Expansionism in America during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century shared many similarities and differences to that of previous American ideals. In both cases of American expansionism, Americans used the theory of manifest destiny to justify their conquests for new territory. Later, Social Darwinism was added to the mix, which made Americans even more big-headed. Both of these theories caused Americans to believe that the United States was superior to other nations and that all lands were theirs for the taking. However, there were also many differences between the two expansionist periods because some people supported imperialism while others were highly opposed to the idea.
Imperialism is a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. It is a great way to strengthen the economy and gain power and territory for countries that practice it, though it often failed and resulted in war and the deaths of innocents. Four intellectuals that played a big part in influencing American imperialism were Frederick Jackson Turner, Alfred T. Mahan, Herbert Spencer and John Fisk. All of these influencers had different ideologies and came together to justify American imperialism. They believed America needed to expand power and gain territories.
During the Colonial Period there were many complications involving the British rule and how much power the king should have since he was trying to rule from thousands of miles away. The king sent troops and placed taxes on common luxuries, but there was so much he could do before the people of the American colonies got angry and wanted to fight back. Two influential writings at that time were Thomas Paine’s Common Sense and Patrick Henry’s speech “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death” . They both encourage the colonists to join the revolutionary cause by using rhetoric. Both works are well know and they made a lasting impact in the Revolutionary War and in the nation’s history.
The war of 1812 pitted the young America against the large empowered force of Britain, as well as many native Americans. This war was a huge influential factor in the growth of America from that point on. Britain's tyrannical rule over America and Canada eventually brought America to war. Although they suffered many casualties, American troops pushed the redcoats back and boosted the nation's confidence. The outcome of this war affected America’s foreign policies, economy, and society as a whole.
Kevin Marcotte Mr. Eaton Period: G 3/6/17 Guerilla tactics of the American Colonials helped their war effort Anyone who knows anything about the American Revolution knows that the Colonist’s militias were known for their battle tactics. They had multiple different tactics but most commonly know is their guerilla warfare tactics. Guerilla tactics were a major reason for the victory of the war. Instead of the traditional warfare Britain used guerilla tactics were more successful due to its sense of surprise. Although the British have fought wars all around the world they weren’t ready for these new tactics.
Both nationalism and sectionalism emerged after the War of 1812. Nationalism grew in the United States because of the victory at New Orleans. Americans were proud to be called Americans. America might have seemed like they were united; however, they were divided also by a growing belief of sectionalism. Sectionalism spread like a disease, affecting the minds of Americans.
Americans won their independence because they continued to fight. Again and again during the war, they reached points when they could have thrown in the towel.” (Kelly, Jack)The harsh outcome of war can have a very negative affect on people, especially civilians, however, the American’s persevered. The American’s may have had the odds against them in number but because of their courage, strength and perseverance we were able to push through the war and come out victorious, earning our freedom once and for
Furthermore, they wanted to start revolution against decisions made by their tragic excuse of a czar, Nicholas II. These transactions proposed as the idea of a revolution gained followers and grew greatly in hopes to create change. These transactions were right because they opposed what the people needed, which was equal treatment and protection for not only people of higher authority, but yet for everyone. Once Lenin gained control of Russia as new czar, great changes were created. As proposed, Lenin followed through with his wanted changes and made them present in Russian society.
Liberal ideas were in favor of the majority in the country so it paved way for further unification as an independent state which emerged from all hierarchy. In order to defeat other powerful enemies, a strong state would have more advantages as it served as a collective defense. Nationalism accelerated the process of unification since it utilized the military force and political support from a large number of patriots and liberalists. Nationalism which was the emphasizing of the national identifying, and aspiration of independence promotes the unification of Italy and Germany because it focused on the majority’s voice in the country. James Stuart Mill, (Doc 2) who was a proponent of national identity, accentuated the necessity of a constitution
Factors include Prince Metternich, the middle class in countries get involved, and ideas of imperialism and many others brought people together as one to be called nationalism. Nationalism was strongly endorsed by the middle class in most countries, including intellectuals, professors, students and journalists. These groups of middle class professionals were also the driving force behind the liberal movement where that coincides with nationalism. The idea that society could progress and reform was tied to nationalism and is part of the appeal that captivated the middle class. Those who would have opposed the idea of nationalism would have been the same people who opposed liberal reform, namely those already in a position of power including a king, someone part of the government, etc.
Alliances helped cause the war because nations would be against each other and they would also want to be dominant. Although there were many reasons that caused World War I, Militarism, Imperialism, and Allies were the main factors. Militarism made nations want to prove their power. Imperialism caused distrust and propaganda. Allies caused nations to fight for dominance.
The drafting of this document was another step forward in representative government, and the document itself provides a strong basis for Conservative and Libertarian thought. It also greatly influenced the Bill of Rights and the later Constitution. The document itself is eloquently written and splits into two main sections. The first part of The Declaration of Independence listed a view of what a government should do for its people, it advocates a weaker form of Minarchism, and the rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The latter part of the Declaration lists complaints against King George and intellectually justifies the new nation.
Eventually, “a European war broke out. Why? Because in each country [of Europe] political and military leaders did certain things that led to the mobilization [of troops].” Leaders wanted the best military in Europe, even the world, which meant they tried to beat friends and enemies alike. This made for the means for Europe to break into a world-scale
The English assumed that because they were from a large and powerful society, they could assert dominance over the Pamunkeys and their allies and use it to their own gain. They also believed that inevitably their relationship with the Pamunkeys would turn to violence, and so, alongside their assumptions, they committed violent
They all jumped in to help their friends that were pointing a finger at somebody else. The war could’ve just been a spat between Austria-Hungary and Serbia if Russia hadn’t been so eager to protect the other countries, like Serbia, they had an ethnic tie with. Although there are many possible reasons for the war, militarism, imperialism, and alliances are the main three with alliances being the most main reason. Militarism and imperialism riled up the countries, making them angry and afraid, but alliances really pushed the countries over the edge into the war. It all just piled up into one big, bad heap of hatred that spurred the countries