Whipple Review Paper

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Whipple (2004) conducted a meta-analysis of nine quantitative studies comparing music and no music situations with children and adolescents with ASD. The analysis included music use in any forms during the intervention, such as background music and music use in conjunction with other interventions. The study resulted in an overall effect size of d = .77 and a mean weighted correlation of r = .36 (p = .00). The researchers concluded that music was effective as an intervention irrespective of the purpose or implementation. However, Whipple's review could account for music use in any form but did not look at music therapy as a solitary intervention. In addition, this review relied heavily on unpublished manuscripts and only three studies included
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