What Is Water Scarcity

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Water and change report
Water scarcity is the deficiency of available water resources to meet the demands of water use within a specific region.

The water scarcity apparently affects around 2.8 billion people, which means that more than 1/3 of entire human population live under water-stress condition. However, by 2025 2/3 of the world population will be living under water-stressed conditions.

Locations of Water Scarcity

From the map above it can be seen that the water scarcity can be divided in two parts, physical water scarcity (red) and economic water scarcity (yellow). However, some regions have little or no water scarcity (blue) or approaching physical water scarcity (orange). It can be seen that the water scarcity affects around
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Which means that the population doesn’t have money to utilize the decent amount of water supply. This can be originated from lack of government spending and uneven distribution of the natural resources. However, the physical water scarcity affects all regions where people lives with the limited water supply, such as Eastern Australia, Middle East, North Africa, Central and Eastern Asia.

Physical and economic water scarcity
Physical water scarcity means that there is limited water supply. The physical water scarcity appear when the lands water capacity doesn’t have the ability to provide the water required for the population in the area. Normally, dry parts of the Earth are identified as regions with physical water scarcity, but where people lives.
Economic water scarcity is an issue when there is a lack of compassion and strong governance that allows the water scarcity to occur. Economic water scarcity is particularly about uneven water distribution, due to political or cultural conflict. It occurs only if the population of a region doesn’t have enough monetary means to obtain a decent amount of water.

Physical causes of water
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New Delhi alone produces about 3.5 million cubic meters of sewage every day. However, less than half of the waste is effectively treated due to limited management.
• Unclear laws, government corruption.
• Industrial and human waste is the origin of water supply difficulties and affected the water.
• India doesn’t monitor water usage.
• New Delhi literally cannot escape from the sewage it produces, because 45% of the population is disjoined to the public sewage system.
Impacts:
• A mixture of sewage disposal, industrial effluents, and chemicals from farm runoffs, arsenic and fluoride made the Indian’s rivers unsuitable for drinking, irrigation or industrial objectives.
• More than 21% of contagious diseases in India are linked to unsafe water.
• Millions of poor people are affected by preventable diseases, which are originated from insufficient water supply and sanitation.
• Each river in India is polluted. They are saturated with toxic metals, fluoride, and nitrates.
How to overcome it:
• It is essential for the Indian government to balance competing demands between urban and rural areas, wealthy and poor, the economy and the

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