From the 1870’s to the 1900’s, Africa was faced with European colonists. The waves consisted diplomatic pressures, military invasions, then the conquest and colonization of as much land as possible. However, the natives of Africa put up a fight against the British invasion, showing their violent nature. But, most of these forces were overwhelmed by British troops and enslaved. Then they were exploited by the British to mine expensive and valuable materials for Britain’s economic purposes.
At the beginning, most of the slaves were indentured servants, who chose free labour in the colonies for several years over a death penalty. Those were mostly European, but in the seventeenth century, Africans were sent to Virginia to work as indentured servants. While some were able to gain freedom, others fell into permanent servitude, and by 1661, all black people in Virginia were considered slaves, and their numbers raised significantly. Nonetheless, slavery started as early as the 1530s in Meso-American colonies, as their aims with agriculture were much larger, and they had difficulty employing natives outside the areas where there had been large empires, such as Peru and Mexico. It can be argued that slavery in Latin America was not only more common; but also more brutal.
Many people think that this is due to all the natural resources such a rubber,cotton,iron, and coppor found in Africa. The natural resources that were found by the Europeans were able to be sold and made a profit of. Africa had many factors that led to the Europeans imperialism, cultural benefits, greater political security, and economics. Economic factors was a driving force behind imperialism because the imperialists were in need for natural resources to improve their technology and their national pride. Another factor for imperialism was political competition.
The 12th century French monk Bernard of Clairvaux once said, “The road to Hell is paved with good intentions”. The European colonists had good intentions when spreading their influence over Africa, but like many good intentions they fell apart. The seeds of these results were planted during the late 19th century, also known as the Imperialistic Era. This era was the result of the high demands for resources due to the birth of industrialization during the late 18th century. Following these high needs, the Europeans colonized the African lands for their raw goods.
“But apart from the church, the white men had also brought a government.” This is a quote from the text “Things Fall Apart” by Chinua Achebe thats shows the first months of European colonization of Africa. Colonization is a process by which a central system of power dominates the surrounding land and its components. This is what occurred when the Europeans invaded Africa and took control of the African people and implemented different government systems and religions. Overall colonization occurred because European powers wanted to gain more economic power which caused the people of Africa to be stripped of their freedom and forced to adopt a whole new way of living. Prior to European colonization, Africa consisted of many different cultures and ethnicities.
America, before the British colonialism, is populated by the Native people and they do not have a stable economy and government. After the colonization of the European, America began to apply what they learned from the British and make up their government. And today, America is most powerful country in the world while United Kingdom is the second most powerful. If the British did not colonize America, it could still be populated with Native people until now. Even if Africa did not develop like America, it was able to become a developed country among the other third world countries.
Europeans became helpless to these diseases, so by 1833, the British government banned the slavery. The end of slavery brought the Europeans interests in imperialism and conquering colonies. European countries were interested in Africa for many reasons. Africa was filled with such incredible natural resources such as; copper, ivory, and rubber, the europeans countries competed among themselves
Since the sixteenth century and throughout the seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries, the British had secured a virtual monopoly over the transatlantic slave trade, commenced by the Portuguese in the late fifteenth century, on Nigeria’s western coast. In the nineteenth century, at the time when the movement for the abolition of slavery was prevailing in Britain, the British share in the slave trade had been much greater than any other European nation in the Nigerian region. This long-standing commercial prosperity in human slaving, however, came to an end in 1807 when Parliament in Britain made it illegal for British subjects to be involved in the African slave trade and ultimately in 1833 when another Parliamentary Act was passed and fully abolished the institution of slavery throughout the British
These crops could have helped Nigeria’s economy, unfortunately, the British people used them at their advantage. In fact, they bought them at very cheap prices and then sold them to the Nigerians at very expensive costs. Moreover, the most fertile soils were used for cash crops. Consequently, less lands were available for food crops. Unfortunately, colonialists did not only take Nigeria’s natural resources but also its
The colonized countries were mostly Africans because of the way they lived and behave, so the colonizers were using the excuse of them being not civilized and too religious. But the colonial master 's aim was to exploit the colony economy and move them to their country making the colony depend on them. Colonialism has a lot of advantages and disadvantages, the disadvantages of colonialism is far more than its advantages, the main advantage is the civilization while the strongest disadvantage is the economic dependent which the colonized nation would deny isn’t there but is definitely there (U.K. Essay 2013). One major advantage of colonialism is Education as colonists bring enlightenment with them considering the fact that they believe that they know a lot more than the country which they are lording.