Thomas Hobbes, he is known for his brilliant work Leviathan, where the state, like sea monster, sucked all the rights and freedom of the people, where people have become part of the state mechanism. According to Hobbes the main part of life is in a natural state, to limit their freedom by transferring power Leviathan. For the philosophy of the state is the end of the "war of all against all." He adamantly adhered to the principle of human equality, he praised the role of the state, which was the supreme authority. In its ideal state power to control people 's views, there is a limited censorship and have religious restrictions.
The drawing depicts the trade of freedom for safety. His negative and pessimistic point of view on humanity led him to draft this version of the social contract. Hobbes, who lived in the United Kingdom, under the rule of a monarch, affected the government of this time by introducing this idea. His social contract defied a democracy, and favored a monarchy. The monarchs and rulers of his time approved of his draft, whereas rulers later on who believed in a democracy strongly disagreed with this
His reasoning was that if there was no government, there would be chaos. Some of Hobbes’ beliefs were even stated in the Declaration of Independence. For instance, his belief that people should give up their rights that lead toward violence, his wanted a government that would allow people to live in peace, and that the government should prevent violence and
Secondly, Hobbes states that man leaves his state of non-governance for the desire of more ordered and secure environment. Thirdly, Hobbes describes that when a person enters a social contract, the social contrast is between the people and they use their power to choose a ruler. Fourthly and most importantly, the people give up their power to a supreme ruler for security and order.
With Jefferson, his theory follows this in a parallel fashion, in the reason that his idea doesn’t cross with hobbes, but they share the same direction. “That, to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.” (Jefferson 120). This man believed the same as hobbes, that there needed to be something to control and regulate what was needed for a population to live
Government is necessary to maintain order in society regardless of era. To what extent government should reign, as well as responsibilities of the reigning force varied greatly among thinkers of the Enlightenment Era. Political philosophers, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, agreed on the general idea that that society should be ruled by a governing force, and each implemented a social contract without religious weight; however, Hobbes and Locke each had different theories on the role government would have over the people. These theories have greatly influenced today’s roles of the state and its citizens. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both agreed the citizens of the state would willingly enter into a social contract with their governing body.
He also believed that the government should help to preserve this right. Locke thought that a government that was created by free people would have the best chance at keeping a free society. Through this, both the individual and the society would prosper. Another philosopher named Adam Smith, thought of ways to improve the economy. He believed that the government should not control what people produced or how much they sold their product for.
However, Thomas Hobbes, as he writes in Leviathan (1651) believed that all political phenomenons could be reported systematically as he equated all humans to machines, predictable by consistently acting in their self interest. [PG 3] Burke’s criticism that can be applied to Hobbes lies on three fronts; that the understanding human condition cannot be derived through logic; that consent, explicit or tacit, does not exist after the first social contract; and that a rebellion is neither possible nor effective when in a social contract. Thomas Hobbes’ prefaces his discussion of the social contract by giving credence to what he understood as science. Hobbes’ approach hinges on this understanding. “[R]eason
Thomas Hobbes in his book “Leviathan” argues that an absolute monarchy is the best form of government. He provided several reasonings in defending his views; laws obeyed, the interest of the people achieved, consistent laws and social utility maximized. In this paper, I will look at the advantages and disadvantages of having a monarchy, and I will support his argument that monarchy is necessary for society and why it is the best form of government. In a monarchy, the sovereign can be self-motivated, and Hobbes agrees that the self-interest motivates a monarch just like everyone else leading to corruption and unfair distribution of wealth in a society. Hobbes asserts “when the public interest happens to conflict with the private, he usually
On first reading, Hobbes seems to provide a succinct and coherent concept of freedom and human freedom. He tells the reader that individuals are free to the extent they are unhindered by external impediments. However, Hobbes differs on his thoughts on liberty in the state of nature and liberty when living under the sovereign. The freedom agents have in the state of nature is the reason why subjects must ultimately renounce their right to a commonwealth and form civil government. Additionally, this formation of civil government creates the need for political obedience from the subjects.