Missouri Compromise (1820) Introduction This paper will explain and analyze the Missouri Compromise (1820). As the U.S. added territories, the issue of slavery resulted in political tension between the north and south. The southerners believed that slaves were needed to continue farming in the new lands and they attempted to introduce slave states in the west.
The divided opinion amongst the Justices illustrated the divided nation (Scott v. Sandford 1875). When the Dred Scott case came to the Supreme Court, the nation was in a time of great divide, with pro and antislavery groups arguing about whether new states should enter the nation as "slave" states, where slavery was legal, or "free" states, where slavery was illegal. The nation was on the verge of violent conflict over the issue and Congress was too divided to do anything (Pearson Education Inc. 2005). This argument was heightened by the establishment of the Missouri Compromise of 1820, which had some territories enter the nation as slave states and others as free states (Independence Hall Association 2013).
Before 1820, political strain grew between the slave and free states. Since the United States had eleven slave states and eleven free states, any new state would cause unequal representation in the Senate. The North, also known as the Union, wanted all new states admitted to not have any slavery. The South, or the Confederacy needed all new
Consequently, the North and the South developed different societies and economies. During the 1830s, the abolitionist movement in the North viewed slavery as an immoral act and urged the end of slavery, which took away the liberty of slaves. In response to the abolitionism, many Southerners became more determined to defend slavery. This led to the splitting of free and slaves states. The North would have free states and the South would have slave states.
It once and for all put an end to the system of slavery in America. But at the same time gave rise to many problems: interracial conflicts and inability to yesterday's slaves and their owners to live in the same area. Introduction A. At the beginning of the second half of the XIX century from 19-million population of America, as many as four million were slaves. At this time, in 1860, the 16th president becomes a national hero and liberator of America American slaves Abraham Lincoln.
Due to the empresario system hundreds of slave-holding farmers settled into Mexico’s northern territory and by 1836 the population ratio in Coahuila y Texas was ten whites to every one Spanish-speaker. This caused some conflict because slavery was against the law in Mexico, yet there were hundreds of slave-holding families settled on Mexican territory. This conflict caused the Texas Revolution and the creation of the “Lone Star Republic.” But Sam Houston, the first president of Texas, wanted the United States or Great Britain to annex Texas in order to assume the debts of Texas. As a result,
This act was passed by the US Congress in 1850 as part of the compromise of 1850. This act was on of the most controversial factors of the 1850 compromise and heightened the North’s fear of a slave power conspiracy. It required that all escaped slaves, upon capture to be returned to their masters and that citizens and officials form free states had to cooperate in this act. Bounties were often put on escaped slaves heads to help capture them. Oftentimes, free slaves were captured in free states because of this act and resold or returned to original masters.
Did you know that more men died the Civil War than any other American conflict, and one third of the dead perished from disease? The American Civil War was the war fought between the Union and Confederacy from 1861 to 1865 over the issue of slavery and state’s rights. The main issues leading up to the Civil War were Missouri’s statehood, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and the Election of 1860. One of the main causes of the Civil War was the issue of Missouri becoming a state.
The developing difference between the North and the South, primarily with the issue of slavery caused sectionalism between the nation. Sectionalism occurs when a region of the country is more important to the people than the interests of the whole country. Specific events pertaining to westward expansion, particularly the Missouri Compromise, the Compromise of 1850, the Dred Scott court case, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and the John Brown court case were fundamental causes of the Civil War. In 1819, Missouri requested admission to the Union under a slave state.
The Missouri Compromise was a compromise that admitted Missouri to the union as a slave state and Maine as a free state. This kept the balance between slave states and free states. However, the compromise also declared that no slave states were to be permitted above the 36°30’ line that would stretch to the Pacific. This resulted in division among the United States. Another event that assisted the Civil War was Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
The Compromise of 1850 was an effort by the United States Congress that was drafted by Henry Clay, who was both the U.S. Senator and the House Representative of Kentucky. This compromise was a series of acts passed in 1850, attempted to reconcile Northern and Southern interests to preserve the Civil War. After the start of the Mexican-American War, conflicts about whether to allow slavery in those new territories to polarized Northern and Southern of the United States raised up. Northerners were in favor the Compromise, since they thought it’s a good chance to stop slavery. On the other hand, Southerners were against it, they thought it threatened their political power because the join of territory--California would disturb the balance of 15 free states and 15 slave states.
The Missouri compromise was an agreement between the north and south. It allowed Missouri to be the 24th state. Maine was also established, therefore Missouri was a free state. The Mason Dixon line was established, this created a line between the slave and free states. This rule was broken, and even more conflict was contributed to the start of the civil war.
How the Civil War Came to Be Was the Civil War very “civil” at all? The Civil War had many factors that led into it but there was one major factor that started the war. Slavery was one of the biggest factors in the Civil War. There was a big issue that divided the North and South which was slavery. The wide spread of slavery was a big deal to most Americans; but some were not the biggest fans of the concept.
In the 19th century, the idea of the Manifest Destiny came to rise, which believed that America was destined to expand outwards. At the same time, as America grew westward, sectionalism and tension between states also grew. These two events are connected, as many aspects of westward expansion impacted the development of sectionalism, like the Missouri Compromise, the Compromise of 1850, the Mexican-American War, and the annexation of Texas. The examination of these specific events reveals that the westward expansion affected the development of sectionalism from 1820 to 1850 in the North and South and the underlying theme of slavery.