The alliances and the new system they imposed did have a drastic effect as to why the war broke out. Countries that were not involved in the first place ended up fighting a war that was not theirs. Several alliances were signed by countries during the 1879-1914, these were important and defined the nation’s fate because if one country declared war first this inevitably meant that their ally had to declare war as well. (rhetorical question) • Austria/Hungary, did not like Serbia’s response to her ultimatum, declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914. • Russia, bound by treaty to Serbia, put together an army to defend them.
The Causes of the First World War Carmen There were quite a few causes of the first world war (WW1). The long-term causes were the militarism, alliance system, imperialism and nationalism- MAIN. The short-term cause was the fact that Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia for killing Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife. I personally think the most significant cause to WW1 is the alliance system and here, I will justify why I think like this. I think the most significant cause of WW1 was the alliance system.
Gavrilo Princip a crazed member of a terrorist group “Black Hand” killed the Archduke as he hated Austria-Hungary and the Archduke. The Austria-Hungary Empire saw the assassination as an attack on their city and gave Serbia an ultimatum. They had to comply with a long list of demands or go to war with Austria-Hungary, which was bigger and more powerful. Serbia did not want war so they complied to all their demands. However, Austria-Hungary felt that this was not enough and declared war on Serbia.
The distrust throughout the countries led to treaties pledging that certain countries would defend each other, which separated the countries outside of the pledges further (Adelblue “Setting the Stage for War”). This only increased the tension, as each country began taking sides, and set the stage for the war. Eventually, Germany began to fear that the French were seeking revenge from a previous war, the Franco-Prussian War. Germany knew that France wouldn’t attack alone, so they quickly took action and formed the Triple Alliance. Germany signed a treaty with Austria-Hungary and Italy, enforcing the fact that each country was beginning to take sides (Adelblue “Setting the Stage for War”).
The Balkans was a very unstable area, and it was also known as the “sick man of Europe”. The Balkans included different nationalities such as the Serbs, Croatians and Bosnians, and each wanted independence for their country and they didn’t want to be combined and controlled together, which made it harder to rule. There were also a series of wars between the Balkans and Serbia, and as a result Serbia doubled its size. Additionally, Serbia was now determined to unite all Serbs into a “Greater Serbia”. The growing Serbia was a threat to Austria-Hungary, since it was easier for Serbia to attack Austria-Hungary after Austria-Hungary’s colonization of Bosnia-Herzegovina, which is one of the Slavic groups with Serbia.
There were many minority nations that wanted to establish independence and separate themselves from the mainstream, dominant society. This collective identity and unity that the nations have established caused them to form extreme nationalist ideas and revolt against the more influential people they were controlled by. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand happened due to the severe nationalistic feelings of the Serbs. The Serbs had always wanted to achieve sovereignty and independence from Austria-Hungary. When Franz Ferdinand announced that he will be leaving to Sarajevo to greet the townspeople on June 28, 1914, a terrorist organization called the ‘Black Hand’ had meticulously arranged an attack against Franz Ferdinand.
The July Crisis, this was a series of events which spark the war among the great power across Europe. This event started because of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 28 of June 1914 in Bosnia by the Serbs. The Austrian-Hungary thought that the Serbian government had a direct influence with the assassination, which caused the several chain of events which led to World War 1. There were several players that worsen the crisis, these players are Austria-Hungary, Germany, Russia and Serbia. However the events of the July crisis was mostly conducted by Austria-Hungary because of failure of diplomacy, the wanting of war and the ultimatum.
Many people say that World War I was one of the bloodiest conflicts that the world had ever seen. There are many reasons why people think this and one of them is due to the innovations in military during the late 1800´s. The world powers had expected a short war, but that was not the case. The immediate cause of World War I was the assassination of archduke of Austria-Hungary, Franz Ferdinand. But this was not the only cause of the First World War.
These nations were very militaristic and probed for a new war, especially Germany. It wanted to get rid of its financial obligations and restrictions of the treaty of Versailles. Germany started arming rapidly and spread fear throughout
April 1992, Bosnia were declared as an independent country by the European people and the United States, but the struggle for Bosnian territorial sovereignty had not ended. This is because of the three main groups fought each other within the country which is Bosnian Muslims, Serbs, and Croats. The international community tried to help them with their war but unfortunately it is not working.. The conflict was very violent in the eastern part of Bosnia, near Serbia, between the Serbs and Bosnians. The Serbs, who opposed the creation of a Bosnian state within their territory, began to bomb major cities in Bosnia, including Sarajevo and Mostar, and also took hold of wide areas of Bosnia in order to form a Serbian territory.
All the alliances were already preparing themselves for a massive war to take over eventually. Serbia, being in an alliance with Russia, was the first to challenge Austria. Serbia wanted to become their own country and not depend on another country but, Austria was not about to let that go easily. Serbia eventually grew this hate between the people of Austria and likewise with the Austrian people. Hate is what ultimately lead to the assassination and what became the beginning of the Great
In addition, huge alliances with a mixture of smaller and bigger countries had the potential to involve the world’s strongest military powers in a small dispute between obscure countries. This situation all meant the countries created increasingly effective weapons in order to be the best started a war which was further escalated by the
a. Austria was allied with Germany b. Serbia was allied with Russia. France and Britain were allied with Russia. 2. Britain had promised to defend the neutrality of Belgium. When German forces invaded Belgium to attack France, Britain declared war.
They all jumped in to help their friends that were pointing a finger at somebody else. The war could’ve just been a spat between Austria-Hungary and Serbia if Russia hadn’t been so eager to protect the other countries, like Serbia, they had an ethnic tie with. Although there are many possible reasons for the war, militarism, imperialism, and alliances are the main three with alliances being the most main reason. Militarism and imperialism riled up the countries, making them angry and afraid, but alliances really pushed the countries over the edge into the war. It all just piled up into one big, bad heap of hatred that spurred the countries
In reality the Republican party believed that Great Britain had not respect for Americans. The United States was a strong force against Great Britain throughout the war. During the War the British would capture American men thinking they were British Troops who traded sides. The war had a huge impact on the Americas was in 1814 when Great Britain captured Washington D.C. eventually burning the White House. During this time America stood strong and did not let this attack stop them from pushing forward.