Many people when they hear the words “Fourth of July” they think about fireworks, cookouts, and sparklers! During the 1850’s it is a day that reminded many of the horrors and injustices in the world. On July 4, 1852 Frederick Douglass, a former American slave and an abolitionist leader, spoke in Rochester, New York about the affectation of celebrating independence. In his speech, “The Hypocrisy of American Slavery” he claims celebrating independence when there are slaves widespread is unethical. To convince the reader of his claim he uses rhetorical questions, word choice and anthesis in hopes to shed light and spark action on the wrongful situation.
Christianity was, to the slaves of America, (something with a double meaning). In the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass an American Slave, Frederick Douglass, the author, argues about how Christianity can mean one thing to a free white man and something completely different to a black slave. The slave owners follow the ‘Christianity of the Land’ while the slaves follow the ‘Christianity of Christ.’ Frederick begins to build his credibility to a, white, northern, audience by including documents from trustworthy writers and by getting into personal experiences through his writing. Throughout the narrative, he is articulate in how he writes, and it shows the reader that he is well educated. It gives the reader a sense of credibility.
In the narrative “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave”, Frederick Douglass shows the religious irony in southern slaveholding culture. Douglass gives the reader personal accounts of how brutally some slaves were treated on the plantations. Douglass also contrast the differences between southern and northern slaveholding culture. In the appendix, Douglass argues that there a major differences between Christianity shown to us in the South and Christianity shown to us in the Bible. Douglass gives us personal insight to the life of a slave and their treatment.
Frederick Douglass was an African American abolitionist who sought out to put an end to slavery. He wrote a speech called “What, to Slave, is the Fourth of July”. Although Douglass delivered his speech to a mostly sympathetic audience, he was still able to achieve a proper condemnation of America through the strategies of pathos and metaphors. While reading through Douglass’s speech, he portrays signs of admonition that are very clear. In the third paragraph of Douglass’s speech, he states, “The difficulties to be overcome in getting from the latter to the former, are by no means slight.”.
When most people hear the words “Fourth of July” they think about fireworks, cookouts, and sparklers. During the 1850’s, the Fourth of July served as a reminder of the many horrors and injustices in the world. On July 4, 1852, Frederick Douglass-- a former American slave, abolitionist leader and adroit speaker-- spoke in Rochester, New York about the affectation of celebrating independence. In his speech, “The Hypocrisy of American Slavery”, he claims celebrating independence is unethical when slavery is widespread. To convince the reader of his claim, he uses rhetorical questions, emotional appeal, and antithesis in hopes of shedding light and sparking action on the wrongful situation.
Both King and Douglass were advocating for the same thing: their constitutional sanction of freedom. Both men, in their respective letters touch upon parallel thoughts and beliefs that revolve around the much bigger topic of racial inequality and discrimination. Both men were discriminated against and they talk about their experiences and plight in their very distinctive yet special styles. Born in the year 1817, in an era of open and unashamed slave trade, Frederick Douglass’s story begins as a serf to Mrs. Hugh in the city of Maryland. Eventually, he got his education and his freedom and escaped the slave trade, after having suffered repeatedly at the hands of his ‘owners’.
Sebastian curses the Boatswain: “A‟pox o‟ your throat, you bawling, blasphemous, incharitable dog!”. This again contains corporeal, gory imagery, and again reference is made to the tortured body (A‟pox o‟ your throat), and indicates this is punishment for the Boatswain is “blasphemous” and “incharitable”. These imply that they believe he is guilty because he has put the sovereign‟s power which Foucault regards as the main offence during the time before the modern era. The punishment is a reinstatement of the sovereign‟s power, and is contrasted with the modern offences
These conflicting emotions show that while Douglass is physically free, he is still a slave to fear, insecurity, loneliness, and the looming threat of being forced back into the arms of slavery. Douglass uses figurative language, diction, and repetition to emphasize the conflict between his emotions. Frederick Douglass’s story as told by himself in Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass is still relevant today. The book challenges readers to see slavery as a complex issue, an issue that impacts the oppressed and the oppressor, rather than a one-dimensional issue. Douglass goes beyond the physical impacts of slavery by choosing to recognize the tortured bodies of slaves along with their tortured souls, leading him to wonder what it takes for the soul to experience freedom.
Martin Luther King Jr. addresses his audience, he uses powerful statement to make the listeners more engaged in his speech. A representation of this would be in paragraph four of Dr. Kings “I Have a Dream” speech, where he expresses, “Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice.” Dr. King motivates his audience by using a metaphor. He compares the unfair segregation towards African Americans as a dark and desolate valley. Subsequently, he goes on to compare the freedom to come for African Americans as a sunlit path of racial justice. In the next paragraph, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. describes how they are going to obtain racial equality by announcing, “The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.” Dr. King uses this powerful metaphor to express that he will not stop revolting until African Americans get the equal rights they
Moreover they thought that they gain the appreciation of God by being the missionary of Christianity and by helping the enlightenment of African-Americans’ religious pursuit. In conclusion, in the era of enslavement of the United States, the Bible and the religion were the one of the cover that Southern slave owners used to defend