He describes the Harding case from the early encounter with Harry Daugherty to when Harding died of a stroke and viewed as “one of the worst presidents in the American history”. The fact that Gladwell started his piece with a mistaken judgement made by the public of America rather than an insight of what he is going to talk about also set the tone for the rest of the writing. In addition to historical knowledge, Gladwell appears to possess understanding of the psychology principles behind people’s behavior. In the second section called “Blink in Black and White”, he introduces the readers to scientific terms like “implicit associations” or “Implicit Association Test”, and a group of researchers behind
Actually, it is the Broken Windows One need look no further than the introduction to Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything to find an example of the flaws in the new paradigm being presented. By way of introduction to their exploration of the hidden side of everything, Steven Levitt and Stephen Dubner address the question of crime in America. They run through the history of crime as it got worse between the 1960s and the 1980s, and why it was reduced, dramatically, during the 1990’s. This question is considered in more detail in a separate chapter entitled “Where have all the criminals gone?
The book when the wall came down was written by serge Schemann the story is a non fiction and it 's all about a author fore the New York Times named serge how is writhing an article about the Berlin Wall being taken down after the wars were all finished. Which can be found in the chapter six from page 50-56 . It was also about both sides of the wall the east Germany and west Germany sides one was with the U.S. And the other side is under control of the Soviet Union with all there conflicts.
The significance of the events that occurred at the Abu Ghraib Prison is evident as Zimbardo goes on to mention his realization that the happenings are directly parallel to the results found during the Stanford Prison Experiment (SPE). He points out that just like the unprepared US Military personnel in Abu Ghraib, the students chosen to play the roles of guards in the SPE were forced to operate the
“Morality, like art, means drawing a line someplace. ”- Oscar Wilde Compare and contrast the ways in which F Scott Fitzgerald and Ian McEwan present moral conflict within ‘The Great Gatsby’ and ‘Atonement’ paying due attention to other critical views and contextual factors. Conflicting moral judgement is a common theme in both novels, Atonement and The Great Gatsby, as shown by their protagonists.
“Sixty years after the publication of Nineteen Eighty-Four, it is hard to think of any major institution not open to the epithet “Orwellian”. From Channel 4’s barely ironic Big Brother to the ever-increasing surveillance measures of a paranoid and cloyingly invasive state, Orwell anticipated a peculiarly British nightmare,” (Power, Nina). In George Orwell's 1984, there are many ideologies and cultural norms that people in the book see as perfectly normal and readers took notice. Those who read it, started seeing that the things in the book were like how things that were around them. In this way, 1984 has caused a cultural influence on its readers and the world around them.
Objective : The paper evaluates the economic effects of short term nature on New York City caused by the 9/11 terrorist attacks. It also takes into account the effects on various markets such as office space, home construction and home sales, along with discussing how the attacks affected the citizens of New York City. Methodology : The writer used an autoregressive forecasting model and tried to establish the relationship between the growth in employment of New York city and the rest of the nation.
When they reviewed the police records and court documents, they discovered that the New York Times actually surprisingly misled people. There were actually people who called the police and others who yelled out of their windows. A few years later, Peter Fisher and his colleagues did a meta-analytic synthesis. This is a combination of all the published research on the Bystander effect, and they concluded that the presence of bystanders does reduce helping responses.
In 1990’s The study found that, even though crime rates fell over the period of the study (according to the FBI) people’s fears about crime fell and rose during that period, along with TV violence rates. Incidents of TV violence on broadcast television have increased since the late 1990s — as has the public’s fear of crime, the study said. The findings suggest that TV drama may “transport” viewers emotionally into the imagined world of TV shows in a way that creates fear of crime beyond the influence of the national violent crime rate or the reported perception of local crime (www.deadline.com/2016) Dan Romer and director of the Annenberg Public Policy Center, said “We now have stronger evidence that the fictional treatment of crime on
Based on the readings in Chapter 4, during the 1990’s there were 8 explanations for the drop in crime. Those explanations were, innovative policing strategies, increased reliance on prisons, changes in crack and other drug markets, aging of the population, tougher gun-control laws, strong economy, increased number of police and all other explanations (which includes gun buyback and increase use of capital punishment). I was very surprised by the findings in the reach found by Levitt and Dubner. The explanations given initially I believed were very good reasons for drop in crime. The shock was that most of those were not even reason for crime drops and the ones that were actual valid reasons were not what I expected.
This article, written by William Spelman, focuses on the controversial relationship between prison populations and crime rates. Spelman demonstrates the controversy by referencing studies that yielded a wide array of results ranging from rising prison populations causing a decrease in crime to having no effect at all, and even a study that showed crime increasing as prison populations did. Spelman states that this controversy has long been present when discussing this issue. He expresses concern with the divergent findings due to the fact that they are largely all based on the same data set. This, Spelman believes, is largely due to the fact that the varying studies used different methods in conducting their research.
In the novel, Freakonomics, Levitt and Dubner share their ideas regarding the way people withhold information when it comes to publicly display their image. By connecting data from a gameshow and statistics from dating sites, the authors come to a conclusion that while discrimination remains present, it is a quality most people attempt to conceal. The way the authors present and connect their ideas is done effectively with the great use of logic, evidence and organization. Levitt and Dubner make sure to logically describe instances of discrimination that take place in real life situations. For example, they claim that the voting strategy in the game show The Weakest Link, is being influenced by unfair judgements to another player’s identity.
Unit Three Freakonomics Response Chapter 5 of the book Freakonomics addresses what the possible reasons that make a child do well on standardized testing. The options are, what a parent does for a child or what a parent is. The answers are somewhat surprising. They also make me feel a little better.
Freakonomics is somewhat random grab bag of topics. The unifying theme of this book for me was finding ways to ask questions so that one's available statistics and data can provide an answer, time after time they used available statistics to provide some time of reasoning or answers to the question being asked. Some of these efforts were more successful than others. Some of the questions Levitt and Dubner study felt unnecessary, that no one really cares about. But there are also some good subjects.