The movement of Romanticism began in the 1800s. Romanticism was about going against what society told one to do. Society ideal of an acceptable poem, was that it should have rhythmic lines and should potentially rhyme. Emily Dickinson and Walt Whitman went against society’s accepted classification of poetry inspiring change, the movement of Romanticism. Dickinson and Whitman both wrote about nature, beauty, society, death, truth, imagination and God.
Introduction The era of the Beat Generation was a time of reinvention, in a society recovering from the second World War , the Beats were a group of poets who strayed from social and literary conformity by questioning authority, and followed a more free verse way of writing with little to no rules. They were part of the counterculture that developed post 1945. The Beat Generation were a group of poets that managed to change the way literature and writing were done in the 1950s. Literary traditions were disregarded and a new, vibrant way of writing was implemented. The classic way of writing poetry, such as using rhyme, form, and proper diction became lost to the Beats who focused on a more spoken-esque and unrestrained way of writing in order to show what they felt.
Among these thinkers were Aldous Huxley and Ray Bradbury. One of the most important themes Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World and Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451 share is the conflict between conformity and individuality. In both novels, there are societies with strict norms that the majority of the people conform to. People who desire to step out of said norms are ridiculed or outcast at best, and seen as threats at worst. This essay will analyze how the two authors employ similar sets of characters to explore this conflict between conformity and individuality: main characters who question—and defy—the system in place,
On that note, artists developed a more sensitive and sharper approach to their art work. They started to be more daring in their artistic practices, and wanted to generate anti-war work statements. WW1 was a turning-point, and catalyzed the transformation of the visual arts. The period of late Romanticism, Symbolism and Expression came to an end. The Dada movement, 1st major anti-art movement, appeared, and artists revolted against the prevalent cultures and values, which they believed were the support of the socio-political status quo and the cause of the bloodshed of WWI.
To the contemporary audience the whole enterprise seemed like youthful antagonism, hardly worthy of the name “art”. Art up until this point had always had subject matter but now the process, revealed by the artists brush strokes, is the subject matter. Abstract Expressionism was very new and extremely different visually but it relied heavily on past movements mainly: the Dadaist's reliance on chance, and the Surrealist's endorsement of Freudian theory that embraces the relevance of dreams, sexual drives and the authenticity of ego (unfiltered self-centeredness, i.e. narcissism), which this art expresses through "action." The key to understanding Abstract Expressionism is to understand the concept of "deep" from a 1950s dictionary.
They broke out of the predetermined mold set for them by society, and created incredible works with their unique styles. However, although Dickinson provided many thought-provoking concepts, Whitman helped shape the future of poetry. With his groundbreaking development of the free verse style, he has opened society’s eyes to a world of creative
Introduction When Shakespeare’s plays were first printed together, Ben Jonson provided a poem describing Shakespeare as- ‘not of an age, but for all time’. Subsequent criticism built on this, constructing what has been called the ‘myth’ of Shakespeare as a cultural phenomenon: a ‘universal’ genius whose qualities transcend history, and who can ‘speak’ to us across time. The myth of Shakespeare’s universality is powerful; but it is also very dangerous, especially in relation to his language. Shakespeare used English at a particular moment in its history: its vocabulary was expanding rapidly while its grammar standardized. He had choices to make about grammatical constructions, pronouns, and nouns that are no longer open to us.
People were starting to be treated as variables in the war, because of the massive amount of casualties that were being taken by the various armies that were fighting. The war depressed many people, and caused them to question their roles within society. This meant that poets and artists had an important job of being able to get people to relate to their works in order to hopefully get people to not feel as isolated as they were feeling. This is much like the music of today, which tries to speak to certain people with certain feelings ranging from despair to happiness. The poem, “l(a)” is very vague in its meaning upon first glance, but it has a deeper message about the sinking feeling that isolation can bring to people.
Searching for Identity in Paulo Coelho’s The Alchemist and The Fifth Mountain The 20th century was an era of utmost chaos and confusion. The aftershocks of both the World Wars and independence struggles have been such that the political and religious foundations of the entire world have been shaken up. As a consequence the battle which was once fought at the war front is now being fought within the psyche of each isolated modern individual. Individuality is the unique selling proposition of the modern society and to have individuality it is crucial to have an identity first. This paper deals with the two works of Paulo Coelho, namely The Alchemist and The Fifth Mountain because they not only bring forth the conflict between the individual
The two balanced stanzas of this poem form a well reasoned reply to the Movement writers’ challenging rejection of religious belief, myth, and obscure literary illusions. The first stanza consists of an elaborate rhetorical question supported by several intervening questions which express the speaker’s concern for the loss of the framework by which levels of consciousness can be organized and understood.“ If the myth’s outworn, the legend broken”: if the cultural forms are no longer available to interpret present experience and to establish links with the past “then what kind of lives have we”(Jennings ,TCP 39).The myths and legends which enable us to see resemblances between past and present experience have been exhausted: they are useless even within the child’s story / Since he sees well they now bring light no longer/ Into our eyes.” In the final lines of the stanza, the speaker uses language suggesting poetic inspiration and illumination to ask: “By breathing on them? Is there any taper/ that will return the glitter to our eyes? (39) The rhetorical strategies of the poem alter in the second stanza, as the stately progression of long lines creates the impression of a well thought out, patient response to the questions of the preceding stanzas: “We have retreated inward to our minds/ Too much, have made rooms there with doors closed, All windows shuttered. There we sit and mope The myth away, set by the lovely legends”(40) The speaker carefully depicts the prevailing