The view that the reason for main women achieving the vote in 1918 was due to the hard work of women during World War One is highly valid. This view is supported by many historians such as Phillips and Bartley. On the other hand, there are other factors that also contributed to women achieving the vote; changing attitudes of society, politics and the campaigns of the suffragists. Changing societal views is supported by Pugh and Bruley, whereas, Joanou and Purvis show that politics hold conflicting values as they either support women’s vote or are in for the vote to salvage their image. Whilst campaigns of suffragists hold the view of ‘Germany was portrayed as the powerful male aggressor, Belgium and Britain as the vulnerable female victims …show more content…
Pugh claims that ‘People had simply changed their minds in the sense that male prejudice against women had melted in face of revelations about their capabilities during wartime and their contribution to war effort’. Pugh’s view has somewhat strong validity because women were able to move away from stereotypical roles as they took on male jobs and endured the horrible work conditions and pay - this helped support their country showing patriotism and shifting society’s mindset. This can be supported as on factories and farms it was usually calculated that it would need three women to do the work of two men. Statistics support this claim as the number of women employed was between 1-2 million, this was impacted by the help of the Women’s War Register providing employment. However, not all views were changed as some employers made agreements with unions promising to protect skilled men’s jobs after the war; portraying traditional views of women were still present - they were still expected of maintaining their ‘wife and mother’ role. Likewise, Bruley strengthens the argument that ‘One of the ironies of war is that women on whole emerged in 1918 healthier and enjoyed a higher standard of living than in 1914’. Bruley’s view has limited validity because women proved that being employed helped them mentally and physically as work occupied their mind and not their husbands. This helped them build communities of support for their love ones in war. Women were unifying as unmarried mothers, who were usually shunned away in society, were allowed to return to work, although at Woolwich children of these women were cared for in a separate nursery from children of married women. This shows that within society their status now affected them rather than their gender as ‘war made them see women’s traditional roles as wives and mothers as even more
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For instance, she provides perspectives from William Chafe and Karen Anderson, who believe that the war accelerated women into the labor force, and contrasts it with the perspective of Leila Rupp, who states that the war had no impact on this. In addition, she also compares perspectives of the images of women during the war, providing perspectives from Freidan, who argues that the images during World War II were committed to following a dream, while comparing it to Leila Rupp, who argues that this image had urged workers to let women into male jobs while accepting them. Continuing from this, Honey provides one more set of perspectives from Karen Anderson and Susan Hartmann, who argue that, as the war began to end, the focus and stress on family roles became highly valued in order to promote the family, as society was readjusting. This indicates that Honey is utilizing other historian’s perspectives
As World War II developed more and more Australian men were conscripted by the British Empire to join the war and therefore tens-of-thousands of men left Australia, leaving their wives and children behind. On the home front, women dealt with the consequences of war in an extreme manner which consisted of managing children and family accountabilities alone, shortages of resources, as well as their concerns for the future, and the grief of losing loved ones. Although this was a distressing and challenging time for the women population within Australia it also enabled them to access ‘a man’s world’ and be successful within the economical workspace, which was previously not accessible to them prior to the war. 'Rosie the Riveter ' was a
From Foner: 1) How did John Adams view property requirements for voting? According to John Adams, the right to vote was given to men who owned property. Those without property, he saw as lesser people who were unable to be level headed and have the responsibilities of voting.
Australian History SAC Plan Divisions in Australian society virtually disappeared during the crisis of World War I. All were united in a common cause. To what extent do you agree with this statement? “Australia will rally to the mother country to help and defend her to our last man and our last shilling”. On the eve of total war, then-opposition leader Andrew Fisher rallied the new nation around those words.
World War 1 (WWI) played a major role in getting the vote for women in Britain, however, the role of suffragette and suffragist movements cannot be ignored as a factor. On the one hand, WWI played a role in getting women’s franchise in Britain. Source A suggests that the war ‘helped women advance politically and economically’ and that it revolutionarised the industrial position of women- saying it ‘found them serfs and left them free’. Source F also agrees that WWI got women the vote saying when men left to fight, women took over their jobs, creating ‘new opportunities for women’, and that it even allowed educated, middle-class women to have a chance at professions previously closed to them.
