In the allegory “Animal Farm” written by George Orwell and published on 17th August 1945, there are a number of animals who take over a farm from a drunk, irresponsible man named Mr Jones. These animals are all specifically made to represent different people and their characteristics who played a role during the revolution in Russia, for example, how Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky are represented as two pigs named Napoleon and Snowball. There is also a stubborn donkey named Benjamin who doesn 't want to be a part of the rebellion, he represents the people who refused to get involved in politics. These animals show the truth of what the revolutions were like and how people behaved. Napoleon Joseph Stalin the great leader of the soviet union is portrayed in George Orwell’s “Animal Farm” as a selfish, controlling pig named Napoleon, who was one of the leaders of the other animals who represent the working class people.
The allegory, Animal Farm compares the Russian Revolution in an understanding way to a typical farm life. The main idea in both pieces was to undertake a revolution to see change within freedom, instead it happened to just be the tyrants. In the Russian Revolution the czar was overthrown and only replaced by Stalin who remained a brutal and harsh leader to citizens. In comparison with Animal Farm; the abusive owner Jones, was overthrown by the “mighty” pig Napoleon who became harsh to the other animals and developed similar characteristics to the original leader. George Orwell portrayed his opinion; revolutions fail in that they result only in a change of tyrants.
They did everything in their power to be the new leaders, no matter what it entailed. Using their illiteracy against them, and their horrible memory. There was two pigs who ruled, Snowball, and Napoleon and his right hand man Squealer. These pigs went to great lengths to become the only rulers, and unfortunately one of them had to pay the price. Overthrowing the drunk farmer who runs Manor Farm, their plan came into action.
Throughout the captivating satire, Animal Farm, the reader explores a variety of ideas and opinions surrounding communism, through the characters and their development throughout the story. Of these characters, Boxer, a strong and hard working horse, although not the main focus in this novel, did play an important role on the farm. His good nature ended up threatening the farm’s leader, and drove him to his death. Although Boxer doesn’t hold the main source of power over all of the farm animals, he is definitely a highlighted and important character. Boxer seems to be a an unofficial leader figure in the eyes of all of the animals, from gaining vast amounts of respect before and during the rebellion.
The ensuing rebellion under the leadership of the pigs Napoleon and Snowball leads to the animals taking over the farm. Vowing to eliminate the terrible inequities of the farmyard, the renamed Animal Farm is organised to benefit all who walk on four legs. But as time passes, the ideals of the rebellion are corrupt, then forgotten. This is all due to the lust for power that the pigs Napoleon and Snowball have that made them all selfish and corrupted. Animal farm in context to The Russian Revolution in terms of corrupting influence of power : Orwell 's goal was to portray the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the early years of the Soviet Union that resulted in a more oppressive and deadly government than the one it overthrew.
Animal Farm is an allegorical dystopian satire about animals in a farm who staged an uprising against their human owner. It is written by George Orwell and is published for the first time in England, August 17th 1945. Animal Farm is one of the author’s best known works other than 1984, which won him the prestigious Hugo Award in 1996. The novella (short novel) was written by Orwell from November 1943 to February 1944 during World War II as a critic to the dictatorship of Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union. Orwell uses the book’s main antagonist, a pig called Napoleon, to depict Stalin and the horrors of a totalitarian government.
In the novel, Animal Farm, the pigs are substandard examples of good leaders because they are self-serving hypocrites. This is an allegorical story to what happened in the Russian Revolution. Napoleon, the main leader of the farm, represents Stalin, the leader of Russia in the revolution. They were both corrupt leaders that manipulated their own people. For example, Napoleon brainwash the animals into thinking he is always right.
It is a metaphorical novel that based on the creator 's political feelings of Stalin and Russian politics issues of the time. The book 's plot reflects the chain of occasions that began with the October Revolution of 1917 and finished in the usurpation of power by Stalin. Therefore, Orwell expresses his warnings and comments that socialism could lead to dictatorship by being hypocritical, being dominant, and creating unfair rules when it is being used in reality. Orwell also expressed his criticism on how revolutionary leaders in Russian revolution failed to follow what they have promised to do in the beginning. Before the revolution took place, Napoleon and Snowball were telling all animals that they would bring justice to the community.
Napoleon has made himself the dictator of the farm, he even has his own security dogs. It became evident that Napoleon was the leader of the animals as soon as he slaughtered the animals at the yard of the farm house, the reason being: communication with Snowball. The killing of animals shows another abuse of power by Napoleon and directly violates Commandment #6 which states that “no animal shall kill any other animal.” (Orwell 25) Napoleon violated this rule to instill fear and maintain power over the other animals. This signaled to the other animals that they should not cross Napoleon or disobey
His never-failing cry of ‘I will work harder’ often inspired the rest of animals to work hard despite facing failures such as destruction of the windmill for the second time. He worked hard until the day he falls due to lung failure. Instead of treating him, Napoleon sent Boxer to horse slaughter house and lied to the animals that Boxer died in the hospital and even ended his speech with a reminder of Boxer’s two favourite maxims, ’I will work harder’ and’ Comrade Napoleon is always right’. This is what happens to the most faithful animal in the Animal Farm due to Napoleon’s cool-blooded judgment as he could not have any form of benefits from dying Boxer. In the end, the name ‘Animal Farm’ was abolished and changed to ‘Manor Farm’, the original name by Napoleon.