The House of Representatives is elected for two years in the amount of 435 deputies from single-mandate constituencies. Senators are elected for six years; two from each state. Congress is created from the members of various committees: permanent joint committee of both Houses, who are working on bills, organizing parliamentary hearings, supervise the activities of the administration, etc., and temporary special committees to investigate specific issues. Chairmen of committees have more powers: they set the agenda, set the date of parliamentary hearings, choose the speakers at the plenary session of the Chamber on diverse bills, as well as possess diverse disciplinary powers (Calvi and Coleman 370). Both houses of Congress have party factions of the majority and the minority, headed by leaders elected at fraction
Judicial Systems A. Hierarchical Structure The Federal Court System The Federal Court system in the United States consists of The Supreme Court, The Circuit Courts of Appeals, and The District Courts. Article III, Section I of The United States Constitution created The Supreme Court and granted congress the authority to create the lower federal courts. The Supreme Court is the highest court in The United States and is often referred to as the “court of last resort”, because no court can overrule their decisions. They have the power to decide appeals on all brought forth in federal court or those brought forth in a state court that deal with federal law (Hogan, 2010). The primary role of The Supreme Court is to maintain judicial consistency
Appeals from the magistrates court - which are dealt with by a judge and at least two magistrates. Convictions in the magistrates court that are referred to the Crown Court for sentencing. Imprisonment and fines in the Crown Court are more severe than in the magistrates court. Cases at Crown Court are tried by a jury, consisting of 12 people from the general public. A judge decides on matters of law during the trial, such as whether certain evidence is allowed to be presented, and also makes sure the trial proceeds in a fair way.
As of December 2015 there are six vacancies, which then President Kirchner stated she did not intend to fill. The supreme court is the highest court of law and functions as a last resort tribunal, its rulings cannot be appealed. It also decides on cases dealing with the interpretation of the constitution. A member of the supreme court holds office for
The role of specialty courts Specialty courts are a big thing in the United States. They are a problem solving oriented court that are narrowly focused on within the jurisdiction. At first these types of courts were called designer courts or boutique courts which indicated the special nature of the court. Drug courts were made due to the amount of drug addicts that were going into jail or prison rather than treatment. Since then there are 3,000 drug courts in the United State, and then in addition there are 1,125 other problem solving courts such as mental health courts, gun courts, truancy courts, domestic violence courts etc (Neubauer).
PROS It has a small population New Zealand’s land mass is very similar to that of Great Britain or Japan, but with a population of only 4.5 million, the whole nation appears quite relaxed and stress free. Auckland, the biggest city in New Zealand, would be the only place you would find difficulty with crowds and traffic. The houses in New Zealand are also spread out, with many having large gardens and are only one storey high, so your overall experience in New Zealand will ultimately be one of relaxation. The food is really, really good New Zealand is internationally known for its large sheep population and onshore, the quality of lamb, as well as its seafood, has quite a reputation. As well as this, the hugely successful dairy and viticulture
The system works through the judicial review as part of the process of checks and balances between the three branches of the government. The most important office in this branch is the Supreme Court of United States, which is the only part of federal judiciary that is required by to Constitution. The Supreme Court interprets the Constitution to get to a final decision. As part of the Supreme Court, there are nine justices. The odd number was elected to avoid a tie during a process, once the majority of the judges agree.
Parliament is bicameral with the lower and upper house. For the passage of any legislation, both houses are equally responsible. The lower is referred to as the national council and represents the people at large. However, the cantons are also constituencies and represent the people. The upper house represents the cantons.
It contains five main areas of Justice general, labor, social, financial and administrative, and thus establishes corresponding five systems of courts, each of which is headed by its own supreme authority. In this case, the general courts have jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases that do not fall within the competence of the administrative courts and other specialized courts. Activities of general courts is