These social conditions consist of socioeconomic status (SES), access to flexible resources (i.e. knowledge, power, money, education, social support), ethnicity, gender, and social network. Likewise, ‘fundamental social causes’ can determine if certain populations of people can minimize their risk for morbidity and mortality because these ‘social causes’ or determinants are linked to multiple risk factors that may lead to disease progression and adverse health outcomes (Link & Phelan, 1995). Because social and economic resources are significant determinants, ‘fundamental social causes’ are linked to multiple disease outcomes and multi-risk factor mechanisms (i.e. fundamental social causes have effects on disease despite the changes in risk factors) (Link & Phelan, 1995).
CURRENT RELATED RESEARCH (FEMINIST RESEARCH): There is no one best method for feminist research the situation or context guides the choice of the method to be used. Methodological choices are made depending on the particular situation or context, instead of having a trust in the method as appropriate for every context and situation (Greaves et al., 1995, p. 334. The feminist researcher also recognise that men benefit from this gender privileges but that there are some group of men who are disadvantaged by other factors socially. e.g. poor men of colour are denied access to societal resources and rewards than white middle –class women.
“Extreme sexism,” on the other hand, may foster sexual harassment, rape and other forms of sexual violence. In the same manner that people give more importance to people, who are physically and mentally whole over the person who is physically and mentally disadvantaged. Normally, those people with marked disability are treated worthless in the Society and are regarded as a big burden in life that many do not give them importance or attention anymore that they continue to experience physical and mental regression. I understand how it feels to become a victim of “Racism/Judgmentalism” and “Sexism/Preferentialism,” because I myself have experienced prejudice and discrimination inside and outside the church being a woman and a citizen of the third world country. Similar to what had Nelle Morton felt, “the very foundation of my earth likewise shook.” In Japan, I have experienced to work with Japanese Pastors, who are very protective of their conditioned patriarchal cultural faith and religion that they only authorize men to lead important ministries in
Social norms are the unwritten rules of society, e.g. what is expected of us such as: holding doors open, wearing gender specific clothes. This means if you were expressing individuality you would be classed as abnormal. There are no universal set of rules because it changes with time, culture and religions , this means you would be classed as abnormal in some places and times. If you are gay or wear the opposites genders clothes then you would also be classed as abnormal, the problem about this would be, again different for other cultures because things are not the same across cultures, what is normal in one culture could differ in another as written by McLeod(2008).
As for my own professional presence compared to the Body-Mind Model not only do I consider the physical body and mind but I also recognize the influences of social and environmental factors such as, relationships, socioeconomic status and even a person’s climate. I believe that one’s mental, physical, and environmental state is of great importance when it comes to the practice of health and
Race is clearly a relative term based upon individual person’s perceptions. However, even though we could not all agree on which race a particular person was, we could agree that the people in the pictures had importance as human beings and were all objectively human. To undermine the bases of growing racial conflicts based upon the color of a person’s
It may also transform health workers from being moral guardians to cultural change agents in their health promotion roles. Thus, conscientisation can enhance a radical change of social norms and values that disempower adolescents, communities and health workers to carry out ASRH promotion roles in culturally-conservative societies. It can enable people to emerge from oppressive structures created and sustained by the social
Ageism barriers between the elders and the younger generation and the lawyers lead to ineffective communication in the justice system, Victims of ageism also feel the lack of confidence that the legal system can deliver justice for older people. Ageism is also an easy target for sexual assault. They fear shame especially in relation to sexual
This form of oppression can also hinder a disabled person’s likelihood to challenge their segregation from the mainstream world. A disabled person is restricted by what they cannot do. Within the Medical model framework an individual’s limitations are the primary source of their difficulties faced and these issues can only be corrected through
The agitation leaves the consumer vulnerable and cut off from yet another part of the world leaving a road block between the healthcare provider and consumer. Doctor Parikh, Parker, Nurss Baker and Williams believe that many patients with low literacy may not admit they have difficulty reading because of shame; more importantly they exposed that African-Americans men are more likely to have education less than a high school and be over the age of 60 years old (Williams, 1996). When the consumer is not educated this can disincentive the communication level possibly leaving the patient uninsured or underinsured. If the consumer is in good health we relate that to a level of education about healthcare. Health literacy is a very vital part of healthcare.