Participatory democracy provides opportunities to overcome the shortcomings of representative democracy by combining it with elements of direct democracy. Officially, as Brown says, participatory democracy is direct democracy, in the sense that all citizens the right to participate and are actively involved in all important decisions. This definition refers to movements, that gather a group of people who democratically make decisions about the direction of
Many modern civilizations in the west pride themselves on being democratic societies where every person possesses liberty and equality. Every citizen possesses certain rights that cannot be taken away and every citizen is equal under the law; it is upon this foundation that the institutions of modern democracy are built. However, the idea of democracy is not unique to modern societies in the west. In the fifth and fourth centuries BC, the ancient Athenians developed and implemented a democratic government with principles of liberty, equality, and citizenship. Two authors who explore the democracy, liberty, and equality of both Athenian and modern governments are Martin Ostwald and Mogens Hansen.
Hence, the leader holds a huge responsibility and play the major role as they had been elected during the elections to represent their nation. In this system, it is clear that the citizens have second hand control of the government, which is ideal for most countries. However, people should be aware that representative democracy have the advantage and disadvantage in the system.
Democracy is a form of government offering a workable solution to the fundamental political problem of reaching collective decisions by peaceful means. Democracy can also be about political equality and giving everyone an equal voice in saying how a state should be governed The procedures required to deliver democratic political equality are , free and fair elections, universal suffrage, freedom of expression and information and freedom of association . There are many types of democracies but in my essay I will explain only two types of democracies which are direct democracy and liberal democracy Direct democracy is a form of democracy where citizens are given an extraordinary amount of participation in the legislation process and granting them a maximum political self determination. It can also be called “pure democracy”. An example where direct democracy is practised is Switzerland where people
Example of democracy is the type of government in the United States. Strengths as democracy: In democratised countries the people have the rights who are elected into any form of government office. These elected person officially make the decisions based on the people want and in the best majority of people. They represent the citizen of country in a way that they could not do for themselves. If someone has an issue or something that they feel should change then they can easily access their local elected person at their office and that person can help them with their problems and guide them through the steps they need to take to get it to the next level of government.
The Preamble settles and organizes the United States and help them become a more organized place for their good. The plan was to establish a Constitution for the United States of America and with this it will help us “...form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity,” With the Preamble America had a way to move on and improve in
For the progressives, the reason why they might get involved in society is to create or enforce social and economic equality and to push for social modernity. For progressives, they view in part the human nature of Locke, Rousseau and Marx. Marx is mentioned, since progressives want a bigger government to enforce social and economic equality for all. For Locke and Rousseau they both have an optimistic view of human nature, Rousseau believes humans can have unlimited improvement and for Locke government can help humans by enforcing laws to protect them and their property. Progressives believe like Locke that the sole purpose of government is to protect the rights of its citizens.
The purpose of the government is to ensure that every citizen has equal rights and privileges, to defend every member of the society, and to promote both the public and private interests of the people. The issue of how to best protect and promote both private and public interests was addressed by Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. In his work, Leviathan, Hobbes proposes that absolute monarchy is the ideal type of government because under the other types of government, the citizens will pursue their private interests at the expense of the public interests. In contrast, Locke’s work, Second Treatise of Government, propose that a democracy is the proper solution to achieve the goal of the government in terms of equality for all its people. Locke’s
Constitutional Provisions: Constitution is fundamental law of a nation. It links people, government, territory, sovereignty and international recognition. Modern constitutionalism emphasis written constitution with check and balance, democratic rights, protection of human rights, timely election, people’s sovereignty. Nepal and Korea both counties are based on liberal democratic political exercise. In the liberal democratic system government is considered to be responsible towards people.
The sociology of education is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes. It is most concerned with the public schooling systems of modern industrial societies which including the expansion of higher, further, adult, and continuing education. Education has often been seen as a fundamentally optimistic human endeavour characterised by aspirations for progress and betterment. It is understood by many to be a means of overcoming handicaps, achieving greater equality and acquiring wealth and social status. In Malaysia context, Malaysian education system revolves around the National Education Philosophy where it aims to produce a loyal and united Malaysian nation, produce faithful, well-mannered, knowledgeable, competent and prosperous individuals, produces the nation’s human resource for development needs and to provide educational opportunities for all Malaysians.