Why Criminology Is Necessary In Society

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Crime is inevitable in any human society since some violation or the other of any code of court prescribed for the members of a society is bound to occur. Not only is crime inevitable but, paradoxical, as it may sound, some sociologists have gone to the extent of saying that crime, to some extent, helps in promoting social solidarity among people constituting the society. The inevitability and universality of the phenomenon of crime has been described by Emile Durkheim in the following words: “There is no society that is not confronted with the problem of criminality. Its form changes; the act thus characterized are not the same everywhere; but everywhere and always, there have been men who have behaved in such a way as to draw upon themselves penal…show more content…
More broadly, Edwin Sutherland identified criminology as the study of law making, law breaking and the response to the law breaking. Criminology is the study of crime and criminals. But even this definition is of limited use – whilst we might recognize that criminals commit crime and criminologist study crime, what is needed today also, is the definition of crime to be understood, what criminology is?! Most dictionaries offer multiple definitions of the word ‘crime’, usually starting with the idea that it is a breach of criminal law, “an action or an instance of negligence that is deemed injurious to the public welfare or morals or to the interests of the state and is legally prohibited” Now the point is, as per the ancient perception towards criminology is that crimes are committed by human and committed against human and criminology is the study of the same defined aspects of crime. But gradually with time, the definition has undergone some modifications; now the definition of crime is broader in its approach and includes the contemporary concept of crimes against environment as well. GREEN

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