Finally, their politics were based off of men passing laws at town meetings, where a form of direct democracy was practiced, similar to an Athenian democracy. The Middle Colonies are much more divergent than the New England colonies. The colonies had warm summers and cool winters and soil appropriate to developing products. The mellow atmosphere consolidated with the prolific earth permitted little homesteads to prosper, and the Middle Colonies in the end got to be known as the Bread Basket. The economy was mainly based on farming and crops, since it was very common to find farms.
This lead to South American farmers devoting more time and land to cotton plantations. The relationship between slaves and the cotton gin was a complicated one, although the cotton gin did free the slaves from having to separate cotton from its’ seeds by hand, it did increase the demand for them to work in cotton plantations. This was a result of the dramatically inexpensive price of cotton, which increased the demand for cotton by large textile factories. Cotton production also proved to be well suited to slave labour. Being a reasonably labour intensive process, farmers chose to employ a method involving slaves working in small groups, while mostly always being supervised by a white overseer.
The market revolution had a tremendous impact on many regions in the U.S., most notably the South and Northeast. The market revolution is a term used by historians to describe the expansion of the marketplace that occurred between 1815 and 1830, prompted mainly by major transportation improvements and various unique inventions to connect distant communities together for the first time. The South developed and thrived mainly from the cotton gin and the expansion of slavery. The Northeast flourished and bloomed from the factory system, interchangeable parts, transportation improvements, and women in the work force. The market revolution impact on the South and Northeast brought about widespread economic growth yet affected the regions differently, the South shifted from subsistence farming to commercial farming and the Northeast grew in mechanization and industrialization.
Expansion of slave trade was caused by the high demand for cash crops like tobacco and sugar. American colonies were in need of a cheap labor force and saw Africans as fit for the job since there were so many of them. Indentured servitude was just not working for the colonies because of the intense work needed to be done to farm cash crops. Another cause and effect argument Nash uses is that the English entry into the slave trade business allowed southern plantation owners to buy slaves more and for cheaper than ever before. But how did all these slaves get to the colonies?
In Eric Williams ' work titled “Slavery and Capitalism”, he describes how the development of slavery marked several social and economic changes in society, especially in the nature of social hierarchies and relationships. Sven Beckert, in “The Empire of Cotton”, reiterates Williams ' argument by describing cotton cultivation in America, of which the backbone was slavery. In this economic system, production thrived because of the subordination of the labour force. Slavery was a cost effective method of employing labour. For instance, in the case of America, large quantities of cotton were produced at a cheaper cost, and as a result, were sold in the market for low prices.
The southern colony and New England Colony had many differences. The New England colony was based more in manufacturing while the southern colony was about agriculture as far as their economy. One big difference is that New England colony didn’t believe in slavery like the southern colonies believed. Slaves and indentured servants were the backbone of the Southern economy. They did much of the labor work for the southern colonies cash crops.
In the American Journey textbook, it states on page 423, it states “The cotton gin was a compact machine that removed seeds with cotton fibers much more quickly than could be done by hand. Because cotton could be processed more easily, Southern planters wanted to grow more. As a result, they depended on slave labor to plant and pick cotton...Both parts of the South were agricultural, but the Upper South still produced tobacco, hemp, wheat, and vegetables. The Deep South was committed to cotton and, in some areas, to rice and sugarcane.” This tells me why the South grew on the cotton gin and what crops they produced. As you can see, the North and South both had lots of characteristics that were similar and different.
There were many differences between the North and the South. For instance, the South were very agricultural as opposed to the North which were industrial. The South used cheap labor in the form of slaves, whereas the North had workers do their jobs in factories at a faster pace. Because of sectionalism, competition between the north and the south began to increase. They were arguing over the new territories
The second reason is that can be use to gather up the crops with their hands, instead of the new machines . My final reason is that slaves can be used to watch the cattle and the house. So here is my three reasons why that slavery is beneficial. My first reason is that they don't have be paid. I believe that during the Wars, We lost about 25% of the money because the government need it the fund the war.
Slaves who got to be freed frequently did as such by getting away and going to the colonial authorities or by basically leaving the regions in which they had been held to take up living arrangement somewhere else.In a few spots, enslaved people held that status for the rest of their lives, in spite of the legal prohibition. It was not until the 1930s that slavery in Africa was completely eliminated. The ending of the slave trade and slavery in Africa had far reaching consequences for the African continent. Numerous societies that for quite a long time had taken an interest in an economy taking into account slave labor and the exchanging of slaves experienced issues finding better approaches to sort out work and to gain wealth. Meanwhile,
The southern states were economically dependent on agriculture. Most of the southern people income came from crops such as rice, indigo, sugar, and tobacco. Tobacco was the cash crop until cotton was produced. After the production of cotton grew drastically, slaves were used as a resource for picking cotton. Southern states then went on to open trading passageways with other countries to trade cotton and slaves.
The rivers were what the South used to transport good, and as a result led to slow communication. Also the South used slaves for free labor, and did not have many immigrant workers at all. The economies of both the North and the South were fueled by many different classes of people. In the North, the middle class and lower class workers often did the manufacturing. While in the South indentured servants would work on plantations to grow tobacco, indigo, and cotton which were all very labor intensive.
The South, as a whole, struggles economically. Aside from a few wealthy plantation owners, most of the population consisted of poor, subsistence farmers. They had few railroads, limiting trade and the use of free, slave labor prevented the South from industrializing, which caused the economy of the South to fall behind that of the North. While the northern economy was thriving, the South was struggling. Part of this stratification was due to the Transportation Revolution, which occurred largely in the North.
Yeoman farmers tended to have more slaves. The landowners became wealthy due to the small amount of money needed to grow a high yield and high-profit product. The only investment the owner may have invested in was a better way to harvest and grow cotton. While the north had many different positions for employment. So many different types of trades were needed for this diverse section of the country.
The English’s view of the colonies in the New World at the time were just manufacturers of raw goods and materials. For example, rice and cotton were two staple crops for the southern colonies. While if you went further up north there was more distribution of goods like grain and fish. After some time though, the colonies in the New World had become a place for the English to gather and sell goods. With the expansion of the English colonies also came a larger market to sell to other countries overseas.