At the end of WW2 the United States had so much power, influence, and reach around the world, even they were frightened how they stood alone when taking into consideration the balance of power idea. The Soviet Union wanted this badly, so in their minds, by invading Afghanistan and aiding the Marxist allies, they
Stalin was the dictator of the Soviet Union. According to Wikipedia Stalin ruled from the 1920s – 1950s. He made Russia into a communist country. Although they both wanted to address corruption in their communities, Peggy and Stalin ruled very differently because of the way they treated their people, and how they made decisions for them. One of the ways that Peggy and
Stalin has been blamed for many atrocities. Next to Hitler, he’s seen as the megalomaniac dictator of World War Two. Stalin’s purges were a brutal solution to Stalin’s problem yet it was a solution. Without the purges, It’s doubtful Russia would have been able to stand in their later years during World War Two and beyond. How were the purges so successful?
Joseph Stalin was and still is universally known for his harsh leadership in the Soviet Union. To examine the extent of his cruelness, World Civilization II: The Rise and Fall of Empires© 1500-present stated, "Stalin was not a communist; he was a sociopath. He enjoyed hurting people and ordering their deaths. In his time as dictator of the Soviet Union, he was responsible for the deaths of tens of millions of his people, and the cruel torture and imprisonment of millions more" (Sattler, 71). However, this only scratches the surface of what Stalin put the Soviet Union through.
Cheka At the end of December 1917 Soviet authorities formed The Cheka, the Extraordinary Ordinary combined security police and function with a sort of political army. After the Russian Revolution it was obviously that not everyone wanted Lenin as their leader. So Lenin had to do something in order to hold the power. Without the brutal help of Cheka it would be very difficult for Bolsheviks. After the civil war everything had changed.
They consolidated their power and influence through the imprisonment, torture, and killing of rivals to political power. This allowed them to rule by fear, to create an atmosphere of fear and reverence surrounding their leader, and to consolidate their control of the people. For example, during the leadership struggle following Lenin’s death, Stalin removed his main rivals to power though show trials. These well publicised trials and executions were a display of the solidity and intimidation of Stalin’s rule, and an opportunity to remove rivals while deterring further opposition. Most significantly, the Trial of the 16, 1936, led to the execution of Zinoviev and Kamenev, two high-profile contenders for the position of leader after Lenin’s death.
The Warsaw Pact was, however, the first step in a more systematic plan to strengthen the Soviet hold over its satellites, a program undertaken by the Soviet leaders Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolay Bulganin after their assumption of power early in 1955. The treaty also served as a lever to enhance the bargaining position of the Soviet Union in international diplomacy, an inference that may be drawn by the concluding article of the treaty, which stipulated that the Warsaw agreement would lapse when a general East-West collective-security pact should come into
Although the Soviets imposed a Stalin type of regime in Hungary during the beginning of the Soviet occupation, things continued to get worse after the failed election of the communist party in Hungary (Country Report, 2010). For example Vyachslev Molatav, a diplomat for the Soviet Union, commanded Matyas Rakosi, the leader of the Communist Party in Hungary, to use tougher actions against the Hungarian citizens in order to make a more pronounced class struggle (Wettig, 2008). The electoral loss of the Communist Party in the 1945 Hungarian elections illustrated the reality that the Central European Communists parties were weak; thus the Soviet Union felt that it was necessary to apply harsh measures onto the Hungarian people in order to ensure the survival of a communist government (Naimark, 1995). Although the Soviets believed that these measures would enforce communism as a way of life over the Hungarian population, this ended up driving the Hungarians to revolt in
Totalitarianism caused a corrupt government in Russia. Anybody in the military who was thought of going against Stalin was instantly killed. It didn't matter if they weren’t going against Stalin. Also, Stalin only promoted people through the ranks of the military if they were loyal to him. Stalin also, demoted people if he didn’t trust him.
Additionally, he unified Russia by blaming “enemies of the state”, members of religious and ethnic groups other than what was accepted, subjecting them to violence and campaigns of terror. Stalin also maintained his power by creating secret police to eliminate anyone who posed a threat or sending them to the Gulag.
The INF Treaty eventually led to the destruction of 859 American and 1,836 Soviet nuclear missiles. (Hoekstra Database) The amount of courage and optimism Regan put towards ending Communism was remarkable. He was the first president to ever really attempt to make progress with Gorbachev because many other presidents and world leaders had a great fear of Gorbachev. Regan did not fear Gorbachev, actually from his first day in office, he tried to mend the relationship between the two nations. Many people thought Regan or any other U.S. president did not have the ability to end the cold war.
The end of the Second World War brought dramatic changes to the world, including the role of the United States. In an effort to maintain a global position of dominance, the nation engaged in a Cold War with the Soviet Union. While Americans supported a capitalistic model of society, the Soviets supported a Communist one. These two world powers fought to exchange socioeconomic models for alliance and support from third-world countries. The US was frightened by the spread of Communism, especially to their own nation.