During the 17th century in Europe, there was major social and political disgruntlement among the people, because of this many European experienced revolutions. Two countries who gained the most traction in their revolutions and saw major change was France and what is now known as Germany. France experienced revolutions in both 1830 and 1848, while Germany experienced a revolution in 1848. I will be focusing on both of Frances revolutions as they were both caused due to corrupt governments and the goal of both was similar, a more republican nation. The reason France had a revolution in 1830 was because the royalist believed the kings had too much power, in 1815 the Congress of Vienna had put a Bourbon Monarch into power names Louis XVIII
Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government was in shambles. Having left the rule of the British Crown, the States desired a government far from their previous predecessor. However, having given tremendous power to the states and very little to the federal, there was much chaos. A prime example of the failure of this document was Shay’s Rebellion, when farmers rebelled against government officials for debt that they could not repay due to faults in the Articles. Consequently, a new Constitution had to be ratified which resulted in many compromises between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists.
In 1796 George Washington gave his Farewell Address. Washington urged Americans to avoid excessive political party and geographical distinctions. George Washington was afraid that the parties would continue to grow seeking more power than other groups and eventually splitting the country in two. Washington was aware that other governments viewed political parties as destructive because of the temptation to manifest and retain power, but also because they would often seek to extract revenge on political opponents. So, in Washington’s Farewell Address warned the Americans to not have political parties and to be in union.
Although there were claims that it was a clergy-military conspiracy, they tried to not connect the events with military because they represent French national unity, and targeted relatively easier target: the clergy. After the affair, the Third Republic made “anti-clericalism” their most prior agenda
However, Louis was unable to act; if anything, Marie Antoinette was the more decisive on out of the two. As Antonia Fraser observed, “she was decisive where he was indecisive, and she was courageous when he was vacillating.”(Covington) She pleaded to other European sovereigns to invade France and help them, but no other nation wanted to get involved. The King, Queen, and their children were held captive for about two and a half years until 1791, when Hans Axel von Fersen arranged the family’s escape. The King’s indecisiveness played a big role in the failure of the escape. The plan was to flee to the town of Montmedy.
Different factors had a part to play in starting or even propelling ‘the Age of Enlightenment’, including the rule of the Church and State which experienced a power struggle among them, in addition to the Western discovery of latest societies with noticeably exclusive cultural traditions and norms. Many intellectuals felt unhappy with the fixed social styles amongst their very own collectives, and angry at their governments' refusal to provide non-public rights. The lasting political effect of the Enlightenment can't be overstated. At the least three fundamental political revolutions came about throughout this time period in Britain, America, and France. Those revolutions manifested thoughts centring on
English and French both had a type of government that they didn't like either and they just wanted to change it. These two wanted to change their government instead of being like Latin America and America and get rid of it completely. The English Revolution emphasized the idea of natural rights and having a selfish leader should be different. The idea of natural rights is from John Locke and having a selfish is from Thomas Hobbes. The American Revolution emphasized the idea of Montesquieu.
Throughout history numerous political movements have sought to make significant changes to their country by exacting a revolution. In some instances, this idea of revolution is carried out using militant or physical force and this usually happens when constitutional politics cannot deliver what is desired of the revolutionaries. There are many reasons as to why a revolution is started but usually it is due to differences in beliefs in politics and the result of a rebellion can be down to extremely different living standards for people in a society. Often the revolutionaries want to better the lives of their nation’s citizens and to develop their country into an equal and thriving civilisation. The failings of previous governments, unfair treatment
The French Revolution was an unsuccessful revolution. First, the Reign of Terror hugely contributed to how the revolution was unsuccessful. Specifically, countless number of people died for no reason. Second, unique individuals and groups that helped shape France weren’t a satisfactory for the people. Third, the revolution started with monarchy and ended with monarchy; there were no changes in the form of government.
Many political parties rise up. Some army leaders and noble didn’t want to rule by people that is lower than them. Therefore, Weimar had no military support. Spartacist party, which is the left wing party, begun a revolt at January 1919. On December 23rd, an effective event broke out.
After fighting for America’s independence the nation was faced with the situation of developing their own government; with that idea the Articles of Confederation were made as a way to define the government’s structure. With the articles came dysfunction, and a lack of authority. Consequently the dysfunction caused division in the nation, separating the people into two political parties, Federalist and anti-federalist. The parties developed over time and discord, with the development of the Constitution into the Federalist Party and the Democratic Republican Party. The two parties, the Federalist, and the Democratic Republicans, based on their backgrounds and means of income, opposed each other with differing political and economic views.
It most imperative pioneer was Terence V. Powderly. The Knights advanced the social and social inspire of the workingman, rejected communism and political agitation, requested the eight-hour day, and advanced the makers ethic of republicanism. Sometimes it went about as a worker 's party, arranging with businesses, yet it was never all around composed, and after a quick development in the mid-1880s, it all of a sudden lost its new individuals and turned into a little operation again. The Knights of Labor failed because they were quite radical. They wanted to abolish the capitalist system.
This established a modern, more unified banking system under a mixture of private and government control. The Federal Reserve System would allow members of banks to demand their reserves to draw in greater security, and made the currency and bank credit more adjustable. This made farmers furious because it was more difficult to get loans and then made the shipping and selling of crops more expensive. They wanted the seed to be lower so the could buy more and spend the same and have a silver based currency instead of the gold based. The Populists called for government ownership of railroads, arguing that they were too critical to be left in private hands.
They were against western expansion because they believed it would reduce power and the influence of the party and the northeastern states. This would spawn secessionist schemes from the vice president Aaron Burr. He had no interest in continuing to be part of the Union, openly discussing seceding from
Political parties, Democratic Republicans and Federalists, started in the U.S. because of differing views of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson, and the influence of newspapers. Jefferson’s and Hamilton’s different ways of thinking(mostly on issues that was beneficial for the country) played a huge part in the start of political parties. They fought about economy. Jefferson liked farming while Hamilton preferred manufacturing and trade. Interpretation of the Constitution was another thing they fought upon.