These social conditions consist of socioeconomic status (SES), access to flexible resources (i.e. knowledge, power, money, education, social support), ethnicity, gender, and social network. Likewise, ‘fundamental social causes’ can determine if certain populations of people can minimize their risk for morbidity and mortality because these ‘social causes’ or determinants are linked to multiple risk factors that may lead to disease progression and adverse health outcomes (Link & Phelan, 1995). Because social and economic resources are significant determinants, ‘fundamental social causes’ are linked to multiple disease outcomes and multi-risk factor mechanisms (i.e. fundamental social causes have effects on disease despite the changes in risk factors) (Link & Phelan, 1995). Moreover, TFC is derived from a concept by Stanley Liberson, a sociologist, that causality consist of ‘basic causes’ that have significant effects such as when one effect in a mechanism declines, the effect of another becomes more prominent – it’s an inverse relationship (Link & Phelan, 1995).
CURRENT RELATED RESEARCH (FEMINIST RESEARCH): There is no one best method for feminist research the situation or context guides the choice of the method to be used. Methodological choices are made depending on the particular situation or context, instead of having a trust in the method as appropriate for every context and situation (Greaves et al., 1995, p. 334. The feminist researcher also recognise that men benefit from this gender privileges but that there are some group of men who are disadvantaged by other factors socially.
“Extreme sexism,” on the other hand, may foster sexual harassment, rape and other forms of sexual violence. In the same manner that people give more importance to people, who are physically and mentally whole over the person who is physically and mentally disadvantaged. Normally, those people with marked disability are treated worthless in the Society and are regarded as a big burden in life that many do not give them importance or attention anymore that they continue to experience physical and mental regression. I understand how it feels to become a victim of “Racism/Judgmentalism” and “Sexism/Preferentialism,” because I myself have experienced prejudice and discrimination inside and outside the church being a woman and a citizen of the third world country. Similar to what had Nelle Morton felt, “the very foundation of my earth likewise shook.”
Social norms are the unwritten rules of society, e.g. what is expected of us such as: holding doors open, wearing gender specific clothes. This means if you were expressing individuality you would be classed as abnormal. There are no universal set of rules because it changes with time, culture and religions , this means you would be classed as abnormal in some places and times. If you are gay or wear the opposites genders clothes then you would also be classed as abnormal, the problem about this would be, again different for other cultures because things are not the same across cultures, what is normal in one culture could differ in another as written by McLeod(2008). To define abnormality, it would be when people do not follow what is the
As for my own professional presence compared to the Body-Mind Model not only do I consider the physical body and mind but I also recognize the influences of social and environmental factors such as, relationships, socioeconomic status and even a person’s climate. I believe that one’s mental, physical, and environmental state is of great importance when it comes to the practice of health and
However, even though we could not all agree on which race a particular person was, we could agree that the people in the pictures had importance as human beings and were all objectively human. To undermine the bases of growing racial conflicts based upon the color of a person’s
It may also transform health workers from being moral guardians to cultural change agents in their health promotion roles. Thus, conscientisation can enhance a radical change of social norms and values that disempower adolescents, communities and health workers to carry out ASRH promotion roles in culturally-conservative societies. It can enable people to emerge from oppressive structures created and sustained by the social
Ageism is also an easy target for sexual assault. They fear shame especially in relation to sexual
A disabled person is restricted by what they cannot do. Within the Medical model framework an individual’s limitations are the primary source of their difficulties faced and these issues can only be corrected through
Doctor Parikh, Parker, Nurss Baker and Williams believe that many patients with low literacy may not admit they have difficulty reading because of shame; more importantly they exposed that African-Americans men are more likely to have education less than a high school and be over the age of 60 years old (Williams, 1996). When the consumer is not educated this can disincentive the communication level possibly leaving the patient uninsured or underinsured. If the consumer is in good health we relate that to a level of education about healthcare. Health literacy is a very vital part of healthcare. We as health care providers are able to check what types of patients whom we are serving low levels of literacy.
About the social construction of sex/gender, he would totally disagree with it since his comments about women being inferior prove that he believed that it is the traits, genes and IQ level, which make women inferior, not just the society. Darwin would probably criticize the concept of social construction of race and more certainly of sex/gender because of his theories of origins of humans. He would argue that some races have evolved and progressed more than others progress and this would just be possible due to the genetic makeup of them including traits. Sexual selection is Darwin’s theory in which, he says certain physical, mental or psychological traits evolved because they assist in competition among individuals for access to preferred mates or because they are improvements of traits that help to attract mates. Everywhere in his writings, he has talked about males or females, nothing about intersexual transsexuals/homosexuals.
As a result, many of this group fail to access health care to treat their health condition properly and result in complications and death. This negatively affects African Americans or blacks resulting in barriers to accessing health care. The individuals are negatively affected in their interaction due to communication difficulty especially those who have heavy ascents Hence, patient and provider cares are poor because of lacking the understanding and important health concerns from the patient. Psychological and cultural factors affect African American with stigma but the women in another hand culturally are psychological strong (Belgrave & Abrams, 2016). AAHP progresses in the health outcome of the African descendants in Montgomery County.
We live in a world riddled with inequality. These opinions on what kind of person is better is what’s holding back society as a whole. Though many people think that sexes are unequal, and should be assigned different roles, this is in fact the opposite of what needs to be done. Society should not have predetermined roles for people based on their sex. (transition to body paragraph) Laws that dictate what people can and cannot do based on their biology are simply tools of discrimination.
According to Whitewashed, to be white in a white supremacist society is to deny the idea of racism. (George, 2013). In our culture though the history of blacks and coloured are looked back on as people with diseases and