Being a somewhat xenophobic society the Greeks, in this case the Phaeacians, must guarantee that the visitor is friend and not foe, prior opening their homes in hospitality. If they could not receive proof of his noble lineage, Odysseus ran the risk of execution or expulsion. There plays the role of pride; a hero must maintain his air of pride, and self-acknowledgment in his own accomplishments, tales of glory, and brawn, otherwise he is deemed weak in mind and spirit or perhaps seen as an unknown, and therefore, a
Athens and Sparta are better in different aspects. For example, Sparta discouraged superfluous arts, but Athens appreciated them. This aspect is evident by the Athenian ruins, and that Sparta has no remnants of their history besides the tombs of their generals. This aspect concludes that Athens had more to lose during the Peloponnesian War. Athens had an empire, they stood up for values, they were the school of Greece, while Sparta were clinching onto their dear iron bars.
Although The Iliad is known as an epic poem, the poem contrasts the conflict of war as the sole method to further understand wisdom in humanity. From the grief of the Greeks and the Trojans comes greater understanding of the price of war. According to “The Type of Stories Chart” the epic poem is categorized as a success story of Greeks in the Trojan war, but the poem sobers the success of the Greeks with the constant reminder of death in war. In
By the way, in ancient Greek culture, vengeance was normal and sometimes it was encouraged by others. Ancestors from Ancient Greek thought that revenge was form of justice and that was of prime importance as a means of survival for the people of early
He stands by everything he has said. Pericles was respected and liked in Athenian society, and Socrates was neither respected nor liked. Socrates questioned everything about the way people lived their lives and their beliefs. Pericles believed that Athens was the best and the way that they lived was the right way and there should be no other way of life. With the way that Pericles and Socrates lived they would clearly have different views of life.
Aristotle says to live well is to live in accordance with virtues. Virtues that are morally good are right. I think the MacManus brothers display master morality. In their minds there are only good and bad people. I think for the MacManus brothers everything is black and white, either you are good and help others or you are evil and hurt others.
The charges of impiety in the Apology are more direct. He explains that the entire defense he has stated is upon his strong belief in the Greek god, Apollo who he thinks that gave him a sign, a divine sign. The definition of impiety he talks about is the gods. He states that “ Piety is what dear to the Gods and impiety is what is not dear to them. In this statement, it is not as clear on what is really matters to the gods or what is important to them.
From Greek mythology, we can learn about the favorable characteristics of humans, such as their behavior and valuable skills that were approved of by the ancient Greek society. We can also learn about what was viewed as immoral or of little value. In addition, reviewing the Greek myths allows us to determine that the Greek society was generally a patriarchal society and agricultural and war were strong elements that shaped the ancient Greek society. Greek mythology and religion were integral parts of the ancient Greek society. The Greeks followed a polytheist religion in which multiple gods represented various aspects of the nature as well as skills practiced by mankind.
When he was given a choice between long, uneventful, but happy life and forthcoming, but glorious death on the battlefield, he chose the latter, preferring eternal fame to family life. The theme of kleos can be explained by the hero cult, which was widely popular during Classical times. Heroes were a major component of Greek religion and of equal importance as gods, but their attraction consisted in the fact that they were local and therefore more exclusive than the gods. They were important to the Greeks as they were closer to humans than gods, and helped define the limits of human aspirations, acting as symbols for all of the qualities humans wished to possess and dreams they wished to realise. Depiction of a hero in the Iliad differs from Troy.
However, Roman culture developed a new ideology and the creation of a different political, social and economic organization that provided own ways. In fact, the works of Roman art, as a whole, have a different appearance and Greek art when interpreted from the point of view that his intention is different from the Greek, Roman art is seen in a different light. Roman culture was very tolerant of the traditions of the conquered peoples, provided no attempt on the security of the Empire. Assimilative capacity was so intense that even absorbed the gods and other beliefs that helped shape a varied and syncretic religion. Roman art and culture assimilated both Greek heritage as the Etruscan and Hellenistic Middle East and Egypt.