During apartheid, the government was pressured by the international community which wanted apartheid to end. Many international campaigns were enforced on the south African economy which stressed the great extent the international community put on the south African apartheid government to modify the system. To understand everything better we need to first understand what apartheid was and how it originated. Apartheid basically was a system of established racial segregation and discrimination in South Africa and in 1912 black urban and traditional leaders founded the South African native national congress who believed in the opposition of the policies made by the first union of South Africa government which led to an increase in internal resistance.
Unsurprisingly, forcibly removing someone from their homes and enslaving them to work on another continent, if they did not die on the dangerous trip there, does not foster peaceful relationships. This tension, built upon hostilities over colonization, and other poor treatment of African people, has helped contribute to the violence in Africa in the past. Furthermore, it is clear Europeans, and in turn, Americans, have always had a superiority complex towards Africans. This would lead to views of Africans as being inferior, which can lead to ideas of them being less civilized, and more dangerous. This compounds on the actual violence in Africa, and results in the world viewing the entire continent as violent and
A second distinction points to the differences between structural and contingent causes of state failure. In the structural category three main arguments are commonly put forward. Firstly, the Westphalian ideal of statehood has not successfully taken root across all of Africa because of inhospitable local conditions to state building. A second structural argument centres on the problems posed by political geography especially resources. The third argument revolves around the concept of the security dilemma in which certain actors hasten state collapse in fear of an ungoverned future
Apartheid has been identified as a direct cause of mental health issues in South Africa. A case study on the Organization for Appropriate Social Services in South Africa (OASSSA) recognized the group’s greatest achievement as the establishment of the link between apartheid and mental health. OASSSA was a group of progressive, anti-apartheid mental health workers who first came together to discuss the land act because they “felt both angry and disenchanted at…the idea of discussing family dynamics and therapy within a homeland setting which [was] responsible for the break-up of thousands of families” (Hayes 2000, 328). Through their years working against the apartheid regime, OASSSA built a case as to why the social conditions produced by apartheid
Under apartheid, over 80% of the land was held by 13% of the population. Unions were formed and strikes broke out, such as the massive 1946 strike of gold miners on the Witwatersrand or on the Durban docks. Strikers were brutalized, then blacklisted. The two major political associations at that time that were revolting against Apartheid were the African National Congress (ANC) and the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC). Leaders of the ANC and PAC within South Africa were tracked down, arrested, and charged with treason.
He started this company in Chicago, Illinois, hiring workers in the town to work for him. Following the economic depression in America in 1893, Pullman changed the conditions of these workers. He cut wages, increased working hours, and laid off some workers. On May 11, 1894, several thousands of train workers responded to these conditions, starting an unannounced strike at the Pullman Company in Illinois. During the next couple of months many people died due to the violence that was going on in this strike.
Apartheid was an ideology for the segregation of distinctive racial groups that was introduced in South Africa in 1948. At first, its aim was to have an “equal development and freedom of cultural expression,” (South African History Online, 2017). However, the Apartheid established a social system that forced people of different colors to live and develop separately instead. It undoubtedly impaired the blacks, which took up most of the population, only because they didn’t have the same skin color as their rulers. The Apartheid was developed for several reasons, the major influence was the ideology of racial dominance and fear.
Many events during the Apartheid regime led up to the increase of international pressure in the 1980’s. Events such as the Sharpeville massacre in 1960, the Soweto Uprising of 1976 and many other occurrences, brought attention to the injustice in South Africa, creating greater awareness for the international public. International pressure also increased during the 1980s due to the economic struggles of South Africa, from internal and external forces, which in turn had an effect on the global economy. All of these factors, had a large impact on bringing about the end of Apartheid. A large part of the international pressure increasing in South Africa in the 1980s is due to the increased exposure of the injustices in Apartheid South Africa, internationally circulating photographs of the violence against the youth who powered the resistance movement, protesting for democracy, for example, the Soweto Student Uprising in 1976.
Subsquently, The Secret Broderbund (brotherhood) was also established to advance the Afrikaans case. In addition, South Africa’s financial situation further encouraged racial segregation. In 1934, South Africa enacts the Union Act, declaring the state finally independent from (British) and foreign control. Nonetheless, South Africa’s independence does not accord its black and native population the freedom they desired. In 1948, the policy of apartheid was used as the National Party comes to power.
This essay will further discuss A) the meaning of social inequality in society, B) provide a discussion with examples of ways the South African state has bought about significant change or insignificant change in society, focusing mainly on racial inequality and housing inequalities and C) explain why the South African government has or has not bought about change to the lives of ordinary people in south Africa through the examination and analysis of the Marxist and elitists theories. A) the meaning of social inequality in society According to the Oxford dictionary, the word "inequality" means, "the unfair difference between groups of people in society when some have more wealth, status and opportunities than others". A few key words and phrases are stated within this definition which provides further meaning towards the overall context of social inequality. They are: "groups of people", "wealth", "status" and "opportunity". Each will be further discussed: 1.