1. Introduction Duke Ellington said "Billy Strayhorn was my right arm, my left arm, all the eyes in the back of my head, the brainwaves in his head and mine." Billy Strayhorn was an America jazz pianist, songwriter, and arranger and mainly worked with Duke Ellington. After Duke Ellington find his talent in 1938, Strayhorn worked actively in the world of jazz. He has a great impact on development of jazz as well as his works influenced future jazz musicians.
Eleanor Feagan, most commonly known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz musician and singer-songwriter who had a career lasting nearly 30 years. The way she sang had been strongly inspired by jazz instrumentalists and introduced a new way of controlling phrasing and tempo. She carried an abundant amount of emotion and character in her voice, in addition to her material. Holiday is one of the most influential jazz musicians of all time and has had an everlasting influence on American music. The Harlem Renaissance was the “rebirth” of African American social and intellectual life during the 1920s and 1930s.
Some times called hot jazz, it’s roots can be traced to New Orleans and consisted of a horn playing a melody and a higher and lower horn playing around that melody. It became very popular in the early 1900’s and the rhythm was supplied by bass and drums. By the 1930’s young black musicians wanted to develop their own styles and many studied the teachings of
Though African Americans lived under constant fear of death and pain in the Gilded Age, all was not pain and sorrow. In the 1920s the African American was starting in earnest to place his or her stamp on American culture as a whole. It is in the era the seeds of revolution were planted that would bear fruit in the Civil Rights era of the mid 20th century. As the African Americans in New Orleans did make jazz the African Americans in New York and Chicago made Jazz what it is today and it helped many people see that what they live in is not what the have to stay
Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington was most famous for his musical contribution to the Harlem Renaissance. His profound love for his jazz music added to the sounds of the “New Negro Movement”. Duke played almost exclusively at the Harlem Cotton club. He was a jazz legend for over fifty years, He
Jazz music had been around long before the 1920's because it was played by African Americans. Once white people stopped and listened, they fell in love. It became the craze and way of life. Jazz outlasted its era and was completely "American" (Baughman Vol. 3).
Jazz came from New Orleans where Africans, French, Caribbean, and English were known to communicate with each other. Many musicians like Louie Armstrong and Duke Ellington were strongly influenced by ragtime, marches, and the blues. Louie Armstrong’s’ West Side Blues is an example where you could see hints of a march and blues even though it is considered a Jazz hit.
Jazz music has its roots in Black slave culture and arts. The white culture of the time saw these influences as “savage” and deteriorating to their music. Some saw the role of jazz as a platform for a change. Jazz was a way to bring together the different cultures. During the 1920s and 1930s jazz began to be popular and interesting among young people, black and whites.
Harlem became the center of a “spiritual coming of age” in which Locke’s “New Negro” transformed “social disillusionment to race pride.” Many people would come to Harlem to hear the jazz music being played by musicians such as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington. Writers and black scholars such as Langston Hughes and Zora Neal Hurston gained popularity in Harlem also. The Harlem Renaissance brought together many people of many colors and beliefs to appreciate the talent and culture of African
• This encouraged the popularity and growth of jazz music. • Jazz went from only playing in New Orleans to becoming a staple of the America airwaves, dance halls and homes” • The 1930’s brought a new style of jazz “big band swing”. These musical ensembles associated with the swing era. They generally consisted of 12 to 25 musicians. • Swing has a rhythmic feeling of a combination of tension and relaxation.