As a result of this alliance and German support, Austro-Hungary then went to annex Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1908-09, thus starting the first Balkan Crisis. Source B reveals why alliances were responsible for increasing tension, as it states “ in the event of a Russian attack on Austria, Germany’s obligation as Austria’s ally might….. render a European conflagration* inevitable”. Therefore if Germany attacked Russia in fear or retaliation of an attack on Austro-Hungary, France would be drawn into the battle, as the 1894 Franco-Russian alliance, causes France aiding Russia against Germany. This would then cause Italy to be drawn into the battle due to the Triple Alliance (1882), which brought Italy in if two powers attacked Germany. These endless confrontations prove why alliances are responsible for increasing tension, as all Empires wished to expand, to ‘gain their place in the sun’, yet, if they did so, lots of battles would be triggered, due to the large amount of
The crusades happened because of many reasons. First the Turks took over the holy lands. Then the Byzantine Emperor wanted to regain the holy land, so he called for the church 's help. Pope Urban II didn 't want to look weak, so he arranged for the first crusade. That is the cause of the crusades.
Unification of Italy was a long and convoluted process compared to other nations of Europe. After many of the nations of Europe have banded together to form nation states there were only a couple of countries that have not unified. When the people of Italy decided that it was time to unify their country, there were many different ideas of what a unified Italy would look like.
Pope Urban II had called for the First Crusade, because he had been told that Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus was needing is help. Pope Urban II called all the Christians to come and help fight for the Holy Land. Pope Urban II stated that the Christians needed to reclaim the land. He saw the faith of the Christendom trampled on and the lack of peace. He saw the many fights, people stealing, people being unjustly kept, and the many evils of the world. The crusades were to capture Jerusalem, to have Christian territories, resolve fighting, and gain territory and political. Fulcher of Chartres was an eyewitness to all of this. Pope Urban II would go on to say that he wants the vile race to disappear from everywhere and for the Lord to protect
The crusades were a set of different military actions that were sanctioned by the Catholic Church and the papacy. Their intention was to recapture Holy Lands they believed were rightfully theirs from the Muslim people that had invaded it. As any attack on a large group of people would do, every major group was affected. The Christians had their own reasons and beliefs for going on these Crusades. The Muslim people were the ones being attacked and had opposing viewpoints of what was going on. The views of the crusades were vastly different from two of the largest religious groups of their time, the Christians and the Muslims.
Pope Urban II’s speech at Clermont in 1095 was a call to crusade given outdoors to the nobles, commoners and church leaders of the Western European Christians (the Franks). The people were moved by this speech and it changed history, launching the first crusade to capture Jerusalem from the Muslim Turks. After hearing Pope Urban II’s speech, thousands of Western European Christians were moved to embark on the dangerous journey and fight in the crusade. I believe the main reasons they were moved and persuaded to fight was; 1) they felt it was their Christian duty, 2) Pope Urban promised them absolution for their sins and 3) they felt compelled to defend Christianity, their holy land and the Eastern Christians.
The crusades were a religious dispute between Christianity and Islam that took place in order for the Christians to take back their holy land, Jerusalem, from the Muslims. Urban II initiated the crusades at the Council of Clermont through a speech, with an audience of noblemen and clerics. His main goal was to urge “European princes to stabilize Christendom’s borders and then go further to recapture Jerusalem and restore Christian rule to the holy land” (Bentley et al. 422). These expeditions sparked new political, religious, and economic developments for the world. The crusades were a huge accomplishment for the people of Christian faith because new people began to convert. Without the start of the crusades by Pope Urban II, the entire view of the Roman Catholic church would be completely different now. Christianity would not have been a very popular religion, and Europe would not be viewed as a dominant
Many reformers such as Martin Luther, John Wycliff, and John Calvin played prominent roles in sixteenth-century Europe; they helped to reform Catholic churches and change the Europeans’ ways of thinking. “The Reformation was a rejection of the secular spirit of the Italian Renaissance” is a true statement. The main goal of the religious reformation was to bring back the former beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church, which were based off of the bible; this went against the Renaissance ideas.
Introduction: Provide background information on the Crusades, restate the DBQ question, state thesis with reasons.
Hernán de Pulgar, the Catholic monarch’s chronicler, wrote “Although they are monarchs, they are human beings”. Ferdinand and Isabella was very ambitious leaders who had many goals they wanted to achieve in their reign. Having recently gotten power by uniting their countries, they were still an unstable, and both external and internal threats were coming towards them. To strengthen their power, Isabella and Ferdinand expelled all Muslims and Jews from Spain, spreading Catholicism and getting the money that exiled people were forced to leave behind. Their Catholicism, ambition and the new idea of nationalism led them to create a completely unified Catholic Spain.
Subsequently, it had many enemies and allies. Ottomans were not considered part of Europe due to having a different religion and culture, even though the Ottomans flaunted that they accept and welcome Christianity. However, they associated in the European diplomacy. Christian countries such as France and England reached out to the Ottomans when dealing with their regional rivals. In July 1509, the Venetian Senate enlisted the Ottomans for military help against France. They had a trading relationship as well. Many accusations and criticism were faced by the Venetians as a result of allying with the Ottomans. In addition, France and the Ottomans shared a mutual enemy, the Habsburgs. As a result, it was King Francis I who assisted Ottomans in expanding to the Habsburgs. On the other hand, Ottomans helped in the election of the French prince. European powers allied with the Ottomans whenever it was profitable for them. Nevertheless, when they started feeling a great threat that the Ottoman expansion would drastically affect them, for the Ottomans had control over many trade routes and many resources, they unified against the empire. In brief, they typically cared about their own
The June 1914 assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by the Serbian Black Hand Group, caused Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia. As their allies got involved this conflict grew into World War I (WWI). This event wasn’t the real cause of the war, it was just the spark that started it. Most people would say the causes were imperialism, nationalism, alliances and militarism.
Their numbers were small, they were very indepented on western Europe for supplies and soldiers. The havoc the zealous crusaders brought on the local populations, especially the Jewish communties, made them hated by all groups throughout the religon. Document 7 states that to make matters worse, the crusading knights often abused and committed atrocities against eastern orthdoxs Christians, Jews and Muslims sin the areas through which they passed. This is important because crusading knights often abused the Easten Orthodox Christains and Jews and Muslims in the oars they passed, which is a negative impact in the crusades Document 6 states that the 4th crusade was a wasteful and destructive even that resulted only in further dividing the Christian world. Pope Innocent 11, the crusade did not attract the support expected.This is important because this is in Constaniople in 1204, the Venetians, who had been hired to transport the crusaders, and the knights agreed to attack the Byzantine capital instead. The city was savagely taken with many lives lost. The Byzantine goverment went into exile in Nicosia and continued to fight the late occupiers until; 1261,when they recaptured tjeir capital.
How did the Italian Renaissance ideas spread northward and how were they transformed in France or England?
The early 20th century had a remarkable impact on human kind, creating ripples in the continuum of history that are still felt in modern times. The biggest and by far the most remarkable event was World War 1. It's main trigger being the assassination of Archduke Franz the war began tragic and tense. In an attempt to prevent Germany from becoming too powerful, other European joined powers for what was to be an exhausting and long battle of attrition. The war was essentially a huge chain of events, tracing back to the Franco-Prussian War and the actions of important people like Otto Von Bismarck. Different ideologies arose that moved the war in several directions: nationalism came along smoothly with modernization and proved to be an incredible