Jose Antonio Navarro was a very important man because he was involved in the Texas Revolution. He was born on February 27, 1795, and he was sent to Saltillo, Mexico as a young child, and injured his leg that didn 't heal properly which caused him to have a limp. The same year he injured his leg father died from a severe illness. He learned the merchant trade which was his father´s occupation, and has his own trade post, but specialized in Mexican Law. Which didn´t really make any sense. He met his future wife named Margarita de la Garza at his merchant stand, and immediately fell in love. Jose and Margarita has a daughter named Maria Casimira del Carmen in the spring of 1817. He was happy about there being a new trade port on the coast of Texas at La Bahia, because he thought he could open a new trade post to help raise money for his family, which did not work because the other merchants would not let him sell near them, because, they thought he would out-sell them, which he did.
Cabeza de vaca survived because of his wilderness skills.” Cabeza de vaca faced many obstacles along his way to mexico city, he had to got through mountains, desert, the rio grande, and unfriendly indians along the path.” (Document A). this describes that he had to go through tough times but he survived using his wilderness skills.
So how did Cabeza De Vaca survive? He survived because had had survival skills, healing skills, and he respected others good or bad. The main idea is that Cabeza survived because, he ate what he could find and didn't complain he used any shelter he could find. He gained trust of others cause he helped and healed, and because he respected everyone. That's all he did to survive mountains, deserts, river, and many more physical features. My opinion is that he is a brave warrior who let nothing get in his
Moreover, in 1537, another Spanish explorer known as Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, wrote a book titled La Relación, where he explained the obstacles him and his crew had to face during the Narvaez expedition in 1527 to the Spanish King, Charles I. In connection to all the men who sailed “from Cuba to Tampa Bay in present-day Florida” only “Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca and three other men survived the expedition, but only after enduring a nine-year, six-hundred-mile trek across Texas and Mexico and enslavement by Indians…….” In my opinion, this letter gives the reader a much clearer understanding of the things that Cabeza de Vaca saw during his journey because he writes his letters using words like “my”, “I”, and “me” which makes it clear to us
In his campaign against the Aztec Empire, Cortez relied upon the other local indigenous tribes for assistance. Why did they ally themselves to Cortez and how did they help him secure ultimate victory?
Imagine that you are cold, lonely, and stranded on an empty island with only 3 other people. What would you do? Cabeza de Vaca and the other 3 survivors’ raft has been washed ashore on the Isle de Malhado, an island also known as the Island of Bad Luck. It was November of 1528, and the clueless Spaniards had no ships, let alone clothes and food. So how did Cabeza manage to survive this grueling, thousand mile expedition to Mexico City with his 3 fellow explorers? Although a large portion of it was luck, Cabeza de Vaca was able to survive due to the respect and trust he earned from the Indians, his advanced communication skills, and his impressive wilderness skills.
In this paper, the epic journey and expedition of Cabeza de Vaca would be discussed that why is his tale significant to understand the Spanish invasion of the Americas, what communication difficulties did he faced and what were the main aspects of his journey and our learning’s about native societies.
Cabeza de Vaca, one of the world's greatest explorers. It's amazing how he was able to survive with little tools and help. Cabeza started his expedition in 1525 in seville, he later crashed in Galveston Island, Texas. He and 3 other people had to be able to survive in the new world, with nothing other than themselves and other little resources. Cabeza de Vaca was able to survive seeing that he knew a bit about the Indian tribes and how to speak their language(s), He also knew how to heal wounds and other such things, and most of all he knew how to survive in the wilderness.
First of all, the military veteran persisted the harsh environment through his vast knowledge of survival skills. For example, “Cabeza drank water stored out in hollowed-out horse-leg containers” (Document B). The sailor made an improvisation of a naturally unavailable. In this case, Cabeza used the remnants of a horse as a cup for drinking purposes, most likely because his prior knowledge told him that horse-legs are sturdy and hollow. By making use of his environment along with his mastery in the arts of survival, Cabeza de Vaca could now create materials that would increase his chances of living.
Cabeza de Vaca always took what was best for his men into consideration before he made a decision. He always thought about his choices and he is a good leader for that reason. Although, he made some bad decisions like sending one of his men to scout out the island alone his intentions were good. In the end this decision led to the colonist meeting the Native Americans, who help the colonist survive. Cabeza de Vaca’s good choices often outweighed the bad ones. When traveling across the ocean he decided to ration their food to ensure they would not run out and that everyone would survive. He even would eat less to conserve more food. He also persuaded his men to trust the Native Americans when they were near death. His
Cabeza De Vaca survived by his success as a healer. “He had been wounded through the right shoulder with an arrow” “with a knife I opened his chest to that place” “at last I pulled it out.” (Doc C) These quotes explain that Cabeza was able to keep a man alive. “We cured the sick.” (Doc D) Document D is Cabeza De Vaca’s journal. He expresses that he and his crewmates healed the indians to show that they cared about the Indians to survive. They proved their worth to the Indians so that they could
The Columbian Exchange was the extensive transfer of plants, cultures, animals, technology, human populations and the concepts between the Afro-Eurasian Hemispheres and America in the 15th and 16th centuries, related to the European colonization and trade after Christopher Columbus’s 1942 voyage. Majority of the records about the Spanish empire contain complaints about the radical decline in the number of Native American people. The decline is due to the spread of diseases associated with the Columbian Exchange. Early chronicles reported that the first epidemics, which is a widespread of disease in a community, following the arrival of the New World were the worst. There is a theory that the Indians had little,
The main reason Cabeza de Vaca survived was because of his wilderness skills. He made good use of all of his resources, this is shown where it says, “Cabeza drank water from hollowed out horse legs… Cabeza ate what was available, including berries, mollusks, rats, roots, lizards, snakes, and spiders” (Document B). The castaway always took what was available, and used to the best of his abilities. He even thought of digging a hole and placing for fires in the shape of a cross to prevent mosquitos and the cold from getting to him.
While reading Kathryn Walbert’s essay on primary sources I learned many important things. The first thing I learned was that primary sources are anything created for the purpose of studying that was created in historical times. The second thing I learned is that primary sources are important to read about because they are very important keys to what life was like in the past. This is very important because it gives you an in depth understanding of how life was and gives you more information on what you are trying to study. The third thing that I learned was that simply because something is made now from the historical time period doesn’t make that item a primary source. In order for an item to be considered a primary source, it has to be made during that time. This piece of information is very important because it can help distinguish between an authentic primary source and a false one. The last thing that Walbert’s reading helped me to understand about primary sources is that they are very important to historians because historians only rely on details that are left behind from the past. Without primary sources,
The Columbian Exchange was the movement of people, animals, goods, plants, diseases, and microorganism that occurred in the sixteenth century. The effects of The Columbian Exchange on early American society were extensive. One of the most devastating effects was the spreading of disease that killed around ninety percent of the Native American population. When Europeans came to the New World they brought with them diseases such as, “smallpox, measles, typhus, and cholera”(document one). The native’s immune systems were not prepared to fight theses diseases and this lead to a catastrophic amount of fatalities. In document four we see evidence of a smallpox breakout through an illustration of native americans with spots covering their bodies.