This Wall separated East and West Berlin and the Communists did not let anyone from the East leave the country or they would be killed. When the Wall was taken down it gave the people of East Berlin a sense of freedom they have not had in 20 years of being ruled by Communism. This event is also what lead to the reuniting of Germany, which is something the US wanted to do since the end of World War II. The fall of the Wall is what ended the battle of Communism in Eastern Europe and the US remained the world’s
The US and the USSR were the main to participants in the Arms Race that followed WWII. The US began the Arms Race already equipped with the technology to form atomic bombs, like they had demonstrated in WWII. However, they were surprised with how quickly the USSR caught up to them when they tested their first atomic bomb in 1949. Both sides were fearful that they would be caught in a “missiles gap,” meaning that they had less missiles or warheads than the other side. Therefore, both sides frantically constructed weapons to maintain an advantage, pouring out their money and damaging their economies.
He became the first President to use the atomic bomb when he ordered the attack of Japan`s two cities Hiroshima, and Nagasaki. The weight of his decision, debated as reasonable or otherwise, understandably troubled him, and influenced his choices leaning toward the reduction of arms; for both the United States and the Soviet Union. He took actions similar to Carl von Clausewitz`s ideas on limited warfare and force in his attempts to resolve Cold War problems, though there was never proof to that he was directly inspired by Clausewitz. Limited warfare would require the nations to withhold their power to a degree in order to maintain the health of society, and assure that the world would not receive any damage that it could not possibly recover from.
The realization of nuclear war, in many ways, was a wake up call for America, the Soviets and the world. Certainly, both countries contributed to the causes of the Cuban Missile crisis, but it is hard to argue that both superpowers anticipated such a crisis. The nationalization of American Companies, the Bay of Pigs fiasco and the discovery of suspected missiles in Cuba by US spy planes were the main contributors to the Cuban Missile crisis. Luckily for the two superpowers, they were able to come to an agreement in which Khrushchev proposed to destroy his nuclear capabilities if America withdrew their missiles from Turkey. If this had not been reached, the picture today would be bleak.
The events of Korean War, Truman doctrine, Marshal Plan, Cuban missile crisis, Vietnam War, thaw in Sino-US relation and Afghan war were purely aiding realist However ,some of the popular events including Demise of USSR with absence of US-USSR intense competition, West European Integration into single entity(European Community),wave of democratization around the world chiefly in Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, least risks of war between great powers weakened realism’s spirit in the field of International
The Berlin Wall The Berlin Wall was a symbol of the Cold War and a picture of the separation of ideas and government from east and west. The Wall was put up to keep the East Germans from leaving the Soviet half of Berlin and West Germans from bringing their democratic ideas into East Berlin. Although the Soviets built the Wall during the Cold War in an attempt to defend their nation from western ideas invading Eastern Europe, it proved to be the downfall of the Soviet Union and socialism.
However, although this resulted on countries being more diplomatic and did allow an increase in trade, warfare did not end here. It was only after World War II in 1944 that the western economies gathered at the Bretton Woods Conference, to create a new international monetary and financial order, with the IMF and World Bank acting as political drivers to promote macro-economic integration. The two international institutions aided in the acceleration of regional integration and a global market place. It was the continuous development and success of reducing barriers internationally and promoting trade by both the Kennedy round, 1963, and the Tokyo round, 1975, that the Uruguay round in 1993, was developed, creating the GATT (presently known as WTO); established to liberalize international trade on the principle of non-discrimination and elimination of trade barriers by multilateral negotiations (Neaumann, 2009).
In the post-war period in the US, the Truman Administration has adopted a number of decisions that, in fact, determined the foreign policy course of the country for the entire period of the Cold War. One of the key elements of the new foreign policy became the doctrine of Truman. This doctrine proclaimed the global role of the United States in world affairs and linked world problems to the national security of the United States. Truman proclaimed that US politics should be aimed on the support of the free people in their fight with armed minorities and external pressure. Under the term ‘external pressure’ Truman implied the expansion of USSR.
First between all is the influence exerted by other countries and supranational institutions which push for a substantive liberal democracy as the ultimate form of government in the world. The strength of the countries that decides to adopt this form of government are automatic good diplomatic relationships with countries that has made the same choice and the formation of political-economical union such as the European Union. These unions increase the power of the single members in the global scenario and substitute national regulations especially on trades and borders with the ones made by the union. Russia was able to remain on the global scenario in the 20th century for its capacity of producing nuclear weapons and the threat represented by the communist ideology to the western society. With the non-proliferation treaties of nuclear weapons and the fall of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation has to figure out a way to avoid a decline on the international scenario and preserve its identity at the same time.
In a political sense the arms race would prove which country was stronger, due to their production of nuclear warheads. The more powerful country would have the greater sphere of influence and control economic and military decisions with ease. The Cold War had been greatly impacted due to the creation of the Soviet hydrogen bomb due to the U.S. being at a disadvantage because they were not able to build nuclear weapons as quickly as the Soviets. However most importantly the nuclear arms race was at the pinnacle of a nuclear warfare between the competing nations. This conflict did almost lead to attacks on either
Hoekstra states: “Who would have thought in the early eighties that it would be President Reagan, who would sign with us the first nuclear-arms reduction agreement in history?” (Database) Regan was doubted time and time again while he was in office, but no one can deny his great accomplishments of ending Communism. The INF Treaty was one of the biggest achievements Regan attained. Another way Regan took a hands-on approach to ending Communism was eventually ending the Cold War. Many presidents before Regan tried to threaten the Soviets and use force to end the Cold War.
An old policy, with a new look. The Truman Doctrine changed the path of the U.S. involvement in international affairs. The pledge was to provide civilian, military, and financial aid to countries who were threatened by Stalin and Communism. This policy was indeed successful, but it led President Eisenhower to come with a new and improved approach, while still upholding the Truman Doctrine.
Around 1945, tensions began arising between the US and the USSR, which lead to the Cold War. During a 40 year time period, each nation tried to spread their political and economic systems. Both the US and the USSR wanted to spread their ideologies across the world. The origin of the Cold War was distrust; in “fighting” this war, the political and military tactics were the most effective.
The Allied victory in World War Two did not create a lasting peace as tensions arose between different ideological views. The Cold War became a period of extreme ideological challenges which attempted to enforce a new economic and political structure on the world. It is clear through Winston Churchill’s ‘Iron Curtain Speech’ that imperial struggle still existed in the world as the West saw the Soviet sphere of influence as an issue to “the safety of the world.” Stalin attempted to justify the military and USSR influence in Eastern Europe as a safety net to prevent external imperial influence. Russia’s satellite countries also allowed for the spread of imperial influence and ensure a similar event to World War Two would not occur near the USSR
The Cold War began shortly after the end of World War II, one of the most horrendous conflicts in the history of America. It was a period of tension between the democracies in the Western World and the communists of Eastern Europe which lasted from 1945 through 1991. Although the United States and the Soviet Union never officially declared war on each other, they competed against each other in a non-hostile belligerency including the Cold War and Nuclear Arms Race. One significant topic from this chapter on the Cold War is the Berlin Airlift. As written in The Enduring Vision: A History of the American People, "The 1945 Potsdam Agreement divided Germany into four separate zones and created a joint four-power administration for Germany's capital,