Figure 1. Head support (Retrieved from Guidelines for Use of Secondary Postural Support Devices by Wheelchair Users During Travel in Motor Vehicles, 2006) Anterior head support TransSPOT(2010) writes that the anterior head support is not a recommended postural support device of wheelchair users for transportation use because of the occupants may suffer from a neck hyperextension injury in a frontal car crash. If one is necessary to use this device or any form of forehead strap during transportation, Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Wheelchair Transportation Safety(2006) recommends that: It should be automatically release but at the lowest force exerted during a crash and still able to maintain effective head support purpose A soft neck collar that is independent of the wheelchair can be applied concurrently but not obstructing the airway like tracheostomy. Beware the forehead strap from slipping downward and tying to the user’s neck Figure 2. Anterior head support (Retrieved from
Transport wheelchairs are usually light, folding chairs with four small wheels. These chairs are designed to be pushed by a caregiver to provide mobility for patients outside the home or more common medical settings. Experiments have also been made with unusual variant wheels, like the omini wheel or mechanism wheel. These allow for a broader spectrum of movement. The electric wheelchair shown on the right is fitted with Mecanum wheels (sometimes known as Ilon wheels) which give it complete freedom of
Say, you are using a wheelchair. It will be better if you modify the height of your kitchen counter so that you don't overreach. Also, make all kitchen tools and appliances close by or place them on the lower shelves for easier accessibility. Use the right type of mobility aid Aside from modifying your home, you also have to use the right type of mobility aid according to your needs. Mobility aids come in a variety of forms but they are all designed to provide you greater stability and balance and assist you to go from one place to another independently.
Usually, a moped rider has no necessity to possess a license to drive it. This means that any two-wheeler whose engine capacity is less that 50 cc can be driven without seeking the driving license from the Department of Transportation (DOT), but it is supposed to be registered with DOT. On the other hand, a scooter is supposed to be driven with a valid driving license offered by the DOT besides registering the vehicle with the department. You will be offered the license only after passing a skill test (both theory and practical), conducted by DOT. Usually, the theory exam will consist of questions of objective type, which will be based on the traffic rules to be followed while driving the vehicle.
Over the years, many refinements have been made to improve wheelchairs in order to ensure safety, comfort, manoeuvrability, durability, low propulsion effort, and other desirable features required in a wheelchair. However, only a few researches have been done on foot accessibility, and available solutions to overcome the issue. In this report, the existing technology and solutions, linked to foot accessibility, will be examined, and possible refinements will be made to further improve the available
Neither age group will purchase or find interest in a shoe that looks intimidating. Children find ease and interest in anything colorful, musical, and bright; while elderly men and women prefer more neutral colors. For that reason, each pair should be designed accordingly. The child’s shoe design will have bright colors and imagery. While the elderly’s shoe design will be kept simple to a one to two neutral color minimum.
Some examples of devices that make use of assistive technology include newly developed computer programs, traffic signals and electric wheelchairs. At the same time, the concept of accessibility also involves the application of adaptive technology which refers to the modification of already existing devices to enable various categories of people such as the disabled to use them in everyday life. For instance, any modifications made to a wheelchair or listening device such as a wheelchair would fall in the realm of adaptive technology. Global
For highly disabled people, nonetheless, these interfaces are of no use. They would need something they could use without muscle movements they would need a BCI (Jiang, Tham, Yeo, & Phu, 2012). With that, such people would recover a part of their independence in mobility through the wheelchair. Through the BCI they would achieve the ability to command. And that would be, of course, not limited to that wheelchair.
However, these devices can only assist the blind at a pedestrian crossing. Importance of Public transport : Public transport is the only viable mobility option for the most of the visually challenged in our country. 87% of the visually challenged individuals live in developing countries where no other viable option exists. Reliable access to public transport is a precursor for seeking education, employment, social integration Fig 2 2 The need arises due to the following reasons : 1) In the bus transport system the route number is only displayed on the number plate. A visually challenged person has to rely on sighted assistance 2) Difficulty during non-office hours and at less-frequently used bus
Proposed system: The following are the several advantages of introducing smart wheelchair technology: a) User can give their input directly into the processors from there to the wheelchair’s motors. b) There are optical encoders to track the wheelchair’s velocity. c) Different modes in which the wheelchair can be