The Civil War was a disaster conducted by the American people. Between slavery and states rights, this very conflict was unavoidable. The issue of slavery was the largest conflict between the North and South. The South was upset with how the government up north was being run.
The abolitionist John Brown had a very important role in the freedom of slaves and the beginning of the Civil War. One of his many famous quotes, from David S. Reynold's John Brown: Abolitionist, stated his belief: "Whoso stoppeth his ear at the cry of the poor, he shall cry himself, but shall not be heard." (page 50) Also, our 16th President, Abraham Lincoln, was one of the main reasons slavery was abolished. The history of slavery includes the treatment and conditions of slaves, the purpose of slavery, and the outcome of slavery.
George Fitzhugh claimed that "The Negro slaves of the South are the happiest the freest people in the world." (Document H). John Brown a major person in the fight to end slavery "led a band of 18 men into Virginia to seize the federal arsenal there, distribute the captured arms to slaves in the area, and create a general slave uprising." (Document I).John Brown was executed and the aftermath of his death made tensions rise betwwen the North and South. "
By the time of Lincoln’s second presidency, it was obvious that the Confederacy was going to lose. But instead of Lincoln expressing happiness for the end of slavery, he tried to communicate the true purpose of the war; slavery. From the start of the war, Lincoln always said that the war was about preserving the Union, but since the war was won, he could finally say the purpose of the war was to stop the practice of slavery. He exclaims, “These slaves constituted a peculiar and powerful interest. All knew that this interest was, somehow, the cause of the war”.
April 12, 1861, the day that the Confederates and the Union squared off in a Civil War that ended with a disastrous number of 600,000 fatalities. Several Compromises failed to fulfill their purpose of slavery and the issue of tariffs began to deteriorate the United States economically. Popular sovereignty and representatives in Congress determined the states rights for themselves. The Civil War was caused by the state’s rights and their need to escape the Union, slavery which poised a great threat to the breakable United States, and the economic differences that identified the strength and weaknesses of the North and South.
With expanding the union came disunion. The states began to feud about the expansion of slavery. This quote from John C. Calhoun captures the mind frames of the time. “ I have, Senators, believed from the first that the agitation of the subject of slavery would, if not prevented by some timely effective measure, end in disunion… the agitation has been permitted to proceed… until it has reached a period when it can no longer be disguised or denied that the Union is in danger. You have thus had forced upon you the greatest and gravest question that can ever come under your consideration: How can the Union be preserved?”
After the efforts to gain independence from Britain and the creation of the United States of America, eighty years later this union was not so united. When the Civil War broke out in 1861, it was the first time that Americans fought Americans. Among many reasons, the Civil War is known to be a result of the arguments over the delineation of the States’ Rights or the presidential election of Abraham Lincoln. In actuality, the Civil War, the most deadly war in American history, was due to disputes over slavery in the American territories. Therefore, the Civil War was inevitable because of the consequences that occurred one being slavery.
The antebellum reform movement of abolition created conflict between differing sets of ideas and interests in the Northern and Southern regions of the United States. Northern states favored the destruction of slavery, seeing it as a violation of the “principles of justice...and the golden rule espoused by Jesus Christ” (Foner 436), and Southern states favored maintaining/expanding slavery due to the fact that “profits from cotton coursed through the whole...economy” (Alexis) down South. Slavery was what held the South in an agrarian state, while the North industrialized and the divide between the two deepened. Abolitionists fiercely battled Southern planters over the issue of slavery, for how could something so morally wrong be played off as right? The American public sphere purposely kept the discussion of bondage under wraps, but with tensions rising, it became a lot harder to oppress.
To be more specific, when a new state was entered into the Union, there was debate on if that state would be a “free state” or “slave state”. After years in the army, Taylor had come to disapprove of new slave states, leading him to admit California and New Mexico immediately into
In the election of 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected as president as a selectional candidate with the support of the northern Republican party because of his plan to abolish slavery. Slavery was one of the main issues in the Southern states, but once Lincoln entered office, his initial plan to do away with slavery changed. With the hope that Lincoln would execute his plan, the southerners were exceptionally threatened to find out that Lincoln decided to control slavery in the south, rather than abolish it. War was moderately considered by Lincoln regarding slavery, which brought on dissension among the North and South. Slavery was a controversial topic among the U.S. citizens during this era.
In Lincoln 's inaugural speech he said "This country, with its institutions, belongs to the people who inhabit it. Whenever they shall grow weary of the existing Government, they can exercise their 'constitutional ' right of amending it or they are 'revolutionary ' right to dismember or overthrow it"(Abraham Lincoln 's First Inaugural Address). The 12th of April 1861, the Civil War began. There were many conflicts between the two sides.
With no final agreement, the country had no other choice but to go to war with itself. The slow decline of the, once powerful, Southern economy and the major issue of the abolishment of slaves are what led to the cause of the American Civil War. While economics and political structure played an important role in the cause of the Civil War, slavery was the main reason why altercations arose. Many historians and teachers try to hide the fact that slavery was such a huge factor in the cause of the Civil War because they looked at slavery as the “norm”. To them, the differences between the Republicans and Democratic formed great disagreement.
The civil war was an inevitable result due to tensions and events that had taken place within the union during the past few years before the beginning of the war. Events such as the Missouri Compromise, Kansas-Nebraska act which repealed the Missouri Compromise, and finally the assault of Fort Sumter. The southern states began to assume that their states rights’ were being violated, the north was attempting to gain control of the union in order to abolish slavery and thus the south began succession from the union. The southerners’ efforts and its expansion proslavery mobs became hostile and violent toward Northerners prior to the war, although southerners were resulting in violence and intimidation to prevent others from speaking out against
The north being against slavery and the south supporting it was the main cause for the division which caused the war. Slavery was a major part in the Old South, and the loss of the war for the south would result in the loss of the most distinctive factor of the Old South. Many of the farms and plantations either had, or even relied on slaves, and once again Rhett saw this coming and advised Scarlett to get every last glimpse of the Old South. Rhett was very observant when it came to the events of the war, and he wanted to warn the others of the eventual down fall of the Old South. He did just that on the way to Tara, and what he said is very true.
In fact, slaves were fleeing the South to reach the Union’s lines and even join its military.