Christianity grew during the Roman Empire because Constantine helped create the Edict of Milan, Constantine had imperial favor toward The Church, and there was trade routes to spread Christianity to different areas. Once Constantine became Emperor, he created freedom of Religion. Constantine was an influential role in the proclamation of the Edict of Milan, partially because he had converted to Christianity a year before the Edict of Milan was signed and agreed to. The Edict of Milan was a document, created in 313, that granted tolerance toward Christianity. The document had benefits for Christians, which legalized their
For example, military campaigns contributed to the spread of Islam because while Muslims captured new land, they spread their religion at the same time. Another way Islam spread was through trade and trade routes in Mecca. As people traded and traveled through Mecca, they picked up on the Islamic religion and spread it to the lands they were traveling to. Lastly, people were attracted to the Islamic messages, which also contributed to the spread of Islam. Although a power vacuum in the region might explain some of it, Islam’s quick spread had three main causes: military conquest of new lands, bringing the Islamic faith with them.
Derived from the French word Crois, and the Spanish word Cruz, the words Cruzada and Croisée developed. Those two words mean “take up your cross”. This phrase, was said by Jesus to his disciples in Matthew 16:24. From those two words came the word Crusade. The Crusades were known as a series of battles launched by Europe against the Islamic religion to take back the holy land of Jerusalem.
The first reason conquest had something to do with the quick spread of Islam is when Heraclius spread the word during the Byzantine War. In the Why Islam Spread So Quickly reading it states, “When Heraclius massed his troops against the Moslems and the Moslems heard that they were coming to meet them out at al-Yarmuk, the Moslems refunded to the inhabitants of Hims.” This is saying if Heraclius didn’t mass his troops the word of Islam might not have gotten around to the Hims and areas around there. The next reason conquest helped Islam spread was through military services and ghazu raids. In the Why Islam Spread So Quickly reading it states, “...A series of ghazu raids against the non-muslims communities in the neighboring countries. The unity of the ummah would be preserved by an outwardly directed offensive [attack].” This relates to the spread of Islam because Muslims use a strategy of raids against non-muslims that would preserve the unity of the ummah.
The crossbow would be used on horseback or used by an infantryman. The crusades originally began with the Christians and the Muslims. The Christians were there because they wanted to retake the land of Jerusalem. Jerusalem was lost from the Byzantine Empire when the Turks invaded and took it. Jerusalem was important to the Christians because it was known as the Holy Land.
They believed that religion gave them the right to conquer new land, because they “came to serve God and to get rich, as all men wish to do,” which Bernal Diaz del Castillo said while working with Hernán Cortés in the conquest of Mexico. Mendicant friars, Jesuits, and priests traveled across the New World to preach Catholicism in hopes of converting the non-Catholics. Religious values were one of the main motivations for conquistadors, because they felt more powerful and superior. The progress of Spanish colonization was shaped by several factors involving war, disease, and religion. The main motivation for colonization during this time period were the “Three G’s” - gold, gaining riches and wealth; glory, success during war; and gospel, spreading religion.
European exploration and conquest of the New Word were fueled by a desire for wealth, power, and status. They also hoped people would convert to Christianity “First, to hold conformity with the rest of His works, being delighted to show forth the glory of His wisdom in the variety and difference of the creatures and the glory of His power, in ordering all these differences for the preservation and good of the whole” (Winthrop, John). The Spanish also descended on America with hopes of bringing Catholicism to the New World while gaining land, power, and money. They both wanted the same thing, to dominate over other ethnic groups while gaining a lot of power and money. The Spanish “gained all of the French lands west of the Mississippi River and
The Mediterranean trade was a trade route that helped spread goods from areas that were in large quantity to areas that were short in supply. Plus, it was also an important feature that aided in the development of civilizations of Europe. But not only did this help revive it, it was also the impact of the Crusades. The Crusades was a cycle of Christian military campaigns that dominated the politics of Europe. The impact of this resulted in two things: noble courts and flourishing cities.
The shift in thinking from the enlightenment sparked a change in thinking about religion in colonial America. The Great Awakening was a revitalization movement that ran across parts of Europe and the colonies in America. Because of the enlightenment people weren’t as religious as they used to be but during and after the Great Awakening people became more and more religious because of the different methods used by the preachers. Preachers used more emotion to deliver their sermons which made it more appealing to the people, George Whitefield being one of the most famous for this. The Great Awakening in a way unified the colonies, because it affected almost everyone in the country it brought together a sense of unity even though different types of christianity were formed due to the great Awakening.
At the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II gave his famous sermon beckoning the Christians to join together with the Byzantines and recapture Jerusalem, from the Muslims control. Exaggerating the anti-Christian acts of the Muslims, Urban exhorted Christendom to go to war for the Sepulcher, promising that the journey would count as full penance and that the homes of the absent ones would be protected by a truce.i Pope Urban II sermon spurred many people ranging from the ordinary citizens to the elite military, to join and fight for the Holy Land. In 1096, the People 's Crusade also known as the Popular Crusade took place. Feeling inspired Pope Urban 's sermon, a French man called Peter the Hermit became a leader for the Crusades. Peter the Hermit quickly whipped up enormous excitement with his preaching in northern France and by early March 1096 he had dispatched a large force of foot-soilders with only eight knights under Walter Sans Avoir.ii Most of Peter 's army were poor peasants and were unskilled in warfare.
Bartholomew Diaz’s own motives were, “‘to serve God and His Majesty, to give light to those who are in darkness, and to grow rich as all men desire to do’.” When Vasco da Gama arrived at the port in Calicut, India in 1498 he made his motives clear by saying that he wanted, “‘Christians and Spices.’” Hernando Cortés declared in Mexico, “‘I have come to win gold, not to plow the field like a peasant,’” (page 449). Lastly, Christopher Columbus understood, “Christianity as a missionary religion that should be carried to places where it did not exist.” He says, “‘God made me the messenger of the new heaven and the new earth of which he spoke in the Apocalypse of St. John...and he showed me the post where to find it,’” (page 453). These men all had the main intention of spreading Christianity. The intentionality was to undo Italian and Ottoman’s complete control over the trade with the East, thus opening up more opportunities for the Europeans to
This event rallied the Christians onto victory and laid to rest any latent desire of Christians to convert to Islam. At the same time, Allen assumes that the appearance of the Holy Lance caused an increase in the desire by Christian crusaders to convert the Muslim, rather than kill them. Peter the Hermit’s most interesting heroics occurred when he attempted to convert Kerbogha to Christianity. Kerbogha a great leader and fierce Muslim warrior refused the offer of conversion and the suggestion of resolving the conflict by using the battle of champions. Allen question Peter’s motives in asking Kerbogha to convert, however, it is Allen’s position that Peter was the type of man who would have ceased upon the appearance of the Holy Lance and then dedicated himself to the conversion of all people to Christianity.