonication time on a number of E. coli, and energy consumption of the process in mint distillate were investigated. As shown in Table (), the full quadratic model for the data had a significant effect on the reduction of E. coli in the samples of mint distillate. The adjusted determination coefficient, standard error and coefficient of variation (C.V) of the model were equal to 0.9984, 0.049 and 2.39, respectively. According to ANOVA (Table 1-4), with the exception of the electric field strength coefficient* sonication time and the time of applying the electric field * sonication time, other coefficients of the variables in the model
The 1:1 hexane to ethyl acetate solvent resulted in the best separation because it not only showed extra spots that the other solvent mixtures did not have, but also the 4 spots were relatively dispersed with Rf values at 0.77, 0.56, 0.27, and 0.10 (Figure 2). Missing spots were also noted on the hexane only TLC plate. The orange eluent was ultimately chosen as our major product because it had significantly different TLC results than the 3 yellow eluents with the same Rf of 0.23 (Figure 3). The percent yield for this purification method was 248% and the extrapolated percent purified yield was around 135 %, which are both erroneously high. These high percent yield may be due to extra water weight or not fully evaporated
In this experiment, the dark blue colour is visible because of the helical amylose and amylopectin reacting with iodine (Travers et al., 2002). The starch-iodide complex forms because of the transfer of charge between the starch and iodide ion and results in spacing between the energy levels. This allows the complex to absorb light at different wavelengths resulting in a dark blue colour (Travers et al., 2002). A blue colour would indicate a positive test while a yellow colour would show a negative test. The Benedict’s test is useful for reducing sugars.
On the other hand, some other authors prefer combined 4th ray amputation and 5th ray radial translocation achieving better functional results in the form of 83% pinch strength, 80% grip strength in comparison to the healthy side. In addition the ROM of the MPJ was 78? . In another study, patients with single ray amputation with translation of the adjacent digit showed 28% grip, 13% key pinch, and 26% oppositional pinch strength loss compared with the non-injured hand. Furthermore, gross hand function as measured by the MRM test and fine finger dexterity as measured by the TGP test showed 12% and 24% loss, respectively (6).
The temperature of the sulphuric acid was not measured throughout the experiment, however the room in which the experiment was conducted was kept constant, so the chance of any large error due to unknown temperature of the sulphuric acid was most likely reduced. The amount of sulphuric acid used was also controlled by measuring 100mL with a 100mL measuring cylinder to ensure that the results would be consistent. The volume of the agar cubes was calculated from the surface area of each agar cube, both before and after they had been in the sulphuric acid. This increased the reliability of the results as it allowed the rate of diffusion of the sulphuric acid into the agar cubes to be calculated more accurately. The concentration of the acid was 0.1M, which was placed in all three agar cubes to maintain consistency of results.
The results are expressed as endotoxin units (EU), which is a measure of endotoxin potency rather than the quantity. This reflects the variability in toxicity of naturally occurring LPS (rapidmicrobiology n.d.). The chromogenic method uses a synthetic substrate that brings about a colour change when it is cleaved by endotoxin-activated protease. The turbidimetric method on the other hand, relies on the a coagulin gel cot forming which will alter the turbidity of the sample. Both the turbidimetric and the chromogenic methods can be used as quantitative kinetic methods simply by plotting standard curves of time vs endotoxin concentration.
Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed). Table 17 show a Pearson Correlation was run to determine the relationship between Intellectual Stimulation and Job Satisfaction in a Transformational Leadership. There was a weak, positive correlation between Intellectual Stimulation and job satisfaction, which was statiscally significant (r=0.367, n = 110, p =