Diego Pitones Mrs. Homon Freshman English, 8 19 March 2018 Industrial Revolution One may wonder how Britain’s Industry and Economy grew largely during the Victorian Era. The answer is the telegraph. Communications in the 1800s advanced rapidly within the United Kingdom because of the creation of the telegraph. Railroads were constructed, which then assisted the spread of this new found technology. Many people including William Cooke, Charles Wheatstone, Samuel Morse, and more helped the idea of the telegraph grow along the way.
The shift between a rural to an urban society or from an agrarian to an industrial society can be significantly marked with the age of the Industrial Revolution. Taking place between 1760-1860, this revolution was a time which gave rise to the power of machinery, factories and mass production, which would lead to the development of numerous inventions which would change their respective industries for the better. However, it is important to note how this significant shift from an agrarian to an urban society essentially had its roots in Great Britain, and exactly what inventions were prominent in leading Britain and the rest of the world to commercial industrialization. When it comes to understanding how the Industrial Revolution came about
During the Industrial Revolution many inventions and discoveries were made. Many of the inventions of the Industrial Revolution changed society during the time period of 1700 to 1914, among which changed the ways of transportation, communication, and ways of human labor. The steam engine was a great contributor to the change in transportation, because it resulted in the invention of the steamboat and steam locomotive. The telephone was crucial to the development of communication, because it made it possible to instantly communicate across a distance, something not possible before that. Finally the ways of human labor changed with new machinery that was invented from devices that powered machinery, to devices that helped workers create the product
The Second Industrial Revolution, which peaked between 1870 and 1914, was aiming to expedite the extraction of the gold from the mines, railroads had to be laid to reach across the land to the ports for global trading (Engelman, Ryan). This made factories call in more and more workers, and in 1880, five million Americans were industrial employees. (Lutz, Alexandra) Compared to the First Industrial Revolution where only few laws or regulations existed for the workers, more labor laws were created during the Second Industrial Revolution, aiming to ensure the safety of the workers. A series of further Acts, which was regulated during 1860 and 1872, aimed to strengthen the safety provisions of the workers. The Act included the first regulation that legalized safeguards for health, life and limb (Wikipedia).
England's primary fuel source in the late 1600s was wood, but as the steam engine entered mass production, coal became a popular fuel. The development of the steam engine acted as a catalyst in the Industrial Revolution, placing England on top of the world in production and exportation of coal. This new piece of technology would allow England to improve her communication with the established and growing colonies. Beginning in the early 1700s, three British scientists invented and enhanced the steam engine as technology improved to allow the British Empire to increase and revolutionize coal mining. This ultimately transformed the British economy and way of life, both were vastly dependent on agriculture.
When the telegraph first emerged prior to the Civil War, Lincoln showed enthusiasm for learning about the new device. In 1857, the first recorded instance of Lincoln laying eyes on a telegraph key was in a hotel lobby in Pekin, Illinois, only three years before he was elected president of the United States. From the onset, Lincoln displayed curiosity and understanding. For instance, Charles Tinker, the telegraph operator who was demonstrating to him the workings of the telegraph, reported that Lincoln “asked pertinent questions showing…that he comprehended quite readily the operation of the telegraph.” Lincoln not only appreciated the inner-workings of the telegraph, he also embraced its capacity to spread his ideas. In the months leading up to his presidential nomination on February 27, 1860, after he delivered an address, the telegraph was used to broadcast the message across the nation.
They decided to buy ships form European countries. Most ships the Confederacy bought never made it. One ship arrived after the war was over (“Ironclad Warships”). The Confederacy had many cruisers around the world that were used to disrupt the Union’s trade with other countries. Three of the main cruiser were the Shenandoah, the Florida, and the Alabama (“Confederate Cursers”).
It was a truly important step to the technological revolution, and to modern life. Even today we can still feel the effects of industrialization. Things like mass production, the middle class, and machines would’ve never came to life if it wasn’t for the industrial revolution in Great
The Impact of the Early Industrial Revolution Changes in society, politics, and economy were found due to the Industrial Revolution. Due to industrialization, towns and cities grew so fast with towns and cities increasing their population such as a twentyfold increase in Manchester. The Industrial Revolution led to an increase in deforestation so that land would be cleared to make new factories. Industrialization offered new opportunities for work, however, few were successful and the jobs were boring and repetitive along with the long work days. Industrialization made society change to distinguish people as either the rich or the poor.
Body 2 :- In Britain, England is were the industrial revolution began but how and why England not France. Britain’s multitude of natural resource like coal, cotton and iron was the one of the main factors that allowed the industrial revolution to start in Britain. Also
Another important figure in the American Industrial Revolution was British engineer Henry Bessemer (1813-1898) who developed and patented the first cost-effective process for mass-producing steel, known as the Bessemer process; it involves oxidation of the impurities in the iron by the oxygen that is blown through molten iron. As a result of the integration of this new technology, steel prices dropped drastically, from $55 a ton to $11 a ton, a basic case of supply and demand. Both iron and steel became essential materials, used to make everything from appliances, tools and machines, to ships, buildings and infrastructure. The steam engine was another new innovation introduced during this time period. First invented by Thomas Newcomen, then later improved on by James Watt, it made pumping water out of mines more efficient.
Section 1: The Second Industrial Revolution Main Idea: Breakthrough steel caused booms in construction of railroads. Many advances and different uses of oil electricity to improve communication/ transportation and construction. During the era of The Second Industrial Revolution many technologic advances have been made such advances eased the lives of the people in this era. In this era it was mostly distinguished an era of inventions and also Second Industrial Revolution is known for boom in steel production/ rapid growth of U.S manufacturing in the 1800’s During the 1800’s through the mid 1890’s the United States became one of the world 's industrial leaders. In the 1890’s there were many advances in technology but one of the most significant