European nations also took it upon themselves to hold a conference to divide Africa into territories that would be controlled by European countries. By entering African the Europeans gave African diseases that they weren’t immune to like small pox. When Europeans seized Africa they requested that African grow cash crop, but by growing cash crops Africans didn’t grow enough food to feed themselves and therefore caused a minor
The reasons for political was that if you have more land then you 'll have more men for battle and more power. But though that 's true there were others who back stabbed Europe by taking their technology and using it against them. Europe soon lost power but still tried to take over. Europe was mainly trying to rule over Africa to be the best of everyone and be a powerful empire. Europe had forced Africans into working for free, slavery, and had made them work in harsh conditions.
(647) We can see the changes in the European nations that occupied Africa and how it might have posed a threat. Africa went from having only the “French Algeria and two British-ruled South African states,” to several European nations. (647) As a result, most of Europe wanted in and an international conference was held in Berlin that partitioned off different parts of Africa and called for countries to respect those boundaries. (648) From here on out, Africa and all other acquired areas suffered under Europe and the rest of the world’s imperialistic motives and models. This way of imperialism helped to create empires out of one’s conquest because it allowed countries to assert their dominance at other’s expense.
However, the scramble for Africa fueled the rivalry to come. As Study.com articulates “all of a sudden, European powers realized the value of African territory and began trying to take over it. This led to tremendous competition among the European powers, particularly Belgium, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, and Spain.” This idea is further supported by the BBC, which explains that “commercial greed, territorial ambition, and political rivalry all fuelled the European race to take over Africa”. Another example of the rivalry created by imperialism is shown by the collapse of the Ottoman empire. This once strong empire suffered multiple losses, as one sees when considering the
All of the different countries went to war for the land and so did the tribes that were fighting for their land. THe article states, “This scramble was so intense that there were fears that it could lead to inter-imperialists conflicts and even wars.” This shows that it was so bad that all of the different countries just wanted the land. Also on the timeline it states, “A major threat to British power in Southern Africa came from the Zulu kingdom after they annexed many of the surrounding nations in the Mfecane wars. The year 1834 also saw the abolition of slavery throughout the British Empire. This gave the Royal Navy an opportunity to dominate the seas around Africa as they attempted to enforce the ban and keep out growing French interests in the continent.” This also shows that a lot of separate countries knew that Africa was an important place and that they needed to come and get some of the land for
These resources couldn’t be found in European countries, so they were forced to go to places like Africa to get them. With the end of the slave trade from Africa to most of Europe, as well as countries like Italy and Germany settling, Africa became a prime piece of real estate for European countries. Reports of slave experiences were brought back to Europe by various explorers and abolitionists called for an end to the slave
Despite the fact that the belief that one country was superior in comparison to another was present in both situations of European Imperialism, in Africa, the European countries were the ones that believed they were superior and as a result of their belief, they justified their other reasonings for imperialism. These European countries believed that because they were superior, they needed to maintain and increase their power by colonizing other countries. In contrast to European Imperialism in Africa, in China, the Chinese were the ones that believed that they were superior. As a result, when Britain proposed the idea of trade to China, the Chinese refused. The Qianlong Emperor sent a letter to King George III stating, “I set no value on objects strange or ingenious, and have no use for your country’s manufactures” (The Qianlong Emperor 1793).
People who share a common history should create an independent nation. In Cecil Rhodes “Confession of Faith,” the imperialist author his views and preferences on nationalism. During this time period, Africa was in a state where it could be taken over by Britain, due to the lack of a strong government. Rhodes envisions this opportunity “to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory.” This act is the result of imperialism, but not nationalism. Rhodes’s biased thoughts about nationalism are expressed when “[he] thinks that we all think that poverty is better under our own flag than wear under a foreign one.” Under nationalism, land can be thought as “locked” to one territory, under a government formed by similar people.
It was this forceful nature of blacks’ migration into America that caused their ever growing separation from the white labor force and led to the establishment of a slave society. The way European white immigrants were being treated, began to improve, so as to attract more white settlers to the colonies. As the status of white migrants rose, the role of Africans became more clearly outlined by legislation that separated them from white settlers. All this fueled the intense racism that eventually grew explosively. Slavery of the blacks was a direct result of the race and class consciousness of the slaves and planters and not the materialistic advantage that buying and selling the slaves would earn them.
King Leopold claimed his interest in the Congo was motivated by the desire to extend the benefits of European civilization to Africa. This ideology is referred to as the civilizing mission- the belief that it is Europeans duty and responsibility to bring forth civilization to non-European nations. Leopold hoped to achieve this by establishing trade relations for which the people of the Congo and Belgium could benefit. For his humanitarian efforts, he received support from other European nations as this justification was integral to European imperialism. The ideology of the civilized mission can be seen in a letter from King Leopold in which it states, “The aim is to regenerate races whose degradation and misfortune is hard to realize.
Williams would possibly argue that Africans partaking in the war was honorable and a great aid in the war efforts. Conversely, African conscripts like Kamara did not have a strong reason to fight. Kamara believed that Africa was needlessly dragged into “the white man’s war…” to fight for another nation’s cause. Regardless of the minor disparity between the backgrounds of the sources, Kamara and Williams both suggest that imperialism is morally wrong. The many problems created by imperialism are to be the basis of many future events.
Violent conflict is unavoidable in Africa and this is because the African countries fight over power, since Africa has proven that conflict is unavoidable. However, countries only fight over power because they have seen and heard of wars where people have fought for power and so they want power just as much as anyone else. Such as WWI (Germans), WWII (Adolf Hitler), and the Civil Wars (African americans wanted freedom.) Nevertheless life in Africa was and is full of conflict because societies wanted power over countries in Africa. Such as Tutsis and Hutus when they fought for control over Rwanda or when they fought because they believed that the dominating race (Tutsis) wanted power because they had long skinny noses and the Hutus had big thick noses and they believed they were overpowering.