d. The Reasons That Led Countries To Declare War On Each Other: Austria-Hungary: The preservation and stabilisation of the Empire. Austria had many internal problems due to the effects of nationalism. The war for them was seen as an opportunity to assert its rule. We also had some other major factors participating for example one was the reliance on the German Support. Two, there was also the belief in a quick victory and the influence of militarism.
“The Allies were joined after 1917 by the United States. The four years of the Great War was then known unprecedented levels of carnage and destruction, thanks to grueling trench warfare and the introduction of modern weaponry such as machine guns, tanks and chemical weapons.” - History.com. “Nationalism is an extreme form of patriotism and loyalty to one’s country. Nationalists place the interests of their own country above the interests of other countries. Nationalism was prevalent in early 20th century Europe and was a significant cause of World War I.
Imperialism was a major cause of WW1 because Britain, Germany and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the industrial Revolution (BBC, 2008). The three countries competed for economic expansion over the whole of Africa. This caused plenty of conflicts between France & Great Britain and between Germany on one side and France and Great Britain on the other side, almost precipitated a European war between the three nations. Sometimes colonies are acquired after a fully-fledged invasion or a fight against the local population. British control of South Africa was established after a series of campaigns and native tribes like the Zulus, followed by two magnificent wars with the Boers (farmers of Dutch extraction) (Quizlet, 2013).
Nationalism often gave citizens over-confidence in their country’s government and military strength. These beliefs often led nationalist to demonize rival countries, and think of them as deceitful or uncivilized (“Nationalism as cause”). Nationalism led to World War 1 since it drove countries against each other, as nationalists were all trying to prove their country to be superior. For example, a nationalist action that relates to World War 1 was the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand. Many nationalist organizations such as the Black Hand inspired the assassination of Ferdinand, which was an event that directly led to World War 1.
Nicole Beliakov Geography 150 Rise in nationalism in Europe is not a new phenomenon. The history of Europe is marred by two world wars, when nationalism flourished and led to the enormous loss of human lives. During these wars, manifestations of nationalism were especially overt and even obligatory because European governments needed a justification of wars in order to mobilize people, to maintain morale and readiness of citizens to provide labor, resources, and to sacrifice their lives for the cause, and nationalism was a powerful doctrine that provided such justification. After the second world war, to avoid repetition of these tragic events, European nations began their steady advance towards economic and political integration, which culminated in the establishment of the European Union. Presently, the very foundation of the EU is under the threat due to nationalism, which has risen in prominence and popularity in the context of rising inequality, immigration of people of not only different ethnicities but also different religions, economic crises, terrorism, and shortcomings of EU system of governance.
As every country's alliances became concerned then those alliance's alliances became concerned, the war grew to comprehend the complete world.Imperialism is that the gathering of colonies and within the Nineties, several countries that had not had several colonies set that they needed to possess additional colonies. This junction rectifier to a world competition for land. Imperialism may be seen as a number one explanation for WWI as a result of it created tension and competition between nations, helped the Balkan crisis, and really created WWI a “world” war. In Europe competition between nations was intense and plenty of nations seeked to be the most effective and strongest. Imperialism was quite competitive between nations and caused accrued tension in Europe.
Fascism kept on promising people the restoration of their economy and this was one of the factors that popularized Hitler, Mussolini and many others as nationalists with the mind of their countries looking forward to see great improvement in their economy. As per Miron (2011)Fascism as a type of government maintained very tight control measures over all the government institutions as well as citizens. It comes as a result of nationalism, ethnic and racial purity over all other things. Rising of fascism and Adolf Hitler in Germany is rooted in the after effects of World War I. Germany was the main blame in this war, with victorious allies imposing very tough penalties on Germany. These included making Germany pay for their wartime expenses as well as its own.
Social 20-1 Final Position Paper Jasvin Nijhar “ The 20th century has been, witness to countless acts of inhumanity in the name of ‘nation’. Nationalism has given voice and self-determination to many oppressed peoples but it has also given rise to racism and genocide. How do we weight the positives against the magnitude of the negative? Nationalism has a evil side and it should be the responsibility of all humanity to insure it does not rear its ugly head.” It is in common knowledge that Genocide primarily originated from Ultranationalism. Nationalism exists when citizens of a nation feel a sense of pride, devotion and patriotism to their country.
A tremendous amount of people wonder if America is trying to achieve world domination because of their involvement with the Middle East that is, however, a debatable and an unproven statement but it was especially true about a century ago during Theodore Roosevelt’s era. After the reparations done due to the civil war, Theodore Roosevelt strived to bring back American traditional values, that it, world expansion also known as manifest destiny. Theodore Roosevelt was an ingenious president whose aim was to make America an imperialistic nation and to colonise all the countries of the world. There is clear evidence that Roosevelt was trying to make America as a world superpower and he made it look like it was democracy even before Theodore Roosevelt’s
The Treaty of Versailles had an immense significance over Germany in 1919-1939 as it would cause large political, economical, financial, geographical, and military changes for Germany and would result in the rise of the Nazis. The Treaty of Versailles was a treaty to help “settle” international conflicts after World War 1 by deciding who was responsible for the war and how they should be punished. The treaty was written up by Great Britain, France, and The United States of America. Germany was ultimately decided as responsible for the war and was punished heavily as a result. This was in large part due to the complaints of George Clemenceau about the treaty’s original leniency.