The play, The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller demonstrates the implications of a society in complete chaos over an irrational fear of witchcraft in the town of Salem, Massachusetts. Fear plays an immense role in the way people make their decisions, such as when the characters of Danforth and Mary Warren resort to hypocrisy when no other options remain. Danforth and Mary Warren both embody hypocrisy, as seen when Mary says she cannot lie anymore and then lies when she becomes scared for her life, and Danforth when saying lying will send a person to Hell, but then forcing people to choose between lying and death. Mary Warren exemplifies hypocrisy extraordinarily well in the scene when she and Proctor travel to the courthouse so she can confess that the girls have pretended everything and they never actually saw spirits. Upon arriving in the court Mary Warren says, “I cannot lie no more.
Macbeth was contemplating the consequences of murdering Duncan and foresees his future of being overthrown by righteousness. He is worried that “This even-handed justice/ Commends th’ ingredience if our poisoned chalice/ To our own lips.” (1.7.10-12). Macbeth, at this point, have not been obsessed with lust for power. He raised self-awareness that the violence he used to wrongly proclaim himself king will be used to take vengeance against him. Such violence made him a “tyrant” and eventually killed by Macduff in anger of Macbeth’s crimes.
In conclusion, abigail had to lie to her uncle to protect herself from being thrown into jail. All throughout the story of the crucible Reverend Paris is so overly self-conscious about his reputation he only cares if his version of his truth sets him free. During the court he would always butt into conversations and push them into the direction that he wanted, by saying things like “They’ve come to overthrow the court, sir!” (III. 156) which would throw the whole court into a tizzy and direct any type of accusation towards him in a opposite direction. Parris needs has to always be on his toes and wonder if the lie he told is going to get him through the rough patch known as the salem
In act three, Danforth is faced with written evidence, Mary Warren who will testify, and two men, determined to fight for their wives. Instead of seeing the flaws in the girls, he sees the flaws in the men before him. He damns Proctor to death because he 's going against the court. He had the power to put someone to death and he increased the fear of witchcraft be believing these girls.
In the beginning of the play, Macbeth meets the three witches, who told him that he would be the King of Scotland. Macbeth ends up murdering King Duncan. In the middle of the play, Macbeth keeps getting over confident in himself and ends up murdering more people for the power of Scotland. In the end of the play, there are many people that are against Macbeth and he ends up losing his life in the process for power. The beliefs in supernatural caused Macbeth downfall throughout the play “we so fully feel that any glimpse into the spirit-world would effect in ourselves a profound mental revulsion, that we intuitively extend to Macbeth a more indulgent opinion of his great crimes” (Bucknill).
Contempt Machiavelli argues is something to be avoided. “A shrewd prince will lay his foundations on what is under his own control...He should simply take pains not to be hated” (Machiavelli 47). This is the establishment of a theme that Machiavelli continues through the rest of the book, the theme distilled is that a loathed prince cannot remain in power for his people will not support someone they hate and welcome his demise. Machiavelli then dedicates the entirety of chapter XIX to avoiding hatred. Creon of course though his execution of Antigone earns the hatred of his people and is unable to retain his rule because of the lack of support from his people.
Characters were portrayed as what society wanted them to be, not who they really were, and they have caused themselves pain because of that. In The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne uses symbolism, to show how guilt can destroy someone. Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale has caused himself pain mentally and physically. “His brain often reeled and visions seemed to flit before him." (Hawthorne 100).
The title character imagines the results of his brutal act against Duncan but kills him nonetheless. Afterward, he expresses fresh guilt by simultaneously divulging and withholding the open secret of his deed. After murdering Banquo, the feast honoring him demonstrates Macbeth’s further derangement, but his gradual insanity does not excuse the subsequent cold-blooded massacre of an entire family. Lady Macbeth tries to save herself by masking her husband’s instability, but ultimately, her sleepwalking spell places her own mental illness on display. This goes to show that it is not always easy for people in a position of power - or anyone, for that matter - to face their weaknesses head-on and admit that at some point in their lives, they need
However, this turns to hate for the witches as he is double crossed by them and they start telling him prophecies such as “Be bloody, bold, and resolute. Laugh to scorn the power of man, for none of woman born shall harm Macbeth.” Which gives him a false sense of security that eventually is ruined by learning that Macduff was cut out of the womb instead of a regular birth (IV,I,79-81). The double meanings of the witches’ prophecies are always learned to late by Macbeth and one that originally gives hope to Macbeth
This irrational decision leads to the uproar of the Capulet family which makes the decision of Romeo’s banishment. This causes heartache for Romeo and Juliet, who now have increased their chances of not being together. As the story continues, Romeo decides to return to see Juliet after he hears that she has “died”. Andrews explains that this rash decision only makes things worse: “He disregards the Prince’s prohibition against further bloodshed and takes the enactment of ‘Justice’ into his own hands” (Andrews). Andrews explains that Romeo pushes aside his prohibition and his irrational attribute rises to try to take control of the circumstance.