Even if those claims made by Calley about the massacre were incorrect, since international law and the military code of conduct expressly forbade the killing of civilians, it was still the responsibility of the chain of command to ensure that Calley knew those policies. (Bodenner) It said that by covering up the deaths of all but 20 civilians, but the officers hid a much greater war crime. The commissioner did not learn what Seymour Hersh discovered later; U.S. officers in South Vietnam destroyed papers describing the massacre.
Airplanes played a major role during the war. In the beginning, when planes were just starting to be used, The soldiers would use them to spy on their enemy and see what they were doing and if they were starting to make a move on towards other side. Since These planes did not have radios they had to use colored weighted bags or a message inside a bag with weight to be dropped down. Once the other side realized that they were using planes to spy on them, They as well did the same,and eventually both sides were spying each other. Both sides realized that when they are up in the air, they could attack.
The Tet Offensive was one of the largest military campaigns in the Vietnam War launched by the Viet Cong and North Vietnam People’s Army which killed over five thousand American soldiers. How did the Tet Offensive influence American politics, society, and the overall development of the war in Vietnam? This question plagues many historians, politicians, soldiers, and veterans. The Tet Offensive influenced American politics by forcing politicians to take a stand one way or another on the viewpoint of the war, influencing American society by causing people to see the reality of war itself, and influencing the overall development of the war by showing that the enemy was not, in fact, about to collapse in defeat as the government had told the public for years.
One of the main effects from the war is the body count. Over 3 million Vietnamese citizens and 58,000 American troops had died in the bloodshed along with thousands more wounded. The use of Agent Orange not only destroyed Vietnam’s environment, but also caused health problems for the Vietnamese and the American troops using them, eventually leading to cancer. Society wise, the war had changed the way the public saw the U.S government. There was a widespread distrust of the
General William Westmoreland called the helicopter air assault “the most innovative tactical development to emerge from the Vietnam War” (Carland, 2003). In February 1963 on the recommendation of the U.S. Army Tactical Mobility Requirements Board, otherwise known as the Howze Board after its president LTG Hamilton Howze, the 11th Airborne Division was reactivated as the 11th Air Assault Division (test). Their mission, to train in the theory and evolution of the air assault concept. Training continued until 1965 when the division was deactivated and reflagged as the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile). Shortly thereafter the division began deploying South Vietnam.
The American Revolution arose from the escalating conflict between the thirteen colonies and their mother country, Great Britain. This uprising took place between 1775 and 1783. By the end of the war, the thirteen colonies, in victory, had gained their independence from Britain and were to be called the United States of America. Some argue that the increasing debt of the British Empire, aided the Americans’ win in the Revolutionary war the most. However the different battle tactics used by the colonial militia and intervention of other countries like France played a role on a much larger scale in the result of America’s victory. Therefore, America 's success was based more on America’s guerilla warfare and the support from other countries than the debt of the British.
OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER -SUCCESS OR FAILURE? Operation rolling thunder was a strategic and gradual bombing campaign undertaken by the united states military and the republic of south Vietnam. The aim of the campaign was mainly to prevent the north Vietnamese from invading the south Vietnamese and spreading communism. Over Three years the USA and south Vietnam dropped 643,000 tons of bombs on the north and spent around 900 million dollars. The operation was seen as ineffective as it did not meet the initial objectives as men, North Vietnamese guerrillas and materials continued to travel from the north to the south via a sophisticated network of paths and the ho Chi Minh trail which also ran through neighbouring countries such as Laos
Leitenberg, Milton, and Richard Dean Burns. The Vietnam Conflict; Its Geographical Dimensions, Political Traumas, & Military Developments. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio, 1973. Print. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam.
Traps, which were set up by soldiers, women, and even children, were highly deadly8. One trap, called the grenade trap, would have grenades on opposite ends of a stream. These grenades would be connected with a trip wire, which was placed under water. If a person tripped over the wire, the bomb would detonate and result in multiple deaths. The U.S. army was not aware of these traps, which shows U.S. ignorance of the tactics involving traps and capabilities of the North Vietnamese forces.
The orders given to the commanders were sometimes unworkable due to the conditions on the ground. In the end though, the strategy used against the Japanese worked. Even though the campaign had been heavily criticised at the time. The allies’ eventual got victory. The campaign also served as a sign of the strengths and weaknesses of the individual soldiers and commanders.
In using artillery and air power of weapons like the M163 Vulcan, M42A1 Skysweeper, and the MIM23 Hawk we were able to take down our enemies. There was 2.7 million soldiers that served in the Vietnam War. In this being said there were 58,000 that died or remained missing, and 300,000 that were wounded. More than one hundred forty billion dollars was spent on this war. The U.S failed to overcome its objective of preserving an independent, noncommunist state in Vietnam, now no one knows how or why we fought this war or weather the military outcome was possible for the United States.
This death toll was no accident or result of war. In comparison, of the 231,000 British and American POWs only an estimated 8,300 or 3.6% died in German custody. The British and Americans were thought of as racial equals while the Russians were
11 Morale of the US Army was already lowered by the Tet Offensive, the My Lai incident brought further decline as hundreds of unarmed Vietnamese women, children and elderly were killed by US troops. Once the information was released to the public, antiwar protests increased and Americans pushed to end the war.12 The American People had little trust in the Army at this
Not committing to the task could potentially suggest that they were incompetent or lack the capacity as a military personnel so facing ‘dangers’ was a much preferred option. Additionally, discipline in the military can be seen when an officer makes his salutes appropriately, their conduct, to the state of their uniform and even how they present themselves in public. While discipline in military is rewarded as it is a sign of respect and duty, misconduct on the other hand is punishable. When discipline is lacking in an army personnel, it not only affects their own performance but also the team as a whole. It is therefore important to instil discipline early and effectively.