To understand the development, evolution, and implications of racial slavery, one must first understand the collision course between the Americas, Western Europe, and West Africa. It ignited a brutal campaign resulting in the loss of human life and cultural extinction of African and native peoples, “Seeking wealth or land, they commenced a process of conquest and settlement that would alter or destroy the lives of the people who already lived there” (Clark, pg. 8). While no master plan existed for racial enslavement, the belief in racial superiority and possessing an upper hand in terms of socioeconomic standing, allowed for this racial element to become intertwined with slavery. There were some key developments in terms of the progression
The novel depicts the pre-colonial and early colonial Nigerian society. Colonialism had brought a lot of social, economical and political changes to the colonized country, and these changes could be positive or negative. Chinua Achebe deals with both the good and bad sides of colonialism in Things Fall Apart. He neither blindly justifies colonialism, nor does he utterly disapprove it. Colonialism is evil when its purpose becomes looting the economy and hijacking the culture of the people.
African delegates were not in attendance while European nations debated their future. Elizabeth Heath from Oxford References writes, “During the 1870s and early 1880s European nations such as Great Britain, France, and Germany began looking to Africa for natural resources for their growing industrial sectors as well as a potential market for the goods these factories produced.” The European nations were unconcerned with the cultural consequences of their actions in Africa. They were only focused on improving their economies through Africa 's resources and consumer market. This treatment caused Africa to suffer due to their lack of independence. Africa continued to suffer over time reaching to modern times where parts of it are considered developing countries.
Europe settled itself in Africa which it exploited and alienated in every respect. It crushes (destroys, breaks) the continent’s autonomous development, puts an end to its traditional self-sufficiency in all fields; violently introduces its products and imposes a trading economy structured around colonial metropolises’ needs (precious metals, agricultural products, etc.). It is the way Africa is introduced, by fire and blood (through violence), into the Western economy of which it becomes entirely dependent. The British colonization incited (roused, caused) in South Africa the Transvaal Boers’ revolt led by Paul Kruger who rejected, on 11 October 1899, the British ultimatum. The Boers’ war ended on 5/31/1902 with a halftone English victory.
Although not contemporaries, both of them lived and died in an era when third world countries were reeling under the colonial darkness. The Indian sub-continent was under the control of imperial Britain while in Africa, most countries were under the control of either Imperial France or Imperial Britain. The exploitation of the native’s mind and land was a common phenomenon. Thousands of innocent men, women and children were slaughtered across the world including Asia and Africa by European colonizers to fulfill their selfish vested interests. The sensitive souls of both Fanon and Iqbal were affected by the inhumane realities of colonialism.
Actually post-colonial criticism is the way of cultural criticism. Post-colonial criticism always criticizes the cultural value, have views and analyze the art and texts which was written by the people who were living under the racism and colonial power by Europe. Basically colonialism is a west practice in Africa and Asia. Post-colonialism shows the effects of colonialism in Africa and other colonized countries. Edward Said is one of the great philosophers who concentrate on the colonization of 3rd world by
The novel explores the damage that colonization does to white colonizers such as the character of Kurtz. The novel also raises the issue and impact of slavery on the natives. People are exploited so that the colonizers can build their riches. This is a predominant theme of colonization on a continent such as Africa, where individuals are vulnerable to the manipulation of the colonizers.
By leading the readers to the main story by telling its backstory, Hochschild effectively supplements his argument of these effects of European imperialism. As Hochschild states briefly in the beginning sentences of the introduction, “The beginnings of this story lie far back in time, and its reverberations still sound today… a central incandescent moment, one that illuminates long decades before and after, is a flash of… moral recognition” (Hochschild 1). He maintains this claim throughout the story by recounting the devastating atrocities that only occurred because of the greedy proclivities of European empires in that time period. Although the book did not maintain a complete chronological order, Hochschild’s fundamental thesis was still manifestly supported and
This created a conundrum for the apartheid economy because job reservation and influx control created a shortage of labour (unskilled and skilled), while there was large unemployment in the black population, particularly in the homelands. Influx control worked on the principle that the indigenous African population could only own land in the homelands representing 13% of the land area of South Africa. Economic Sustainability “Economic sustainability is the ability of an economy to support a defined level of economic production indefinitely” (http://www.thwink.org/sustain/glossary/EconomicSustainability.htm), as there are fluctuating economic cycles, a sustainable economy would be able to withstand the down cycles and benefit from the up cycles. Economic sustainability relies on the growth of economy. It has the potential to create better living
The poems Africa and Flying Man by Rabindranath Tagore show the negative effects of man-made destruction. The destruction is the way they have mistreated the people of Africa, as well as changing the way nature used to be, from the peaceful harmonious nature to inventing more modernised technologies, making man seem more arrogant. The focus of the two poems is how man has destroyed the earth with their actions, and the poet does this by using imagery and figurative language. In Africa, Tagore uses adjectives to emphasise the effect of man destroying Africa and its people. The word ‘shadowy’ creates a negative beginning to the stanza that introduces what is happening with the slavery, and it symbolises Africa turning into something dark, as the country used to be peaceful before the slavers came.