Part A: Question 2 1.0. Introduction Based on the agreement between Malaysia and Singapore on July 9, 1963, Singapore unionized with the Federation of Malaysia which is also consisting of Sabah and Sarawak. Malaysia’s first Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman and Singapore’s former chief, Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew were agreed on the Singapore’s autonomy, political representation in Malaysia , the citizenship of Singaporeans, and the income contribution of Singapore to Malaysia in London on July 9, 1963 (Turnbull, 2009). Throughout the union-ship, Singapore encountered various constraints for developing its nation and economy as Singapore does not acquired the pioneer position and common market from the federal government for its industries. Due to the difficult political environment in the federal government and Malaya leaders’ frustration toward Singapore leaders’ disparity on maximizing the revenue contribution in order to overcome the Indonesian Confrontation and financing Sabah and Sarawak for its development, the Malaysian Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman and Singapore Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew were agreed for the separation of Singapore from the Federation of Malaysia (Turnbull, 2009).
The British felt that Singapore as a new-born nation then was lacking in capable leaders, thus the only way British was willing to relinquish self-governance to Singapore was through the merger with Malaya. Malaya would be able to provide strong leadership to lead Singapore in times of danger or crisis like communists’ threats of attack. Besides that, a defenceless red dot surrounded by larger countries are prone to invasion, thus the merger allowed deterrence against potential invaders on the authority of Singapore’s national security. With that, Singapore’s full self-governance was gained. Since Singapore being one of the largest seaport in the world, she could sell goods at a competitive price via a common market with the Malaya.
We can visit Fort Canning Park to see how the British took their last, futile stand against the Japanese. We can watch the footage of how the late Mr Lee Kuan Yew cried after Singapore’s separation from Malaysia. All these form a common history and set of values that many Singaporeans can relate to and will allow the younger generation to gain a stronger sense of belonging and rootedness to Singapore. Building a stronger national identity now will prove to be a apt stepping stone for Singapore’s development as a whole. We belong anywhere we add value to.
But in the global economic nowadays, both country need to depend on each other more than before and to prosper more especially for Malaysia to achieve vision 2020. It’s a must for them to put few things aside and look at the long term effect. By slowing down the development of new connectivity, investors will lose confident in both country. Malaysia and Singapore although are two separate country but they are from the same stem and they still uphold the same moral value. The leaders might be rigorousin their administration as both leaders PM Dato Seri Najib Tun Razak and PM Lee Hsien Loong were also had their father being the prime minister at one
The scheme resulted in the exclusion of Singapore due to the concern of mainland Malays towards Singapore’s large Chinese population that might gave them unprecedented political power. This separation gave rise to a new political environment and new formation of political parties in Singapore, witnessing people becoming more involved with local politics. Britain’s proposal scheme eventually materialised into territorial nationalism that made cooperation between parties for a nationalist cause possible. Political leaders also experienced newfound opportunity to exercise power and gain mass support in order to achieve independence. Subsequently, this saw the PAP receiving mass support in the 1959 elections, ultimately resulting in a self-governed Singapore.
MAJOR PROBLEM: SINGAPORE WATER SHORTAGE ISSUE Short history of Singapore: Singapore gained independence on 9th August in 1965 from the merger with Malaysia. After its separation from Malaysia, Singapore faces major problem in many areas. Singapore is a small island of area size of 718.3km square. Given her limited land capacity, Singapore face a severe lack of natural resources such as water. In the ’60s and ’70s, Singapore was heavily reliant on imported water from Malaysia and faced urbanisation challenges such as polluted rivers, water shortages and widespread flooding.
Singapore was more famous after being opened by Raffles and became trade harbor since 1819; therefore traders were considered as the prominent actor here. (http://pascasarjana.umy.ac.id/index.php/en/jounal/) So we can conclude that Islam was spread in Singapore through Arab traders from the Middle
It was one of the reason that Skinner cited from many papers that 2 main reasons were caused of overseas Chinese emigrant to Thailand. Following time, when Thailand was influenced by western and needed to civilize the country. This phenomenon is the main purpose that Siam need a lot of labors to develop and mostly were oversea Chinese. After bowing’s treaty (1855), economic growth was really high because of development and overseas Chinese were the mechanism of the civilization. Most of them are from Guangdong and Fukien area.
This leads to territorial disputes over Borneo in 1840s & 1870s. Only in 1891 was a mutual frontier line agreed upon between British North Borneo & Dutch Borneo. The final breakup of Johore Empire is when Treaty Divided SEA into 2 spheres of influence, which is under Sultan Abdul Rahman of Rhio-Lingga to Dutch and mainland of Johore & Singapore to British. Singapore were separated from mainland Johore with the Treaty of August 1824. Sultan Hussein ceded Singapore to the British.
Social impacts of Japanese occupation in Malaya prompted more far off relationship between the races within Malaya. Japanese military gave an alternate treatment as per race where the Malays and Indians were dealt with well by the Japanese, and Chinese treated unreasonably. The Malays have been delegated as the Japanese "Kempeitay" relegated to find the Chinese. This expanded the disdain among the Chinese against the Malays coming about thicker between ethnic antagonistic vibe between the Malays and Chinese. Consequently, the Chinese looked for sanctuary in the forested areas to evade Japanese military