Dominic Akandwanaho HUID: 40871950 AAAS 16: Sociology of the black community TF: Khytie Brown In his book, Black Citymakers: How the Philadelphia Negro Changed Urban America, Marcus Hunter addresses a critical aspect of scholarship about structural racial discrimination and inequality that had not been previously given much scholarly examination. He attempts to explore the responses and reaction of people in weak positions—the truly disadvantaged, to systemic racial discrimination and social inequality. Specifically, he examines a black community in the Seventh ward of Philadelphia —a community that, according to previous work done by W.E Du Bois in The Philadelphia Negro, is faced with many social ills such as poverty and crime.
The jobless impoverishment has really change but not for the better in many ways it got worse the part from Wilson point of view is that the inner city got better compare to the earlier stages. The inner city represent places where African America live and what happened to those people who live in the middle occur the civil right movement which have political communicate the pass the civil right bill and the voting right bill remember this world is illegally segregation and the institutional communal ghetto part of the reason people live there significant of African American is that illegally segregation by law and part what the civil right does about to make it legal so in this world who possible for a property owner to decide for whatever reason not to sell a pieces of property to African American because it’s legal to discriminate and one of the things the civil right succeed is making a part what is illegal to discriminate, but as this began to form as jobless rate begin to goes up what tends to happened in these world institutional communal ghetto as the jobless rate raise less people are involved that is the fact that discriminate is become is technique illegal through the civil right bill facilitate the old middle class mean the professional to do something about its to move where the job are and so far for someone to discriminate you for the housing or the job itself you have to move to a places where they don’t discriminate you. For Wilson, the real tragedy not just the ghetto becoming less job, but as jobless begin to go up people that was aware begin to move out based upon is this the communal dimension of this increase the
This is just as important to understand this as Scottsboro Boys because this shows what years of racism and poverty did to his childhood. This book can help people understand what black people had to deal with. It is vital that people understand the message of this novel so they know the importance of standing up to
In this essay, the main themes discussed would be an overview of the Chicago School of Sociology, Birmingham School and how they meet and differ in their theories. Chicago School of Sociology was the first department of sociology emerging during the 1920s and 1930s specializing in urban sociology, it’s distinguished from other departments by ethnographic methods. The school is famous for its concepts of the subcultures as a group of deviant youth whose coming into view had to do with the interaction and perception of self against those of
The ‘stop snitching’ is a phenomenon that is very prevalent in the African American communities. In the United States, it is recorded that African American as a group are disproportionately poor and often live in area with high crime rate. Research has tried to explain racial inequalities in urban crime. Most of the research has focuses on the context of poverty, which focuses on the structural changes in economic in our culture. Conflict theorists proposed that because of the poverty in some of these communities, it has led to individuals to develop the concept of ‘stop snitching’ because illegal activities for some of these individuals are a way of life.
Factors that may be characterized as risky are found in the individual, the environment, or the individual’s response ability to demands or requirements of the environment, In “The Ghetto Made Me Do It” by Francis Flaherty, Flaherty writes about the influence of growing up in the Ghetto , and it (the Ghetto) influences the behavior by the people who have been influenced by that environment. An example of the influence would be when Flaherty writes, “ “If nothing else, Lisa Morgan’s childhood in a poor, inner-city Milwaukee neighborhood starkly illustrates the tragic effects of omnipresent urban violence. “Mom shot dad,” Shellow says. “And Mom shot boyfriend…. [Lisa’s] uncle, who was actually her age, was murdered.
From the perspective of urban planning and the socio-cultural structure of cities, the landscape shown in the 1991 John Singleton film Boyz n the Hood brings to mind one of the foremost problems in the field of planning: that of urban decay. More specfically, the film presents some of teh socio-cultural phenomena that contribute to urban decay, such as forms of systematic racism in American life, whereby marginalized minority groups, such as the African-American community are essentially segregated to specific communities, and the corresponding difference in social class, where working class and poor communities are caught in environments of urban decay. At the same time, by presenting the conditions for urban decay, the viewer can also think through some of the positions which could reverse the effects of urban decay. If urban decay is caused by isolation and segregation along racial and class lines, than positions which seek to negotiate these boundaries, for example, by focusing on improving the quality of life of the affected area, can be effective means to reverse the phenomenon. One definition of urban decay is the following: “Urban decay exists in an area where the
Theresa Flores’s “The Slave Across the Street,” is a personal anecdote whose main purpose is to make Americans aware of the reality of human trafficking being in the U.S. and in our neighborhoods. The book shows how even in seemingly good life situations, traffickers are able to pick out and victimize those that are vulnerable. This does not only happen in third world countries, or in inner city, low income housing. Human trafficking is apparent throughout the U.S., in all levels of socio-economic classes. By Flores telling her story, she achieves the purpose in showing a different side of human trafficking that most people do not realize it has.
Physiological Prison, a Hood Mentality The mindset in the Black Urban Community, also referred to as the “Hood” is one that is delusional where criminal actions are acceptable and bettering oneself is looked down upon. I have witnessed personally the lifestyle of those in the hood and selfish/selfless mentality they possess. While doing my research I came across a video documentary of the everyday life in the Black Urban Community. The video shed light on the thought process that those that live in these communities and how this process becomes a cycle that is on repeat generation after generation.
Third, I will examine the criticism put forward by Molefi Kete Asante, who argued that ‘double-consciousness’ should not be seen as a universal feature of black life in America since it only applies to African-Americans in certain positions in society. However, I will conclude that through looking at modern society we can see that Du Bois’ work continues to be influential and thus must be taken to be a sound investigation into ‘The Souls of Black Folk’. In the first chapter of ‘The Souls of Black Folk’, Du Bois defined ‘double consciousness’ as a ‘sense of always looking at one’s self through the eyes of others, of measuring one’s soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity’ (1903). Du Bois emphasised the feeling of inner conflict African-Americans feel: being Black, where you are labeled as a ‘problem’ (1903) and are ignored, pitied and stigmatised, and being American, which serves as a constant reminder of a legacy of oppression.
The Voice of Change Throughout the nineteenth century, the African American social and economic life in the United States and parts of western Europe were revolutionized. A period to attain vast racial equality was quickly developed. Du Bois’ various ideas and activism was a key part to sparking the Civil Rights Movement. Du Bois used his journalistic writing to condemn the increased repression of formerly enslaved African Americans in the South in the form of legalized segregation and the rise of lynching.
In what way is poverty important in the novel? Poverty is significant in the novel as it expresses how they were living in 1937, is shows how they lived and what they did for jobs and an income. The great depression shows poverty through the wall street crash. 15.5 million were unemployed by march 1933, which was around the time is was set . George and Lennie are traveling to soledad, to a ranch to find work.
we still have today and which someone knowledgeable on the situation would call “ghettoization” (Jackson). Massey and Denton’s book, American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass, hits strong on this topic of “residential segregation”. Massey and Denton, both went hand and hand with what Jackson was saying. This is a well organized, well-written and greatly researched book.
“The Views of the Great Depression (1932)” is taken from a book called Hard Times: An Oral History of the Great Depression by Studs Terkel. Terkel was an oral historian who wrote books on specific topics based on his interviews with everyday people (“Studs”). He was born on May 16, 1912 in New York City and he lived until October of 2008 (“Studs”). Terkel wrote this source to publicize the views of oppressed people during the Great Depression rather than focusing on the average, working, white man at the time.
11. Richard Wright’s novel Native Son brought him both critical acclaim and commercial success. What factors attributed to this and how did this differ from what other African American writers in previous literary periods experienced? 12. What prestigious award did Margaret Walker receive for her poem For My People?