The concept of crime is a relative and complex one that is viewed as a norm breaking natural phenomenon of human society at all times and has changed in accordance with the socio economic development of the society. If a person does commit a crime, he or she is sent to jail. The jail will be the home of those people who had committed crimes and will be sentenced by the court. As time goes by, the rate of crime has increased tremendously in the contemporary world. Men and women do commit crime and both have an increasing crime rate.
There is the variable criminal which has a major influence on the definition of the concept of criminal. A variable is a concept that has been operationalized or measures in a specific manner and that can vary or take on different values (Hagen, 2017). Crimes are defined as acts punishable by law so if a small child steals something without their parents knowledge it is stealing but is it a crime. It is said that ignorance of the law is not a legal defense against a criminal act but a child is too young to know right from wrong. It is important to study the deviants and the social structural contexts that define them.
The ideology and jurisprudence however has changed over time meeting the needs and existing prominent customs and conditions of the prevalent crime in society. The jurisprudential evolution of crime however can be traced from its history: Concept of crime: For as long as man has been a social animal dependent on others for satisfaction of his own personal needs and formed societies there has been the existence of crimes. There exists a wide array of reasons for the perpetuation of crime and types of crime and the reforms brought to them to meet the changing external conditions. Justice provides the only way to reserve the rights of all individuals and to maintain stability and peaceful cohabitation of the members of society. The reason for the existence of crime is a deviation from the socially accepted norm of behavior which is essential for the peaceful and unhindered progress of society.
1.0 INTRODUCTION WHAT IS CRIME? Crime is any action or offence that defies a state or country and is punishable by law. Crime has many definitions. In fact the most common thing about these definitions is that crime is punishable. Crime cuts across many disciplines such as sociology, psychology and criminology.
The definition of rape is unlawful sexual intercourse or any other sexual penetration of the vagina, anus, or mouth of another person, with or without force, by a sex organ, other body part, or foreign object, without the consent of. the victim. Innocent until proven guilty is recognized as the slogan for our country’s law system. But back when segregation was still around and if you were African American it was the other way around. For Tom Robinson in the novel “To Kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee his fate was judged as so.
The concept of Criminology stems from the relationship between Crime and Deviance, in which crime are deemed as actions that breaks the laws and are subjected to consequences, and deviance is the rejection of conformity in one society, but acceptance for another society. Crime is a form of deviance, yet can be seen as more of an emphasis on the social structure of society. One’s attempt to crime is deemed a response towards society’s theoretical perspective that deviance is a reason for society decaying. Society measures crime as a series of human judgement, or a set of logically intertwined propositions called theories. Theories in correlation to crime is a social attempt to reduce crime by explaining the logistics and logic behind every crime in regards to an individual’s character.
Criminal Justice is the system of institutions of governments directed at upholding social control; police, courts, and corrections. Criminology is the study of all the factors of why criminals commit certain crimes. Laws and Society ask where the law comes from. All three are interrelated; no law, no crime. The specific criminal behavior I chose is murder, specifically murder committed by serial killers.
Every day we hear about crime and criminals in newspapers, on television, news reports and in general conversations throughout our socials circles. It is a constant concern and fear in society today and down through the generations. Crime is defined in some dictionaries as ‘’an act or omission that violates the law of the land and punishable by the guardians of the law.’’ Finding solutions for crime is an ongoing process. There are many theories on crime, causation and solutions. Politicians, interest groups, journalists and individual researchers have tried to find the cause of crime and the solution to this problem.
Unlike facts proved by science, crime is a socially constructed idea and its definition is unclear. The images of thieves or other criminals are not existing in the beginning but are developed as time passes. It makes crime like a daily life ’myth’ (Hillyard & Tombs, 2007). Also, the same kind of crime can be done under very different situations with contrasting reasons but often the crime is treated with same type of punishment under the criminal justice system. The standard form of response given by the system causes inefficiency in dealing with several acts which are all labelled with the name “crime” (Hillyard & Tombs, 2007).
To put it simply, crime is constructed by the use of social laws and the decisions of those with power to make some of these social laws and the decisions of those with power to make some of these social laws into criminal laws. Crime can be seen as a social construction as what is legal or illegal in one society or culture may not be in another, the same can be said of deviance. Crime is repeatedly viewed as a ‘physical fact’ by the government or media. However it can be argued that when one thinks of acts which are criminal in one place yet are not in another that crime is a social construction. To refer back to the point of these with power deciphering which acts are criminal, it can also be argued that those with power (e.g.