Caesar put in a lot of his effort and energy during the first triumvirate on the conquest of Gaul. He served as consul and later on he became governor of cisalpine and transalpine. The Helvetii in Switzerland in 58 B.C. made an effort to migrate into central Gaul, Julius Caesar believed that if the Helvetti migrated to Gaul they would become a threat to the Roman province. He was able to send the tribe back to their homeland in a great battle.
The senate then declared war, but not on Mark Antony but on Cleopatra in 31BC, which created the Civil War between Marcius Antony and Octavian, which could’ve been avoided if Mark Antony had not given away Roman land and his name and committed treason11. Throughout the fourteen years, the use of propaganda was extraordinary. Both sides were ruthless to hold more power in Rome. Octavian had used the use of propaganda throughout the civil wars but he had used the use of propaganda towards the end of the war, exploiting Antony’s dalliance with Cleopatra. He Mark Antony was under the control of a foreign woman, which was added with the influence of alcohol, other drugs or magic spells.
In the end, when Rome wanted to arrest him, Hannibal fled and took his own life rather than conform to the commands of Rome. Other leadership characteristics the notion that leaders are made, not born. s Hannibal possessed are ambitious, courageous, forward –looking, competent and intelligence. Hannibal exhibited these characteristics during his Alps crossing in inclement weather which was described as a remarkable military achievement. He was elected as a chief magistrate, where he spent several years in Carthaginian politics.
When Theodosius II, the emperor of Rome, begged for terms, Attila's tribute was tripled, but, in 447, he attacked the empire again and negotiated another, more expensive, treaty . Additionally, in 451 Attila attempted to conquer Roman Gaul (modern France), however he was defeated at the Battle of Catalanunian Plains. Although, by 452, he invaded Italy, devastating the Northern provinces . Additionally, the Huns played a large part in the eventual fall of Rome. It is known that Attila thrived on warfare and bloodshed, but these accounts of success show how he must have been more than a savage leader to control such a barbaric race.
One of the greatest weaknesses that lead to the fall of the Western Roman Empire are the barbarian invasions. When the Roman soldiers were moved from the Rhine-Dhanube frontier to fight on civil wars in Italy, the Roman borders were left open to attacks. Not so long after Constantine moved Rome’s capitol, Germanic barbarians-people Romans considered uncivilized- began to raid and take over Roman lands in Greece and Gaul. Historians believe that the tribes actually started settling along the borders around 200s. Odavacer (a barbarian leader) takes over by overthrowing the last of the Roman emperors and made himself the ruler of Italy.
“No less than the people of Varennes and Sainte-Menehould, they suspected that the flight had been coordinated with a planned foreign invasion to end the Revolution by force. Thus the Assembly took steps to prepare the nation for war.” (p. 128) According to Tackett there were different opinions among the Assembly’s members on decision of the future of the King. “In their first reactions of shock and betrayal, a surprising number of deputies had been prepared to eject Louis from the government altogether and replace him with a regency or even a republic.” (P.131) in other hand aristocratic and conservatives asked to let the King be rehired based on a parliamentary decision. At the same time, there was a group who asked for trailing the King. Most importantly, the people’s deep feeling attachment for the King now was changed into the feeling of being betrayed by their “father”.
Also, Caligula’s baffling Uncle Claudius became Emperor by the Praetorian Guard. Personally, Caligula was a tragedy waiting to happen. The people of Rome may have known that his reign would be the forefront of destruction to the Roman Empire, but a blind hope of arrogance clouded their judgment as Caligula’s terror destroyed the lives of those around him. However, Caligula’s life was built for luxury, military warfare, and egomania. Most Emperors would have the decency to respect his people, protect their empire, and keep peace among other countries.
In 410 the Visigoth King Alaric successfully invaded the city of Rome. The empire had to spend the next several decades under constant threat before “the Eternal City” was raided again in 455, this time by the Vandals. Finally, in 476, the Germanic leader Odoacer rebelled and deposed the Emperor Romulus Augustulus. Since then no Roman emperor ever would ever again rule. The sudden decline of population due to epidemic diseases was a factor to the decline of both the Roman Empire and Mayan Civilization.
Having to choose between his loyalty to Rome and his loyalty to his close friend, Brutus shows what is more important to him by finally killing Caesar. In Act I, Brutus tells Cassius, “What means this shouting? I do fear the people/Choose Caesar for their king” (Shakespeare I.ii.85-86). Brutus fears that Caesar will be crowned king, which contradicts the values of the Roman Republic. And after some persuading from the conspirators and Cassius, Brutus finally joins in on the act to kill Caesar before he can do any damage to Rome.
).” This quote shows that Brutus is considering betraying his best friend. Then later in act two Brutus says “The only way is to kill Caesar. I have no personal reason to strike at him—only the best interest of the people.”(2.1.10) which shows that he has given in and is agreeing to kill Caesar for Rome. Once Brutus betrays his dear friend Caesar it causes all kinds of turmoil in Rome. One example of the turmoil it cause in Rome was it started a war between the conspirators and their followers and Antony and Octavius and his followers.
Newly imposed British laws b. British asserts imperial power 3rd Paragraph A. Emotional/psychological impact a. Growing resentment/Anger b. Dissension/exerting independence History: add more information here (Hook Intro. Paragraph) French and Indian War 1757 - 1763 (known in England as the Seven Years War): For nine years, the British fought the French and Indian allies for control of the Ohio River Valley • A critical event ----------------- As noted by author, E.G. Storke in his book, The History of Cayuga County, “The French were vanquished and the sovereignty of the country conceded to England.” Source: The History of Cayuga County E.G. Storke Page 18 Britain – territorial gain (What lands?)
Soon after the birth of Pliny the Younger a civil war broke-out and the Romans had to fight for their empire and side civil wars were still happening. Some believed at this time Pliny met back up with Titus. In 69, Titus became the new Roman Emperor and Pliny was able to become a procutator, which would take him too many
(Tranquillus 113) When studying in Dalmatia, Octavius learned he was heir to Rome, and he sought support in Italy to return to Rome with an army of 10,000 men. (Sizgorich 1) Octavius temporarily allied with Mark Antony to eliminate any anti-Caesarian factions. (Sizgorich 1) This alliance was only temporary because Antony soon would become an obstacle for Octavius, and they would spread
The Romans who were being led by Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (Scipio), who had managed to win support from the Numidian leader Masinissa, was the eventual downfall to Hannibal’s campaign. Scipio was somewhat unproven as a military leader at this time, but was seen very much as the golden boy, of the Roman Army. The main threat to the Roman Army was Hannibal’s war Elephants, which had been deployed to devastating affect during previous encounters. Scipio’s first action during the battle would have to be dealing with the animals as Hannibal’s first main attack would come in the form a charge from the mighty elephants so. At this point it would seem that Hannibal was relying completely on strategy which had been successful in his other
After years of battling, the Visigoth king Odoacer would dethrone Romulus Augustus and take the Roman capital for himself. Another external cause for the decline of the Western Roman Empire was the rise of the Eastern Roman Empire. The splitting of the Roman Empire weakened both halves, and diverted the resources that were needed to protect the Western Roman Empire from outside threats (Andrews 1). The splitting of the Roman Empire was intended to make the governance of the empire easier, but it would contribute to the fall of the eastern half of the