Why Did Operation Market Garden Fail

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Berlin, it was the Russians who hoisted their flag over the ruins of the Reichstag building in May 1945. It signaled that World War Two in Europe was effectively over. If the events around a small town in Holland had turned out differently, the troops who captured Berlin could easily have been British or American. If Operation Market Garden, in Holland, had succeeded, the western allies could have penetrated their way across one of the last great natural barriers between them and Germany. Operation Market Garden, the largest airborne operation of its time, was a joint military operation intended to end the war by Christmas 1944. The allies failed to achieve their objectives because the strategy was full of flaws, poor planning and coordination…show more content…
To the west was Von Zangen’s 15th Army, to the east was Student’s 1st Parachute Army, and in the south at the Siegfried line was Brandenberger’s 7th Army. Model requested for reinforcements, but Germany have no available soldiers, so they conscripted young and old men. Model also ordered the 2nd SS Panzer Corps to retreat towards Arnhem to rest and refit. (Appendix D) This decision to transfer the SS Panzer by Model is one of the reasons why Operation Market Garden failed. Hitler believed that Model wasn’t capable of restoring the German defense, so he replaced Model with Von Rundstedt as OB West. Hitler ordered Von Rundstedt to keep the Siegfried line in readiness. Siegfried line was a defense system stretching more than 630 km, with 18,000 bunkers, tunnels and tank traps. Von Rundstedt ordered the 15th Army to retreat to the west, with the exception of some units who had to defend the Canal ports. (Appendix E) The failure of the British to stop this retreat was a big mistake because Von Rundstedt had 60,000 more men at his…show more content…
Radio communication between units became impossible, initially most of the division’s radios were working, but communication problems had started to appear as the division’s sub-units moved away from each other. A small part of the British troopers under Lt. Col. John Frost took the main Arnhem highway bridge on the north end. (Appendix G) They failed to cross the bridge because of counter attacks by the 10th SS Panzer defending the bridge’s southern access road. Frost’s battalion only had rations for forty eight hours and limited supplies of ammunition while the German forces in the area get stronger as time went on because reinforcements were now starting to arrive from all over Germany. The rest of the British division toughness hung on in a small pocket on the river’s north a few miles away from the bridge. The Polish paratroopers on the south side of the river could not provide reinforcement because they are fighting merely to save their lives against the now fully alerted Nazi forces. Obersturmbahnfuhrer Harzer rapidly organized some 2,500 men as a blocking force between the Poles and Arnhem Bridge. In the end, it was the German Panzer units who caused the lightly armed British Airborne units to fail at
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