Body Paragraph #2: Reason #2 and Evidence Supporting Sentences: Using the structure: “Evidence, Elaborate, Explain, Examples” Cite from any 2 documents and explain why this evidence shows that the results of the Crusades were more positive or negative. Introduction Sentence: The Crusades were not only just fighting, they also had goals and trade routes. One of the trade routes traded sugar, cotton, rice, and muslim, which were borrowed from Arabie. Document 8 states that Although the Crusades failed the Holy Land, they had a lasting outcome on the way the Europeans lived. This is (important/interesting/relevant) because When the Crusaders returned they Europe they had brought back spices, sugar, and silk; many nobles and merchants enjoyed the new products and wanted more of them Document 2 states that Merchants in Venice and other northern Italian cities built large fleets to carry crusaders to the Holy Land.
Arabians were spreading a set of magical stories to cover the true source of cinnamon in order to secure their trade monopoly. They were transporting cinnamon through Indian land mass which was labour intensive and time-consuming. The difficulty of getting to markets and the scarcity of the resource ended up giving cinnamon a worshiping status in the ancient
Although King Affonso I believed that creating a trading alliance with Portugal would economically benefit the Kongo ultimately it only further advanced Portugal’s economic standing. Portugal’s desire in participating in the Atlantic Slave Trade was the pursuit of profit because the slave trade was a major source of wealth. For example, “the Portuguese created in the Indian Ocean is commonly known as a “trading post empire,” for they aimed to control commerce, not large territories or populations, and to do so by force of arms rather than by economic competition” (Strayer, 673). Portugal’s desire to have complete control over commerce in their trading posts is emphasized in their relationship with the Kongo and in King Affonso’s Letters to King Jao of Portugal. The economic advantages the slave trade brought to the New World and Europe was also linked to the religious faith of Africans.
For example, military campaigns contributed to the spread of Islam because while Muslims captured new land, they spread their religion at the same time. Another way Islam spread was through trade and trade routes in Mecca. As people traded and traveled through Mecca, they picked up on the Islamic religion and spread it to the lands they were traveling to. Lastly, people were attracted to the Islamic messages, which also contributed to the spread of Islam. Although a power vacuum in the region might explain some of it, Islam’s quick spread had three main causes: military conquest of new lands, bringing the Islamic faith with them.
The concept of the “Atlantic Paradox” involves viewing the Atlantic Ocean as both a moat and a bridge between the continents. While physically separating America from Europe and Africa, the Atlantic Ocean has also served as a means to get from one place to another, bringing fortunes for some and terror for others. The Atlantic Paradox affected the peoples of Europe, Africa, and America first through being a barrier of safety, yet also helping to ignite the slave trade, introduce different cultures, and make Europeans wealthy while decimating native populations. During the 15th century, Europeans were able to gain the knowledge enabling them to sail the Atlantic Ocean, first around Africa and eventually, all the way to America. The Atlantic
Originally, this system was to help “civilize” local populations as well as give them Christianity, which was viewed as a valuable commodity. Of course, this quickly devolved into what amounted to a prize system where those favored by the Crown would be given essentially governorship over large tracts of land, and were then expected to ensure that economically viable goods were returned to Spain in exchange. These groups were also typically given the task of town building as well, which incurred population growth in the region. This system, alongside what could easily be described as plagues ravaged the local populations and required that new slaves (typically African in origin) be found, further pushing forward the slave trade as early as 1501 (Baym 6). Alongside physical destruction of populations, as a result of the often religious pretext and hard labor, many traditions and cultural history of local tribes were wholly dismantled, leaving Native populations without a viable history or tradition, a curse shared with African slaves as
Due to Portugal’s successful colonization, the Spanish began to plan their own colonization. In 1492, Christopher Columbus and the Spanish discovered the New World. Columbus was trying to find a more efficient and faster route to Asia. While using his knowledge of the wind and current patterns, they discovered the New World. The Spanish found different kinds of wealth within in the New World, many of Spanish wasn’t looking wealth.
Throughout the sixteenth century different factors such as economy, society and religion had varying effects on the government policies of the Spaniards before and after the colonization of the Americas. Government policy in the New World was wholly reformed due to the Spanish attitudes in relation to the lands and people they conquered. As the Spaniards established control over the Americas, labour policies were adjusted as to better exploit newly conquered lands and people. Since the Spanish thirsted for gold, they soon discovered many foreign resources that quickly became popular in the western hemisphere. These newly discovered resources caused Spanish trade and commerce to flourish.
The Spanish and Portuguese had been exploring the new world far before the fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans, but the pressure of the newly rising empire pushed the idea of the “Three G’s” furthermore. The Ottomans conquered Constantinople in 1453, renaming the city Istanbul. Because of the convenient location of the city, the Ottomans now had control over the Silk Roads. They took advantage of this and forced the European nations to pay high taxes for Asian luxury goods. The unfair taxing of the nations led to the desire to “cut out the middleman” and trade directly with the Far East.
The 12th century French monk Bernard of Clairvaux once said, “The road to Hell is paved with good intentions”. The European colonists had good intentions when spreading their influence over Africa, but like many good intentions they fell apart. The seeds of these results were planted during the late 19th century, also known as the Imperialistic Era. This era was the result of the high demands for resources due to the birth of industrialization during the late 18th century. Following these high needs, the Europeans colonized the African lands for their raw goods.
The Mongol conquest started in early thirteenth century and ended early 1400s, encompassing most of Asia during these period. Another significant invasion that involved the European and the Americas occurred starting in 1450. Both the nomadic and European expansion immensely impacted their subject population by bringing destruction through diseases. Although the Mongols did not attempt to spread a faith, the Europeans were in search of new Christian converts. While the Europeans’ purpose was to look for direct contact with Asian trade routes, their introduction of the Americas to Afro-Eurasia led to a greater phenomenon, globalization.
The nomadic style of the Mongols would prevent them from deeming anything they plundered in Asia useful to them, so they send it west via the Silk Road to trade in Europe. Development resumed and alternate routes were found across the Indian Ocean, which allowed for large amounts of goods to be shipped much more safely, directly to Europe. This would be the slingshot that gets Europe out of the Middle Ages a few hundred years later with the development of gunpowder, and the printing press. Gunpowder would give central government much more power and remove power from nobles, and the printing press would facilitate the spread of information much faster to many more people. Nobles knew they were getting pinched out of power, mentioned in the Bohemund at Antioch, “At last, all the noble leaders who were at Constantinople were assembled.