The trend of deflation intensified. The reason that nobody warned America of deflation was due to false prosperity. The 1920’s were called “the Roaring Twenties”, while mainstream culture at this time supported that it was a time better than anytime before then there were many misconceptions with masses of people at this time (Facts). America was very dependent on production and 42% of people were impoverished. Poverty in 1920’s America was defined by making less than a certain amount of money each year, which was determined by the government (BBC).
Federal spending increased from $9.4 billion in 1939 to $95.2 billion in 1945, and the gross national product more than doubled in that time. Massive wartime spending ended the Great Depression. In the 1930s most economists believed that the economy would fix itself if the government did not interfere. English economist John Maynard Keynes, on the other hand, argued that deficit spending - government spending of borrowed money - should be used to get a depressed economy moving again. Deficit spending during World War II instantly turned the economy around.
The New Deal helped millions but was only successful to a certain extent. However, while this is true (African Americans were not helped, unemployment had risen after the federal government stopped subsidising jobs), FDR’s New Deal changed the role of the federal government in American society from a quite passive role to an active one. Through the Great Depression, Hoover had a laissez-faire approach. This meant that the government lets America figure out the dilemma themselves. One of the most important key turning point of the New Deal was the change in the relationship between the government and the nation.
By busting trusts, competition increases and the power of the business elite decreases. With a rising middle class that was scared of the business elite and political machines, the government needed to intervene. Therefore, in the late 1890’s the government passed the Sherman Antitrust Act which banned industrial monopolies that limited competition. The law sought to help the middle and lower classes earn money by increasing competition. However, the act had little effect because the wording was so vague.
History CA – Part C In 1929 the US experienced a huge change in economy known as the ‘Wall Street Crash’, this was the largest economic bust in American history. During the time of the economic depression, the president was Herbert Hoover, a republican who strongly believed in laissez faire, which essentially meant that he believed that things should be left alone, and not interfered with. Hoover believed that things would sort themselves out by themselves within a matter of time. For the citizens of the United States, this was seen as Hoover being useless, and not even attempting to make a change to the society, which was in ruins. Eventually, people started to realise this and turn against Hoover, blaming him for the deteriorating state of their country.
The New Deal brought reforms to the American economy and the American people. Through public works administrations and Social Security, the New Deal attempted to end the devastation of the Depression. But the Depression caused too large of an impact to be ended by the New Deal, which was radical for some Americans, so it was not supported. In the end, the wartime boom from World War II was the reason why the Depression finally ended, but the New Deal changed the face of the American government by creating a relationship of trust between it and the public. This relationship still exists to an extent when it comes to the government providing for its people, and it would not, had it not been for the New
This lead to the writing of the constitution. The first weakness of the Articles of the confederation is that the federal government had very little power over the state government. This was true when it came to the federal government requesting med for war efforts, resources but was epically true when it came to the financial side. Although the federal government could request these things form the states they could not force them to do so. (U.S. History Pre-Columbian to the new Millennium, n.d.) This lead to the Federal government printing currency, which then led to inflation.
The NIRA was put into action in 1933 and was a US labor law and consumer law passed by Congress to authorize the President to regulate the industry for fair wages and prices that would stimulate economic recovery. It was taken out because at the time of the Dust Bowl there was also the Great Depression and no one even including the government had enough money so they could not keep up with the fair prices and wages. A couple of years later in 1937, a 3rd wave of the New Deal rolled along because FDR was concerned about the budget deficits (The Balance). As a result, the last wave did not do as well as the other two waves. Despite the effects of the New Deal would take time (US History).
The textbook says, “The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) sought to raise crop prices by lowering production, which the government achieved by paying farmers to leave a certain amount of every acre of land unseeded.” This is important because there was a great demand for crops in European countries during World War II. After the war, the demand for crops plummeted and farmers continued to increase their production of crops in hopes of earning more money, which caused prices to drop 40%. This caused farmers to lose their lands when they could not pay their mortgages and loans. By creating the AAA, the farm prices increased and farmers earned more money. The third program that helped reformed the foundations of the economy was the Civilian Conservation Corps.
Herbert Hoover, the Republican president when the Great Depression started, didn’t believe government should play a large role in the economy and believed the government’s budget should always be balanced. During the depression tax revenues were way down so instead of investing money in infrastructure projects to put people to work, Hoover raised taxes. This just took more money out of the economy and was a disaster. “Finally in 1932 Hoover signed legislation creating the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. This act allocated a half billion dollars for loans to banks, corporations, and state governments.