Women gained the right to vote in 1920 by the 19th Amendment, although many states permitted women to vote before. This made the voting population almost double. Women vote in slightly higher percentages than men, but this has never influenced any election directly. Women also tend to vote Democrat, and so there is a gender gap. African Americans gained the right to vote by the 15th Amendment in 1870, but in the South especially, white people in power used loopholes to make it so that African Americans were not able to vote.
Women came out from every corner to support men fighting on the front line. Contributing to this, there had been a revolutionary mobilization in the workforce. Even disabled men did not hesitate to work for the great cause of the country. Hercules Powder Company encouraged men who were not able or allowed to deploy to aid in the war effort by working in munitions manufacturing. The women workforce relieved men for combat duties by taking over a variety of jobs in the maintenance of the planes.
Looking at the short story written by Meridel Le Sueur, women were struggling trying to find work. Women constantly waited, sat there “hour after hour, day after day, waiting for a job to come in.” When World War II started, it gave women the opportunity they have been desperately waiting for and it benefited the nation greatly. Women worked in all types of jobs ranging from ammunition to being welders and shipbuilders. Even though women faced inequality and gender segregation, women continued to push and demonstrate their competence in the workforce.
The Women’s Suffrage opened the door for women in politics and in occupations. Before the Movement, women couldn’t vote or run for office, and women holding jobs such as doctors was frowned upon. If the Suffrage Movement hadn’t happened in 1848, the present would be very different and much more sexist:any single mothers would struggle even more to support their children; women would just be expected to remain in the “women’s sphere” (the house;) and women would not be able to vote. But because of the suffragettes taking this stand, women can run for office; hold occupations that they desire; and
During the First World War women played a very vital role, either directly as nurses or as forms of comfort and hope (Brose 109). However, as the fighting dragged on countless men lost their lives and saw the unspeakable horrors of trench warfare, attitudes toward women changed. Men were angry that their wives were home living ‘comfortably’ while they suffered, and the nurses saw them broken and vulnerable (Brose 113). Decades later, the women of the 1960s were rebelling against the typical feminine roles of their mothers and grandmothers, but the perception in the minds of the men at war was generally unchanged from those of the soldiers in the past. “The Things They Carried” by Tim O’Brian shows this same transition in emotions—from positive to negative—views, during the Vietnam War by following a platoon of soldiers through the jungle.
After accepting bigger position in the society women fought for suffrage. “At the first session….proposing an amendment to the Constitution extending the right of suffrage to women”, “the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State of account of sex” (Doc. 1) . Suffragists and suffragettes suspended their campaigns for the vote. They believed that the war was more important than their
During the war women had enjoyed the feeling being independent. The feeling of losing the little power they had during the war was devastating. As the United States was becoming a nation the ideology of separate spheres became more clear and women and men were treated completely differently, “American women never manage the outward concerns of the family, or conduct a business or take a part in political life; nor are they, on the other hand, ever compelled t perform the rough labor of the fields, or make any of those laborious exertions, which demand the exertion of physical strength. No families are so poor, as t form an exception to this rule.” (Dumenil 156).
In the book written by (Gavin, 1997) it was cited that “As women took over from their absent men in hundreds of new and challenging occupations, many of which had previously been considered inappropriate”. From the beginning of the World War 1, the German women were participating a great deal. They contributed to half a million-people working on the munitions manufacturing alone (Gavin, 1997). It also mentioned in the book that over in the U.S, the men in charge refused to let the women participate up until April 1917 (Gavin, 1997). The U.S government never formally authorize the enrolment of women, despite Army officials repeatedly asking for such personnel’s.
The First World War played a significant role in the fight for women's suffrage in the UK. During the war, women took on many of the jobs that men left behind when they went to fight, which helped to demonstrate that women were capable of doing the same work as men. This, in turn, helped to change attitudes towards women and their abilities, and helped to create a greater sense of equality between men and women. By showing that women were capable of doing the same work as men, women were able to argue that they deserved the same rights and privileges as men, including the right to vote. Additionally, many women who had been working in factories and other industries during the war felt that they deserved the right to vote as a result of their
Due to this, women back home were expected to work the men’s hard labour. World War 1 tested gender roles and it changed the way women were looked at. Before war women, if married would stay home to cook, clean and look after the children. Cooking cleaning and waitressing were all considered service work that single women would have to attend to, and young women were expected to marry