What Is The Impact Of Indian Culture In Native American Culture

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CHAPTER THREE RESISTING NARATIVES: CULTURAL RESILIENCE IN SILKO’S CEREMONY AND BRUCHAC’S CODE TALKER The Native Americans, the first inhabitants of the Americas, migrated from Siberia by crossing the Beringia, a land bridge which connected Siberia to present day Alaska over 30,000 years ago. Their migration stopped about 11,000 years ago with the submergence of the land bridge by the rising ocean floor. These early inhabitants, named Paleoamericans, settled in the new land they reached and soon branched out into many hundreds of culturally distinct nations and kindreds. The first settlers of the Americas occupied three great regions in North America- the Southwest, Great Plains and the Eastern Woodlands. They were nomadic and at first survived through hunting and fishing. Later they adapted agriculture due to the climatic change in the area and the discovery of the maize plant (corn). Maize, squash, and beans were their major agricultural products. By 1492 there were over 300 separate Native American tribes in America. Now US government has recognized more than 370 separate tribes or Indian Peoples in America. A variety of terms are used interchangeably to refer to America’s indigenous populations like “Indians,” “North Americans,” “American Indians,” “Native Peoples” and “Indigenous Peoples.” The terms the Natives use to refer to themselves vary regionally and generationally. While many older Natives identify themselves as "Indians," the younger

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