High pressure losses happened because the system is far from proper sewerage. In poor society, most of the population got their water from ground pumps, which had poor water flow and poor quality. Therefore, poor society was not able to access water that they can afford even their income mostly spent on water. Water service should be enlarged into poor society so they can get affordable and easy access to adequate
Hygienic problems in Slum The hygienic problems in the slum are mainly due to the fewer opportunities to access to the urban services, compared to the non-slum population. This social inequality is shown in the distribution of water supply and toilets formation in the community. According to Oxford (2010), only 18.5% of the slum population have directly piped water supply, compared to 92% in the non-slum area in Mumbai. Those who may not able to get the official water supply have an increased risk of getting contaminated water from other sources such as the river and get infected after drinking it. Additionally, the insufficient clean water supply to every household reduces their desire to keep clean personally and environmentally as they do not have excessive water for the consistent clean-up.
Water scarcity is lack of sufficient, clean, and safe water in a given region. This is very common as it affects every continent around the world and almost 2.8 billion people. Water scarcity often occurs and is a dominant isuue in the world since it threatens human health and economy. One of the main causes of water Scarcity is water pollution. Water pollution is the contamination of water due to unhealthy human activities.
Poor communities don't have access to health facilities, it is hard for them to live a healthy lifestyle when their resources such as water and air are contaminated. Common diseases that are linked with land degradation are diarrhea, hepatitis, and malaria. As well as chronic respiratory diseases (Edward). Over 90 percent of the population lives in areas where air pollution exceeds the health organization limits. Air pollution continues to cause cardiovascular diseases, stroke, pulmonary diseases as well as cancer.
Jordan's lack of arable land and insufficient supplies of water means that agriculture is mostly a non-relevant sector and that the country invests heavily in water recycling. Jordan’s economy is highly influenced by the state. Jordan’s economy is among the smallest in the Middle East, with insufficient supplies of water, oil, and other natural resources, underlying the government's heavy reliance on foreign assistance. Other economic challenges for the government include chronic high rates of poverty, unemployment, inflation, and a large budget
In many countries of the world, the precious commodity called water is becoming scarce and the matter is so bad that several persons have to get by without taking a bath. In some countries, the Government is responsible for providing a stable inflow of water for their citizens, however, because of the work of nature, this has not been made possible for many. Some recent negative action of nature that happened, such as the drought that threatens the state of California in the mighty United State, the Monsoon flood that displaced thousands and killed hundreds in Eastern India and energy production probably will be, affected due to the dramatic, fierce competition for water in China. Without an adequate supply of water in a country, the economic activities will be party crippled and possibly wiped out in the long run. There is the possibility, of an outbreak, or disease that may surface from the stoppage of our water supply, which will bring about famine and other unfortunate elements and the results will be suffering for many millions of people.
Still people are forced to drink. If we drink dirty water then the bacteria, viruses and harmful chemicals or particles will go inside our body. It would harm our body and we could have many bad diseases. The outcome could be very bad too. Every year, 1.8 million people die of diseases like Diarrhea and Cholera which are because of dirty water.
The role of the government in water supply and sanitation services ended up weakening the capacity of local authorities resulting in a state of inadequacy in the sector, which was characterised by erratic water supply, low coverage ratio, obsolete infrastructure and also inadequate funding. Due to failure by most local authorities to deliver satisfactory services to the people, the government authorised the Department of Water Affairs in the Ministry of Energy and Water Development to take over the responsibility of operating and maintaining the water supply and sewerage schemes from local
Pollution of surface water has become a global concern. Surface water resources played an important role in the development of human civilization. In developing countries there is lack of adequate infrastructure and facilities,so the major part of the liquid waste is disposed offin the surface water bodies .In India the total wastewater is generated about 22,900 million liters per day (mld) from the urban domestic sources, only the treatment of 5900 mld are done and rest remains untreated.The rivers of India are heavily polluted and its endangering the existence of aquatic life. The polluted surface water adversely affecting the ecological health of the aquatic system, when organic matterdegradesit reduces the dissolved oxygen in water resulting in anoxic conditions.The organic pollution level in an aquatic ecosystem is measured by biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and dissolved oxygen (DO) .In an aquatic system, the BOD is the primary parameter needed for assessment of water quality and the same is used for the development of the management strategies for the safeguarding the water resources.The available method for BOD determination is very tedious and prone to errors [3-5]. The BOD determinationis affected by various factors, like presence of toxic substances in sample affects microbial activity leading to a reduction in the measured BOD value.